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Pakistan

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Arkiveringsdatum 120521:

UNHCR 12-05-14:

Från Pakistan: Guidelines for Protection Needs of Members of Religious Minoritiestill sidans topp

These Guidelines are issued against a backdrop of ongoing freedom of religion and belief issues, as well as sectarian and religiously-motivated violence in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Pakistan). They contain information on the particular profiles of religious minorities for which international protection needs may arise in the current context in Pakistan.1 UNHCR's recommendations, as set out in detail in these Guidelines, may be summarized as follows.

All asylum claims based on the refugee criteria contained in the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees2 (1951 Convention) and/or its 1967 Protocol3 need to be considered on their own merits according to fair and efficient status determination procedures and up-to-date and relevant country of origin information.

UNHCR considers that asylum claims made by members of religious minorities require particularly careful examination of possible risks. UNHCR considers that members of religious minorities with the profiles described below may, depending on the individual circumstances of the case, be in need of international refugee protection. These risk profiles, while not necessarily exhaustive, include members of the (i) Ahmadi; (ii) Christian; (iii) Hindu; (iv) Sikh; (v) Baha'i; (vi) Shia; and (vii) Sufi / Barelvi communities.

In the context of Pakistan, an internal flight or relocation alternative (IFA/IRA) will generally not be available in Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, as well as Balochistan province, which are currently affected by sustained security and military counter-insurgency operations and retaliatory militant attacks. Given the sustained religiously-motivated sectarian violence and the wide geographic reach of some armed militant groups, an IFA/IRA will generally not be available to individuals at risk of being targeted by such groups. Furthermore, UNHCR does not generally consider internal flight as a relevant option in cases where an individual is liable to criminal prosecution under the country's blasphemy and/or anti-Ahmadi laws.

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, svenska media via Eniro och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media främst via I Care och IRR, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, ENAR, Statewatch, Noborder och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Röda Korset, Svenska Amnesty, FARR, Rosengrenska och InfoTorg Juridik (betaltjänst) samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

Sammanställning: Sanna Vestin. Asylnytt är ett ideellt projekt.