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El Salvador

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Arkivet har startat om och saknar material från perioden 180119 - 180513

Arkiveringsdatum 210111:

UNHCR 20-12-17:

Centralamerika/ Death threats and gang violence forcing more families to flee till sidans topp

Death threats, gang recruitment, extortion and other forms of targeted violence are driving more families in northern Central America to flee their homes and seek safety in other countries, a new UNHCR and UNICEF survey reveals today.

Nearly 20 per cent of over 3,100 interviewees in family units identified violence - including death threats, extortion, gang recruitment and domestic - as the main reason behind their decision to leave their communities. More than 30 per cent of unaccompanied children surveyed identified some type of violence as the main driver of their movement, which in turn affected their ability to access essential services, including going to school.

These survey findings help explain the dynamic behind the alarming 456 per cent spike in family units apprehended at the southern border of the United States of America last year. This number has soared from nearly 77,800 families in 2018 to more than 432,000 in 2019.

"The shift in the demographics of flight from the north of Central America reflects a grim reality on the ground in the countries of origin where entire families are under threat and flee together to find safety," said Giovanni Bassu, Regional Representative for Central America and Cuba of UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency.

In communities characterized by extreme violence, gang attacks and criminal activities, young men, women and teenagers in northern Central America are particularly vulnerable. Violence, especially death threats associated with recruitment, directly affect children and adolescents. Children described facing several push factors, including different types of violence and the lack of opportunities and services in their countries. Adults described receiving threats by gangs aimed at their entire family, which led many to leave their community with all their children in order not to leave them at risk.

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Arkiveringsdatum 200523:

Asylnytt 20-05-23:

Från El Salvador/ Domstol: Homosexuell kvinna kommer inte att få myndighetsskydd till sidans topp

En kvinna från El Salvador sökte asyl för att hon som homosexuell har utsatts för trakasserier flera gånger och har hotats av polis. Enligt Migrationsverket finns ingen generell förföljelse av homosexuella i El Salvador och att hon inte hade uttömt möjligheterna att få skydd av myndigheterna. Asylansökan avslogs. Migrationsdomstolen konstaterar att diskriminering på grund av sexuell läggning är förbjudet i El Salvador, men trots det utsätts homosexuella för trakasserier, våld och även dödligt våld. Organiserad brottslighet har inflytande i rättssystemet och straffriheten i dessa brott är hög. Kvinnan har bara vid något tillfälle gjort polisanmälan och inte inväntat resultatet eftersom en polis tipsade om att polisen inte kommer att skydda henne. Domstolen anser att detta visar att hon inte använt sig fullt ut av möjligheten till myndighetsskydd, men bedömer ändå att hon inte kommer att kunna räkna med samma skydd som andra medborgare. Därmed är inte heller internflykt aktuellt och det är inte rimligt att begära att hon ska vara diskret med sin läggning. Kvinnan får därför uppehållstillstånd med flyktingstatus. Domen är inte vägledande. Källa förvaltningsrätten i Göteborg.

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Arkiveringsdatum 200208:

Human Rights Watch 20-02-05:

Från El Salvador/ Deported Salvadorans Abused, Killed till sidans topp

The United States government is deporting Salvadorans to face risk of murder and other serious abuse, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today.

The 117-page report, "Deported to Danger: United States Deportation Policies Expose Salvadorans to Death and Abuse," identifies cases of 138 Salvadorans who, since 2013, were killed after deportation from the United States, and more than 70 others who were beaten, sexually assaulted, extorted, or tortured. Perpetrators of these abuses include gangs, former intimate partners, and Salvadoran police or security personnel.

"US authorities have knowingly put Salvadorans in harm's way by sending them to face murder and attacks on their safety," said Alison Parker, managing director of the US Program at Human Rights Watch and co-author of the report. "Salvadorans are facing murder, rape, and other violence after deportation in shockingly high numbers, while the US government narrows Salvadorans' access to asylum and turns a blind eye to the deadly results of its callous policies."

International law binding on the United States prohibits the return of anyone to a country where they face serious risks to their lives or safety. The United States is not solely responsible - Salvadoran gangs and Salvadoran authorities who harm deportees or who do little or nothing to protect them bear direct responsibility - but in many cases the United States is putting Salvadorans in harm's way in circumstances where it knows or should know that harm is likely.

In order to make the United States more capable of responding to the current realities of forced migration, Human Rights Watch calls on the United States to go beyond the narrow reach of its asylum laws by providing broad protection to anyone, like many of the Salvadorans featured in the report, who would face a real risk of serious harm upon return.

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Arkiveringsdatum 181125:

IOM 18-11-09:

El Salvador/ IOM conducts survey of one Central American migrant caravan till sidans topp

The UN Migration Agency (IOM) yesterday (08/11) released the results of a survey conducted among migrants that are part of a 'migrant caravan' that left from San Salvador on October 31st

Of the total sample analysed in the survey, it was found that 79.8 per cent of respondents said they joined the caravan seeking better quality of life. Another 45.7 per cent of respondents said they migrated due to insecurity or violence, while 2.9 per cent responded they were relocating for family reunification.

"These data indicate that the bulk of the people surveyed [cite] a multiplicity of reasons for migrating," said Jorge Peraza Breedy, IOM's Chief of Mission for El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala. "In most cases, they refer two different causes as factors that drove the decision to mobilize, and in many cases, up to three."

Some 60 per cent of those surveyed (286 people) came from the urban area. The study also determined that 83 per cent of individuals in this caravan, made up of approximately 1,700 people, are adults between 18 and 50 years old while 12 per cent are children and adolescents.

The gender breakdown of this caravan is 80 per cent male, 20 per cent female. Also, 8 per cent of those who claimed to be the head of a travel group (a person leading a group of migrants travelling together) identified themselves as members of the LGBTI community. An estimated 1.7 per cent of the travel groups included a pregnant woman, while 5.2 per cent of these included a lactating woman.

However, only 12.2 per cent of respondents stated that they knew about the mechanisms for requesting asylum, refuge or some other form of protection in their country of destination.

"This situation highlights the need to strengthen communication of these issues," said Peraza.

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Arkiveringsdatum 180528:

UNHCR 18-05-22:

Från Centralamerika/ UNHCR alarmed by sharp rise in forced displacement till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is seeing a significant increase in the number of people fleeing violence and persecution in the North of Central America. With many individuals on the move and in serious peril, we are calling on the international community to address their protection needs, while helping countries in the North of Central America address the root causes.

More than 294,000 asylum seekers and refugees from the North of Central America were registered globally as of the end of 2017, an increase of 58 per cent from a year earlier. This is sixteen times more people than at the end of 2011.

Applications for refugee status by people from this region are also increasing worldwide. Between 2011 and 2017, 350,000 refugee applications were made globally. Among them, nearly 130,500 were filed in 2017 alone.

The vast majority of those fleeing El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, are seeking refugee protection either to the north in Belize, Mexico and the United States, or (and increasingly) to the south in Costa Rica and Panama. Many are vulnerable women, or children either unaccompanied by or who have become separated from their families.

We hear repeatedly from people requesting refugee protection, including from a growing number of children, that they are fleeing forced recruitment into armed criminal gangs and death threats. As people journey across borders and onwards they face numerous dangers, including violence at the hands of criminal groups, often leaving women in particular vulnerable to sexual abuse and exploitation. Yet, faced in their home countries with high levels of homicide, particularly affecting women, as well as violence against women and LGBTI communities, people are taking these journeys out of desperation.

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Arkiveringsdatum 171027:

Asylnytt 17-10-00:

Från El Salvador/ Flykt från gäng i El Salvador kan ge flyktingstatus enligt domstol till sidans topp

En man flydde från El Salvador efter att ha blivit attackerad av ett kriminellt gäng som misstänkte att han tillhörde ett annat gäng. När angriparna försäkrat sig om att så inte var fallet krävde de istället att han skulle samarbeta och samla information åt dem. Mannen vågade inte gå till polisen men höll sig undan tills han lyckats skaffa pengar för att fly. Migrationsverket ansåg att mannen borde ha sökt skydd av polisen i hemlandet om han behövde skydd. Det talar också emot honom att han klarade sig flera månader i hemlandet och att han dröjde en månad med att söka asyl i Sverige. Migrationsdomstolen tillför målet UNHCR:s rapport om flyktingar från El Salvador där det framgår att myndigheternas skydd inte fungerar samt att personer som vänt sig till polisen riskerar allvarliga repressalier från gängen. Mannen beviljas uppehållstillstånd med flyktingstatus. Domen är inte vägledande. (Källor InfoTorg Juridik och förvaltningsrätten i Stockholm)

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, Sveriges Radio, SvT, andra svenska media via Nyhetsfilter och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media till exempel via Are You Syrious och Rights in Exile, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, Statewatch och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Asylrättscentrum, Svenska Amnesty, FARR och #vistårinteut samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

Bevakning: Hjalte Lagercrantz och Sanna Vestin. Sammanställning: Sanna Vestin. Asylnytt är ett ideellt projekt. Sponsring avser prenumerationsavgifter. Tips emottages tacksamt.