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The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) published a Country of Origin Information (COI) report entitled 'Pakistan Country Overview'. The report provides both general background information and more detailed information on topics relevant for international protection status determination in regard to Pakistani asylum seekers.
Pakistan has figured in the top 10 of countries of origin for many years, taking between third and sixth position in the years 2011-14 while absolute numbers have been steadily increasing over time. In 2014, 22 355 Pakistani nationals applied for international protection in the EU, a 5% increase compared to 2013. In the first six months of 2015, according to provisional EASO data, close to 15000 applicants from Pakistan were registered in the EU, indicating a further increase.
Intended as a reference document and a resource for preparing asylum interviews and asylum decision-making, the report includes general country Information (geography, demography, short history, state structure and political landscape, education, media and telecommunication, health care, socio-economic and humanitarian situation, documents), as well as more detailed information on the general and regional security situation in Pakistan. A chapter on the human rights situation provides an overview of common violations and focuses on specific risk groups, ethnic minorities, religious groups and sexual and gender minorities. A last chapter is dedicated to migration, displacement and internal mobility. The report covers the period up until May 2015.
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UNHCR is alarmed that recent deportations of asylum-seekers from Sri Lanka are growing in size and scope despite international calls to stop sending them back to a place where their lives could be in danger.
In all, 88 Pakistanis have been sent home since August 1. Initially, the deportees were men who had been placed into detention. Now, we are seeing whole families being deported.
The first case happened on August 3 when a detained man was sent back to Pakistan, followed two days later by his wife and daughter, picked up from their home. A family of six was sent back last Saturday, followed by another couple and two siblings yesterday. In all, there are now 11 women and eight children among the deported.
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The UN refugee agency is deeply concerned about the recent deportation of Pakistani asylum-seekers from Sri Lanka.
The Sri Lankan Department of Immigration and Emigration has confirmed that 18 asylum-seekers of Pakistani origin who were registered with UNHCR were deported in the last two days. There are fears that 10 more people could follow tomorrow.
UNHCR is dismayed by these actions of the Government of Sri Lanka. This comes in the wake of continuous discussions that were held with the Ministry of External Affairs and the Ministry of Defence and Urban Development, since a special operation to arrest asylum-seekers and refugees began on 9 June 2014.
To date a total of 214 Pakistani and Afghan people of concern to UNHCR have been arrested and held in two detention centres. UNHCR continues to seek access to them to determine their need for international protection.
The deportation goes against the principle of no forced return, or non-refoulement, enshrined in international customary law. This principle is binding on all States and precludes them from sending asylum-seekers and refugees to a country where their life or freedom would be threatened. Returning an individual to a country where he or she would face a risk of torture is also prohibited under the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
UNHCR appeals to the Sri Lankan authorities to uphold their responsibilities under international law and ensure full respect for the rights of people in need of international protection. The organization stands ready to work closely with the Government of Sri Lanka in addressing refugee-related matters.
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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, svenska media via Eniro och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media främst via I Care och IRR, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, ENAR, Statewatch, Noborder och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Röda Korset, Svenska Amnesty, FARR, Rosengrenska och InfoTorg Juridik (betaltjänst) samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.
Sammanställning: Sanna Vestin. Asylnytt är ett ideellt projekt.