Mottagande och bemštande av asylsškande

AllmŠnt om mottagande fšr barn

Information frŒn myndigheter och organisationer

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Arkivet har startat om och saknar material frŒn perioden 180119 - 180513

Arkiveringsdatum 190123:

Migrationsverket 19-01-16:

Migrationsverket om motsŠttningar mellan barn, god man, bitrŠde och vŒrdnadshavare till sidans topp

Detta stŠllningstagande innehŒller vŠgledning fšr dig pŒ Migrationsverket som arbetar med handlŠggning av asylsškande barns Šrenden och avser situationer dŒ motsŠttningar eller intressekonflikter uppstŒtt mellan ett asylsškande barn och dess vŒrdnadshavare samt de švriga aktšrer som Šr, eller kan komma att bli, involverade i handlŠggningen av barnets Šrende.

Dokumentet syftar till att du ska fŒ vŠgledning gŠllande bland annat fšljande.

+ Barnets rŠttigheter samt vŒrdnadshavares och andra aktšrers skyldighet att bevaka barnets rŠttigheter.

+ Vem som fšretrŠder barnet och hur vi bšr agera dŒ motsŠttningar eller intressekonflikter uppstŒtt mellan barnet och dess vŒrdnadshavare eller annan fšretrŠdare.

+ Hur vi bšr agera dŒ motsŠttningar eller intressekonflikter uppstŒtt mellan barnets vŒrdnadshavare och det offentliga bitrŠdet eller mellan barnets tvŒ vŒrdnadshavare.

+ Vem som Šr fšretrŠdare dŒ barnet Šr omhŠndertaget med stšd av LVU.

+ SekretessbestŠmmelser vid motsŠttningar eller intressekonflikter.

Det finns andra aspekter pŒ ovanstŒende situationer, som Šr av praktisk och processuell karaktŠr. Den typen av vŠgledning Œterfinns i exempelvis Migrationsverkets standarder och administrativa beslut. Ytterligare rŠttslig vŠgledning finns Šven att hŠmta i Migrationsverkets rŠttsliga stŠllningstaganden avseende angrŠnsande Šmnen.

HŠmta dokumentet, SR 02/2019 (Extern lŠnk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 181231:

EuroparŒdet 18-12-18:

Children in migration must be informed about their rights till sidans topp

Children in migration have the right to be informed about their rights. Such information is crucial for having their voice heard and enabling them to participate in procedures affecting them. These children, despite being one of the most vulnerable groups in Europe today, face barriers in access to information that is child-friendly and age-appropriate.

In response to these challenges, on the occasion of the International Migrants Day marked today, the Council of Europe, has launched the Handbook for frontline professional on how to convey child-friendly information to children in migration.

The Special Representative of the Secretary General on Migration and Refugees Tom‡? Bo?ek said: "The protection of refugee and migrant children is a one of the priorities among the activities of the Council of Europe. Developed in the framework of the Action Plan on protecting refugee and migrant children, the handbook on child-friendly information is crucial for keeping children safe and able to access their rights. This handbook also addresses one of the main challenges countries are facing today," said.

The handbook includes examples of promising practices implemented around Europe, practical tips to highlight ways to implement this guidance in practice, specific situations or risk factors that would increase a child's vulnerability or increase the barriers in access to rights; questions children may have at different stages of their journey; children's recommendations; "golden rules" for each context.

Quotes from children, too, make part of the book. " In class, there are some who are a little embarrassed, others who are shy and others who are ashamed of not knowing. They feel stuck, blocked. Everyone has his story. There are some who are there, they are in class but in their head they are elsewhere. They think of their past. Sometimes people are scared, their situation is very complicated, it's not easy," - says 15-year-old Hafidjou.

The book is launched under the Strategy for the Rights of the Child (2016-2021).

LŠs mer, ladda ner handboken och lŠs intervju med fšrfattaren (Extern lŠnk)

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EASO 18-12-19:

New EASO Guidance on reception conditions for unaccompanied children till sidans topp

EASO has published a new Guidance on reception conditions for unaccompanied children: operational standards and indicators.

This new EASO Guidance on reception conditions complements the first guidance published in September 2016, with a focus on unaccompanied children. The overall objective of this guidance is to support Member States in the implementation of key provisions of the Reception Conditions Directive, ensuring an adequate standard of living for unaccompanied children and taking into account their special reception needs.

This Guidance represents one of the key measures identified by the April 2017 "communication from the Commission to the European parliament and the Council on the protection of children in migration", which gave a mandate to EASO to develop "specific guidance on operational standards and indicators on material reception conditions for unaccompanied children, in addition to the guidance on reception conditions already developed (in 2016) that apply to all asylum seekers"

This second guidance describes the reception conditions of unaccompanied children as a particular vulnerable group, with partly the same chapters adapted to their special needs and some new chapters as they are specifically relevant for this target group like: information, participation and representation of the unaccompanied children; identification, assessments and response to special needs and safety risks; day-to-day care; staff and finally education, schooling and vocational training.

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Guiden pŒ engelska (Extern lŠnk till pdf-fil)

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UNHCR december 2018:

I want to feel safe - Strengthening protection in reception of separated children till sidans topp

Strengthening child protection in the initial reception of unaccompanied and separated children in Sweden

This report is the outcome of the Child Protection project - also known as Co-Lab 2.0 - that was initiated in 2017 by UNHCR's Regional Representation for Northern Europe in reponse to the migration situation of 2015 when Sweden received an unprecedented number of unaccompanied and separated children on the move. In partnership with the Swedish policy lab, Fšrnyelselabbet, innovative design methods were used to explore how to strengthen child protection policies and procedures in the first days following their arrival. This period is the most critical in ensuring the long-term safety of the child, as decisions made here have a lasting impact on the children, their trust in the Swedish society, and their willingness to stay within the reception and child protection systems.

The essence of child protection - and the fundamental goal of this project - is to keep children safe, and to make them feel safe. Beyond their physical protection, this means ensuring that children are well-informed of their circumstances and have a say in matters that have an impact upon them. The main conclusion drawn from these extensive stakeholder consultations is that the reception system today does not adequately meet this basic need of newly arrived children in Sweden. Many of the reasons for this are the result of inherent structural and procedural gaps in the reception system that existed long before the migration situation of 2015.

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LŠs eller hŠmta rapporten (Extern lŠnk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170330:

Migrationsverket 17-03-24:

Migrationsverket svarar pŒ kritik frŒn Barnombudsmannen till sidans topp

Barnombudsmannen riktar i sin Œrsrapport fšr 2016 kritik mot Migrationsverkets sŠtt att handlŠgga Šrenden fšr barn i familj och ensamkommande barn.

- 2015 kom 70 000 asylsškande barn till Sverige. Fšr oss gŒr rŠttssŠkerheten fšrst, sŒ trots stora anstrŠngningar har handlŠggningstiderna blivit lŒnga, sŠger Fredrik Beijer, Migrationsverkets rŠttschef.

I Œrsrapporten fšr 2016 tar Barnombudsmannen, BO, upp kritik mot Migrationsverket pŒ flera punkter. BO skriver bland annat om lŒnga utredningstider, utredningssamtal som inte Šr tillrŠckligt anpassade till barn, brist pŒ sŠrskilda enheter och sŠrskilda utredare med barnkompetens samt osŠkra Œldersuppskrivningar.

Barnombudsmannen vill Šven ha en sŠrskild och oberoende funktion som inspekterar Migrationsverkets arbete med barnŠrenden.

Barnombudsmannens underlag bygger pΠintervjuer av runt 600 barn under 2016 och 2017.

tgŠrder

MŒnga av de brister Barnombudsmannen lyfter fram har Migrationsverket redan tidigare identifierat i de kvalitetsutredningar som gjorts - och inlett ŒtgŠrder fšr att komma till rŠtta med.

I fjol arbetade Migrationsverket huvudsakligen med de ansškningar som lŠmnades in under 2015. Att det dŒ kom šver 35 000 ensamkommande asylsškande och lika mŒnga barn i familjer, innebŠr att Migrationsverket har stŠllts infšr flera dilemman.

- Verket har sedan tidigare sŠrskilda asylenheter fšr barnŠrenden med medarbetare som har barnkompetens. Men nŠr det kommer sŒ mŒnga barn rŠcker dessa enheters resurser inte till pŒ lŒnga vŠgar, trots fšrstŠrkningar. DŠrfšr har vi varit tvungna att lŒta Šven andra asylenheter handlŠgga barnens Šrenden fšr att handlŠggningstiderna inte ska bli orimligt lŒnga, sŠger Fredrik Beijer.

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Barnombudsmannen 17-03-24:

BO: tgŠrder krŠvs fšr att sŠkerstŠlla barns rŠttssŠkerhet i asylutredningar till sidans topp

Barnombudsmannen vill Šndra utlŠnningslagen och fšra in barnspecifika asylskŠl samt skŠrpa kraven pŒ att Migrationsverkets asylutredningar anpassas till barn. Det Šr budskapet i Barnombudsmannens Œrsrapport som i dag lŠmnas till regeringen.

Barnombudsmannen har granskat hur de mŠnskliga rŠttigheterna respekteras fšr barn pŒ flykt. Vi har i kvalitativa samtal tagit del av 600 barns och ungas erfarenheter av att komma till Sverige och sška asyl. Vi har mštt barn i familj och ensamkommande barn. Hur upplevdes mottagandet? Vad tŠnker man som barn om asylprocessen? Vilka rŒd vill barnen ge makthavarna?

-NŠr barnen berŠttar om sin situation tar de upp tunga upplevelser, men ocksŒ sina framtidsdršmmar. Barnen uttrycker ofta tacksamhet mot Sverige, men Šr oroliga šver sin situation och šnskar att vuxna lyssnade mer pŒ det de har att berŠtta, sŠger barnombudsman Fredrik Malmberg.

Barn tar upp att det tog lŒng tid att bli registrerad som asylsškande, att utredningarna inte startar och att de sedan tar lŒng tid. Det upplever mŒnga barn som oerhšrt pŒfrestande. Barn beskriver ocksŒ hur utredningen inte anpassas till att de Šr barn, de har inte fšrstŒtt frŒgorna och mštena med Migrationsverket kan upplevas som otrygga. BŒde pojkar och flickor berŠttar att de inte har vŒgat eller orkat ta upp kŠnsliga saker som exempelvis švergrepp eller vŒld. Flickor som berŠttat om barnŠktenskap eller kšnsstympning har inte upplevt att de fŒtt fšljdfrŒgor eller att detta tagits pŒ allvar. Barn i familj fŒr ofta inte komma till tals alls och fŒr de det sŒ handlar frŒgorna inte om deras asylskŠl.

-Sverige Šr i grunden en vŠl fungerande rŠttsstat, men rŠttssŠkerheten mŒste ocksŒ omfatta barn som sšker asyl i Sverige. De brister barnen beskriver i utredningarna och mšjligheten att fŒ fram sina asylskŠl vŠcker stor oro, sŠger Fredrik Malmberg.

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Hela pressmeddelandet (Extern lŠnk)

LŠs Barnombudsmannens fšrslag och hŠmta rapporten (Extern lŠnk)

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