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Arkivet har startat om och saknar material från perioden 180119 - 180513

Arkiveringsdatum 210111:

UNHCR 20-12-17:

Från Honduras/ Death threats and gang violence forcing more families to flee till sidans topp

Death threats, gang recruitment, extortion and other forms of targeted violence are driving more families in northern Central America to flee their homes and seek safety in other countries, a new UNHCR and UNICEF survey reveals today.

Nearly 20 per cent of over 3,100 interviewees in family units identified violence - including death threats, extortion, gang recruitment and domestic - as the main reason behind their decision to leave their communities. More than 30 per cent of unaccompanied children surveyed identified some type of violence as the main driver of their movement, which in turn affected their ability to access essential services, including going to school.

These survey findings help explain the dynamic behind the alarming 456 per cent spike in family units apprehended at the southern border of the United States of America last year. This number has soared from nearly 77,800 families in 2018 to more than 432,000 in 2019.

"The shift in the demographics of flight from the north of Central America reflects a grim reality on the ground in the countries of origin where entire families are under threat and flee together to find safety," said Giovanni Bassu, Regional Representative for Central America and Cuba of UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency.

In communities characterized by extreme violence, gang attacks and criminal activities, young men, women and teenagers in northern Central America are particularly vulnerable. Violence, especially death threats associated with recruitment, directly affect children and adolescents. Children described facing several push factors, including different types of violence and the lack of opportunities and services in their countries. Adults described receiving threats by gangs aimed at their entire family, which led many to leave their community with all their children in order not to leave them at risk.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181125:

Amnesty International 18-11-16:

Från Honduras/ Key facts about the migrant caravans making their way to the USA till sidans topp

Groups of families, including many young people and small children escaping violence, poverty and persecution in Central America, are not a new phenomenon.

For several years, people have fled Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala and other countries to head north towards the USA.

Travelling as a group, many make the exhausting and dangerous journey through Mexico. Some travel with their children. Many have the aim of seeking protection as refugees in the USA or in Mexico.

However, the climate towards migrants and refugees has deteriorated sharply under the Trump administration, which has separated children from asylum-seeking parents, threatened to close the southern border to Central Americans and proposed paying the Mexican government millions of dollars to deport irregular migrants, among other hostile policies.

When did these recent movements of people begin?

The BBC reported that on 12 October 2018, around 160 people gathered at a bus terminal in the Honduran city of San Pedro Sula, ready to begin their long journey north; a journey they had been planning for more than a month.

By the time the group set off in the early hours of 13 October, more than 1,000 others had joined them. The group swelled in size and entered Mexico on 19 October. Many groups have followed them since then.

How big are these groups?

Estimates vary wildly, with some people returning home as others join the group or other new groups start the journey.

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SvT Utrikes 18-11-18: De flyr fattigdom och gängvåld (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 181018:

Amnesty International 18-10-16:

Från Honduras/ Honduran caravan is not a security threat but people with human rights till sidans topp

The Mexican government must listen to the stories of those fleeing Honduras and inform them of their right to seek asylum, said Amnesty International today in response to news that the Mexican government deployed its federal police chief to its southern border to await the arrival of a caravan of over 1,600 people from Honduras, including dozens of families and children.

"Mexican authorities should not take a Trump approach treating people like a security threat. These families deserve dignity and respect to ensure that no one is illegally returned to situations where they could risk serious harm due to violence," said Erika Guevara-Rosas, Americas Director at Amnesty International.

Amnesty International recently published a report that demonstrates that the Mexican government is failing to meet its treaty obligations under international law to respect the rights of those in need of international protection. The report found that 75% of a group of people surveyed by Amnesty International detained by Mexican migrations authorities were not informed of their right to seek asylum in Mexico.

"Mexican authorities must respect their obligations under international law and identify the needs of each individual member of the caravan, avoiding the detention of migrants at all costs, and prohibiting the detention of children."

Migrating without papers is not a crime, and many of these individuals could be fleeing violence in their home country with the intention of seeking asylum in Mexico. Prohibiting the entry of these people into Mexico and returning them to Honduras would be a breach of international law.

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Arkiveringsdatum 180528:

UNHCR 18-05-22:

Från Honduras/ UNHCR alarmed by sharp rise in forced displacement till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is seeing a significant increase in the number of people fleeing violence and persecution in the North of Central America. With many individuals on the move and in serious peril, we are calling on the international community to address their protection needs, while helping countries in the North of Central America address the root causes.

More than 294,000 asylum seekers and refugees from the North of Central America were registered globally as of the end of 2017, an increase of 58 per cent from a year earlier. This is sixteen times more people than at the end of 2011.

Applications for refugee status by people from this region are also increasing worldwide. Between 2011 and 2017, 350,000 refugee applications were made globally. Among them, nearly 130,500 were filed in 2017 alone.

The vast majority of those fleeing El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, are seeking refugee protection either to the north in Belize, Mexico and the United States, or (and increasingly) to the south in Costa Rica and Panama. Many are vulnerable women, or children either unaccompanied by or who have become separated from their families.

We hear repeatedly from people requesting refugee protection, including from a growing number of children, that they are fleeing forced recruitment into armed criminal gangs and death threats. As people journey across borders and onwards they face numerous dangers, including violence at the hands of criminal groups, often leaving women in particular vulnerable to sexual abuse and exploitation. Yet, faced in their home countries with high levels of homicide, particularly affecting women, as well as violence against women and LGBTI communities, people are taking these journeys out of desperation.

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, Sveriges Radio, SvT, andra svenska media via Nyhetsfilter och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media till exempel via Are You Syrious och Rights in Exile, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, Statewatch och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Asylrättscentrum, Svenska Amnesty, FARR och #vistårinteut samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

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