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Arkivet har startat om och saknar material från perioden 180119 - 180513

Arkiveringsdatum 190318:

ECRE 19-03-01:

Summit overshadowed by document thwarting EU plans for 'disembarkation platforms' till sidans topp

In a leaked African Union (AU) position paper, African States reinforce their unwillingness to host regional disembarkation platforms. The paper that was leaked during the European Union (EU) - Arab League of States (ALS) gathering in Egypt, where many of its co-signers were present, represents a set-back for EU's migration control agenda. According to the position paper the EU's plans do not comply with international law.

Last summer the EU announced plans to install "regional disembarkation platforms", "in cooperation with third countries" that should allow for "distinguishing individual situations". The EU has not provided further details on the content or legal framework of the concept. The "common African position paper" by the body of 55 African states holds that the regional disembarkation platforms would "breach international law" by establishing "de facto detention centres" on African soil. "African capitals worry that this plan will see the establishment of something like modern-day slave markets, with the 'best' Africans being allowed into Europe and the rest tossed back - and it is not far from the truth", says the paper cited in the Guardian.

The AU fears that the summit with the ALS is "about the EU trying to work on some countries to cooperate". It advises its coastal states against cooperation, but is concerned that some members could be persuaded to commit to bilateral agreements in exchange for development funds.

Similar arrangements with Libya where detention in degrading conditions and severe human rights violations have drawn criticism from human rights organisations as well as the UN. On the bilateral level, Spain and France have bulked up cooperation with Moroccan and Libyan coastguards last week despite concerns that these agreements could lead to a rising death toll on the Mediterranean and the return to abuse of those rescued.

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Statewatch 19-03-02:

Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (GAMM) update report till sidans topp

The Commission Services together with the EEAS (European External Action Service) have produced the latest: GAMM update.

This document provides an updated overview of the main external migration dialogues and processes implemented in the framework of the EU Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (GAMM). The document is compiled for the information of the EU High Level Working Group on Asylum and Migration by the responsible European Commission services, in association with the EEAS..."

GAMM

The first initiative was set up in December 2005 at an Informal Summit at Hampton Court Palace as: "The Global approach to migration: Priority actions focussing on Africa and the Mediterranean". This later became the: "Global Approach to Migration and Mobility" (GAMM) and saw migration as a prominent effect of globalisation and called for dialogue, cooperation and tackling the "root causes of migration", for example by the "eradication of poverty in regions of origin."

The GAMM Annex covers dozens of meetings and events:

Part 1 - The regional processes

A. Prague Process

B. Eastern Partnership Panel on Migration and Asylum

C. Budapest Process

D. Africa-EU Migration and Mobility Dialogue

E. Rabat Process

F. Khartoum Process

G. ACP-EU Migration Dialogue

H. Valletta Summit Follow-up

I. EU-CELAC Migration Dialogue

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Human Rights Watch 19-03-14:

NGOs calling to end the humanitarian and human rights crisis at Europe's borders till sidans topp

Dear European leaders,

We, the 25 undersigned humanitarian, human rights and volunteer organizations call on you, in the run up to the third anniversary of the EU-Turkey deal, to take immediate and sustained action to end the unfair and unnecessary containment policy which is preventing asylum seekers from leaving the Greek islands. We also call on you to urgently reach a common responsibility-sharing agreement for hosting asylum seekers across EU Member States.

The policy that traps people on the Greek islands and prevents them from reaching the European mainland has caused a recurrent and endless cycle of overcrowding, substandard living conditions and extremely poor access to services: the European "hotspots" continue to provide accommodation and basic services, such as food and medical assistance, well below minimum standards. The European response in Greece has proven to have disastrous consequences on refugees' rights, including their health and safety. This has been exhaustively documented and brought to your attention through countless reports over the last three years[1].

As many as 20,000 asylum seekers were stranded in unsafe, unhygienic and degrading conditions on the Greek islands in 2018. Currently, around 12,000 people are still forced to live in inadequate reception and identification centers built for a maximum capacity of half this population: sleeping in unheated tents or overcrowded containers with limited access to running water and electricity, and often exposed to ongoing violence, harassment and exploitation, amid high tensions, lack of security and minimal protection.

(...)

Hela brevet med undertecknande organisationer (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190219:

EU-kommissionen 19-02-05:

Agreement on operational cooperation reached with Bosnia and Herzegovina till sidans topp

The heads of the negotiating teams initialled in January a status agreement that will allow teams from the European Border and Coast Guard Agency to be deployed in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Once in force, the agreement will allow the Agency to carry out joint operations with and within Bosnia and Herzegovina, especially in the event of sudden migratory challenges.

The Commission has committed to further strengthening the European Border and Coast Guard Agency's role in protecting the EU's borders, including closer cooperation with the EU's neighbours. Status agreements like the one initialled with Bosnia and Herzegovina will reinforce the Agency's ability to act in the EU's immediate neighbourhood, helping to manage irregular migration better and further enhancing security at the EU's external borders.

Closer cooperation between the Agency and Western Balkan partners is also a core element of the Commission's strategy for 'A credible enlargement perspective for and enhanced EU engagement with the Western Balkans', which highlights the Western Balkans' European future and calls for enhanced strategic and operational cooperation on migration and border management.

Notisen (Extern länk)

Se motsvarande pressreleaser om avtal med Montenegro, Albanien, Nordmakedonien och Serbien (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 190209:

IOM 19-01-25:

Migrant voluntary return and reintegration assistance suspended in Mali till sidans topp

IOM Mali has temporarily suspended assisted voluntary return and reintegration (AVRR) services for roughly 1,500 migrants to better assess their eligibility after evidence surfaced suggesting that attempts were being made to take advantage of this service.

"We came to realize there was the potential for our humanitarian efforts to be exploited by people who were not entitled to assistance," said Michele Bombassei, IOM's migrant protection and assistance specialist for West and Central Africa. "That undermines IOM's ability to help truly vulnerable migrants who meet eligibility criteria."

"We are reviewing hundreds of pending AVRR cases at our ad-hoc transit centres in Bamako and will resume our efforts once we are satisfied that the assistance is being provided to the people who are most in need," Bombassei added.

Since its launch in December 2016, the EU-IOM Joint Initiative for Migrant Protection and Reintegration (Joint Initiative) has provided return and reintegration assistance to over 51,000 people stranded along the migratory routes from West and Central Africa to North Africa and Europe. Vulnerable migrants like these can request IOM's assistance to return home in a voluntary, dignified and humane manner, and once there, access reintegration support.

In mid-November 2018, the IOM mission in Mali noticed an unprecedented peak in the number of returnees requesting help that did not match the typical flows of people across the Malian borders with Algeria and Mauritania.

In early January the Organization advised migrants sheltered at Bamako transit centres that their applications were being thoroughly reviewed to ensure they meet the Joint Initiative's eligibility requirements.

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Cyprus Presidency 19-01- 29:

Summit of the Southern European Union Countries - Nicosia Declaration till sidans topp

/Utdrag av Statewatch:/

"17. Effective reform of the Common European Asylum System, through the swift adoption of the entire comprehensive package of interconnected legislative proposals, should guarantee solidarity and responsibility among the Member States. In addition, the disembarkation of rescued migrants in the Mediterranean should be addressed through permanent solutions, based on the principles of solidarity, responsibility and in the framework of international law, ensuring their order to safeguarding of lives in the Mediterranean. We take into account the pressure on those Member States that are most exposed and already contribute to the rescue of people in danger.

18. Progress has already been achieved, as reflected by the decrease of detected illegal border crossings but migratory routes, such as those running through the Eastern, Central and Western Mediterranean, continue to require close attention. In this regard, the sustained and non-discriminatory implementation of the EU-Turkey Joint Statement of 18 March 2016 and the full and effective implementation of the EU-Turkey readmission agreement and cooperation with all EU Member States in Justice and Home Affairs matters remains essential..."

Deklarationen i sin helhet (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 181218:

EU-kommissionen 18-12-07:

Beslut om avtal om gränskontroll mellan EU och Serben till sidans topp

Förslag till RÅDETS BESLUT om ingående av statusavtalet mellan Europeiska unionen och Republiken Serbien om åtgärder som genomförs av Europeiska gräns- och kustbevakningsbyrån i Republiken Serbien

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EUBAM 18-12-17:

EUBAM Libya becomes a fully-fledged civilian CSDP mission till sidans topp

Today, the Council adopted a decision mandating the EU integrated border management assistance mission in Libya (EUBAM Libya) to actively support the Libyan authorities in contributing to efforts to disrupt organised criminal networks involved in smuggling migrants, human trafficking and terrorism. The mission was previously mandated to plan for a future EU civilian mission while engaging with the Libyan authorities.

The mission's revised mandate will run until 30 June 2020. The Council also allocated a budget of € 61.6 million for the period from 1 January 2019 to 30 June 2020.

In order to achieve its objectives EUBAM Libya provides capacity-building in the areas of border management, law enforcement and criminal justice. The mission advises the Libyan authorities on the development of a national integrated border management strategy and supports capacity building, strategic planning and coordination among relevant Libyan authorities. The mission will also manage as well as coordinate projects related to its mandate.

EUBAM Libya responds to a request by the Libyan authorities and is part of the EU's comprehensive approach to support the transition to a democratic, stable and prosperous Libya. The civilian mission co-operates closely with, and contributes to, the efforts of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya.

The mission's headquarters are located in Tripoli and the Head of Mission is Vincenzo Tagliaferri (from Italy).

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Arkiveringsdatum 181204:

Frontex 18-11-27:

Frontex opens first risk analysis cell in Niger till sidans topp

Last week, Frontex, the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, opened the first "Risk Analysis Cell" in Niamey in cooperation with Nigerien authorities.

The role of these cells, which are run by local analysts trained by Frontex, is to collect and analyse strategic data on cross-border crime in various African countries and support relevant authorities involved in border management.

This data includes information on illegal border crossings, document fraud, trafficking in human beings and other types of cross-border crime. It is shared with authorities at national and regional level to produce analysis and policy recommendations, as well as with Frontex.

The Risk Analysis Cell in Niger is the first of eight such cells that was established in the framework of the Africa-Frontex Intelligence Community (AFIC). The remaining ones will be established in Ghana, Gambia, Senegal, Kenya, Nigeria, Guinea and Mali over the next twelve months.

Cooperation between Frontex and 26 members of AFIC is a key element in battling cross-border crime and security threats affecting African countries and the EU.

AFIC was launched in 2010 to provide a framework for regular information sharing about migrant smuggling and border security threats. It foresees close cooperation with a number of countries along the main smuggling routes. This is done through a series of training activities to develop national and regional strategies to fight cross-border crime. It also includes setting up integrated border management systems, as well as improving the collection, sharing and analysis of relevant data.

In addition to Frontex officials, the opening of the Risk Analysis Cell in Niger included representatives from Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, EUCAP Sahel Niger and other international partners present on the spot.

The project is financed by the European Commission (DG DEVCO).

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Arkiveringsdatum 181125:

Amnesty International 18-11- 12:

Cruel European migration policies leave refugees trapped in Libya with no way out till sidans topp

A year after shocking images purporting to show human beings being bought and sold in Libya caused a global outcry, the situation for migrants and refugees in the country remains bleak and in some respects has worsened, said Amnesty International.

Findings published by the organization today highlight how EU member states' policies to curb migration, as well as their failure to provide sufficient resettlement places for refugees, continue to fuel a cycle of abuse by trapping thousands of migrants and refugees in appalling conditions in Libyan detention centres.

"One year after video footage showing human beings being bought and sold like merchandise shocked the world, the situation for refugees and migrants in Libya remains bleak," said Heba Morayef, Middle East and North Africa Director for Amnesty International.

"Cruel policies by EU states to stop people arriving on European shores, coupled with their woefully insufficient support to help refugees reach safety through regular routes, means that thousands of men, women and children are trapped in Libya facing horrific abuses with no way out."

Migrants and refugees in Libyan detention centres are routinely exposed to torture, extortion and rape.

The UN refugee agency (UNHCR) has registered 56,442 refugees and asylum seekers in Libya and has repeatedly called on European and other governments to offer resettlement to refugees stranded in Libya, including through evacuation to Niger. However, only 3,886 resettlement places have been pledged by 12 countries and in total just 1,140 refugees have been resettled from Libya and Niger so far. Italy separately evacuated 312 asylum seekers from Libya directly to Italy between December 2017 and February 2018, but no further evacuations took place until the resettlement of 44 refugees on 7 November.

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Hämta rapporten (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 181018:

ECRE 18-10-05:

EU Asylum, Borders and External Cooperation on Migration: Recent Developments till sidans topp

The European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) has updated its EU Asylum, Borders and External Cooperation on Migration: Recent Developments publication as of September 2018.

This in-depth analysis discusses key initiatives put forward by the EU in order to respond to migratory challenges, focusing on three major aspects: reforming the common European asylum system (CEAS), strengthening the EU's external borders and reinforcing the EU's external cooperation on migration. The paper builds on previous research and analysis delivered by the EPRS.

The paper discuss the improvement of the management of the external borders through a better use of IT systems. Further, it underlines the need to provide more legal pathways to Europe for people in need of international protection, through resettlement measures and migration compacts. Moreover, it addresses the various EU funding instruments that support migration-related projects in third countries, particularly in key countries of origin and transit such as Syria, Iraq, Turkey and African countries.

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) published a report on the human rights implications of proposals for interoperability of different information databases in the area of home affairs by supporting that while it can contribute to better decision-making and more efficient detection of missing children, data protection safeguards are needed to shield individuals against human rights violations.

UNHCR's "Projected Global Resettlement Needs in 2019" report reveals a widening gap between the number of refugees in need of resettlement and the places made available by governments around the world. According to the report, 1.4 million people are expected to be in need of resettlement in 2019, a 17% increase from 2018 levels, while the number of resettlement places dropped to 75,000 in 2017.

Artikeln med länkar till tidigare uppdateringar och kommentarer (Extern länk)

Sveriges Radio Ekot 18-10-12: Morgan Johansson: "EU ska inte kunna ingripa mot ett lands vilja" (Extern länk)

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Refugee Support Aegean 18-10-09:

The "hotspots" experiment: removing human rights from the equation till sidans topp

Gradually, hotspots on the Greek islands have acquired more characteristics far different to those initially announced in terms of their operation and human rights guarantees.

Everything shows that a new model of violent psychological deterrence has been established in Europe for those crossing borders irregularly and arrive in Greece. This model is based on the practice of geographical limitation and degrading first reception conditions.

The Greek hotspots have been transformed into areas where human rights are being systematically breached. It is extremely problematic that these breaches continue despite the fact that a number of international organizations supervise and contribute to the hotspot operations.

Despite the human misery inflicted by the measure of geographical restriction, the Greek authorities have persisted with its implementation as a means to implement the toxic EU-Turkey deal. The measure does not allow refugees to travel to the mainland and makes any referrals to proper accommodation according to the individuals' needs and vulnerabilities difficult. Meanwhile, transfer to the mainland remain very slow due to the reported lack of available places in camps there.

It is of particular importance that the way hotspots operate since the implementation of the deal has led parts of the local island communities to shift towards extreme conservative positions and on several occasions, racist attacks. However, for the political European elite this model is still considered successful. In one of the recent European summit, it was presented as a good practice to be implemented in the Central European countries according.

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Läs rapporterna från Chios, Kos, Leros, Lesvos och Samos (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180926:

Refugee Rights Europe / Harekact 18-08-27:

New research study finds EU-Turkey deal has pushed Lesvos to its breaking point till sidans topp

While much of the current media and policy attention is focused on the central Mediterranean route, due to the spike in deaths and the stand-off between European countries who are closing ports and hindering NGO search and rescue missions, Refugee Rights Europe releases a new report indicating that the situation on the Greek islands is more critical than ever.

The research report, published on 27 August 2018, found that the EU-Turkey Statement from March 2016 has contributed towards an increasingly urgent and tense environment on the island due to overcrowding, lack of capacity and resources, and unauthorised mobility. The situation has deteriorated at rapid pace and is now at absolute breaking point.

Declining morale and psychological conditions have led to heightened tensions and brawls, while a definitive shortage of resources leaves vulnerable populations in unacceptable conditions. Due to lack of space for new arrivals, some people are forced to live outside the camp leaving them at heightened risk of ill-health and insecurity.

The men, women and children on Lesvos - who all aspire to continue onto mainland Greece either to seek asylum there or to continue onto other countries such as Germany and Sweden - are trapped in overcrowded camps with no apparent end in sight and a constant fear of being returned to Turkey or their country of origin which they fled in the first place.

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Hämta rapporten: an island in despair (Extern länk)

Pressmeddelandet (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

Statewatch: Moria camp "dangerous to public health" and majority of detainees "never feel safe" (Extern länk)

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EU-kommissionen 18-09-20:

Frontex: avtal om operativt samarbete klart med Serbien till sidans topp

I dag paraferade kommissionär Dimitris Avramopoulos och Serbiens vice statsminister och tillika inrikesminister Neboj?a Stefanovi? ett statusavtal som gör att personal från Frontex (Europeiska gräns- och kustbevakningsbyrån) kan placeras i Serbien.

Frontex ska hjälpa Serbien med gränsförvaltningen och de båda parterna kan göra operationer tillsammans, särskilt om migrationsströmmarna plötsligt skulle komma att ändras.

- Dagens avtal är ytterligare en milstolpe i vårt samarbete med Serbien om migration, gränsförvaltning och säkerhet, säger Dimitris Avramopoulos, kommissionsledamot för migration, inrikes frågor och medborgarskap. Jag vill tacka de serbiska myndigheterna för att de har arbetat så hårt och engagerat sig i avtalet. Steg för steg får vi ett bättre skydd för EU:s yttre gränser genom att samarbeta närmare med våra partner, både i våra grannländer och i länder längre bort. Jag ser fram emot att snart få avtalet i hamn och hoppas att även de pågående förhandlingarna med andra partner på västra Balkan ska slutföras snabbt.

Stöd till och samarbete med länder utanför EU är av avgörande betydelse för skyddet av EU:s yttre gränser. Kommissionen stärkte 2016 Frontex mandat för att möjliggöra utstationeringar i EU:s grannländer. I förra veckan höll kommissionens ordförande Jean-Claude Juncker sitt tal om tillståndet i unionen 2018 och meddelade att kommissionen vill förstärka Frontex ytterligare och ge byrån rätt ambitionsnivå, så att man kan delta i gemensamma operationer och stationera ut personal i länder som inte ligger i EU:s omedelbara närhet.

Dagens statusavtal med Serbien är det tredje avtalet som paraferats med partnerländer på västra Balkan efter Albanien i februari och Makedonien i juli. Förhandlingar pågår med Montenegro samt Bosnien och Hercegovina.

Vad händer nu?

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180819:

Utrikesdepartementet 18-08-03:

Faktapromemoria: Rubriken "Grannskapet och omvärlden" i EU:s fleråriga budget till sidans topp

/Fakta-PM om flera förslag från EU-kommissionen, bland annat COM (2018) 460, Förslag till Europaparlamentets och rådets förordning om inrättande av instrumentet för grannskapspolitik, utvecklingssamarbete och internationellt samarbete./

(...) Detta förslag innebär att Europeiska utvecklingsfonden (EUF) införlivas inom budgetramen (tidigare låg fonden, för stöd till länder i Afrika, Västindien och Stillahavsområdet, utanför budgetramen). Det samlade instrumentet ska ha öronmärkta budgetanslag efter geografisk region och även möjliggöra global, tematisk finansiering. Instrumentet kommer också att inkludera finansiering av snabbinsatser för bl. a krishantering och konfliktförebyggande och en buffert för nya utmaningar och prioriteringar för flexibel hantering av befintliga eller nya akuta prioriteringar, särskilt när det gäller stabilitet och migration. (...)

Regeringen välkomnar inkluderingen av EUF inom budgetramen samt KOM:s allmänna ansats att förenkla strukturen för de externa instrumenten, även om det i sammanhanget också anses viktigt att ta hänsyn till de förutsättningar som råder vad gäller särskilda bestämmelser för bland annat finansiering av insatser för främjandet av de mänskliga rättigheterna, demokrati och rättsstatens principer, samt att grannskapsstödets särskilda karaktär bevaras.

Regeringens har fastställt fem övergripande prioriteringar inför nästa fleråriga budgetram. Regeringen vill sätta ett utgiftstak som inte överstiger 1 % av EU:s BNI. Den svenska avgiften ska även hållas nere. Regeringen vill se en modern budget med omprioriteringar till fördel för gemensamma åtgärder som säkerhet, migration, konkurrenskraft, forskning, miljö och klimatomställning. Länder som inte tar sitt ansvar i migrationspolitiken, anser regeringen, bör inte få tillgång till stöd från EU på samma sätt som idag. Regeringen vill även se en mer effektiv kontroll av hur EU-medel används. Mervärdet i alla enskilda delar av kommissionens förslag behöver granskas kritiskt.

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Arkiveringsdatum 180804:

Human Rights Watch 18-07-25:

Disputes over rescues put lives at risk till sidans topp

The European Union's obstruction of nongovernmental rescues and handover of responsibility to Libyan coast guard forces is a recipe for even greater loss of life in the Mediterranean and a continuing cycle of abuse for people trapped in Libya, Human Rights Watch said today.

"The EU's efforts to block rescues and dithering on where rescued people can land, propelled by Italy's hard-line and heartless approach, is leading to more deaths at sea and greater suffering in Libya," said Judith Sunderland, associate Europe and Central Asia director at Human Rights Watch. "Instead of discouraging rescues by nongovernmental organizations, commercial vessels, and even military ships, EU member states and institutions should ensure that rescued people can be taken to safe ports where their protection needs can be met."

In a visit to Libya in early July, Human Rights Watch interviewed Libyan coast guard forces, dozens of detained refugees and migrants in four official detention centers in Tripoli, Zuwara, and Misrata, and officials from international organizations. The detained asylum seekers and migrants interviewed made serious allegations of abuse by guards and smugglers, and some reported aggressive behavior by coast guard forces during rescue operations at sea. Human Rights Watch confirmed that Libyan coast guard forces lack the capacity to ensure safe and effective search-and-rescue operations.

Since his government came to power in early June, Italy's deputy prime minister and interior minister, Matteo Salvini, has campaigned against nongovernmental rescue organizations operating in the Mediterranean and refused or delayed ships from disembarking hundreds of vulnerable people rescued at sea in Italy, including military and commercial vessels. On July 23, the Italian government announced it would allow military ships participating in EUNAVFOR MED, the EU's anti-smuggling operation, to disembark in Italy for five weeks while they renegotiate the mission's operational plan.

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Arkiveringsdatum 180718:

EU-kommissionen 18-07-06:

Added €90.5 million to border management and protection of migrants in North Africa till sidans topp

The European Commission today has approved 3 new migration-related programmes in Northern Africa totalling more than €90 million.

This follows last week's European Council's conclusions in which Leaders committed to stepping up support along the Central Mediterranean route. The new programmes under the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa will increase EU assistance to refugees and vulnerable migrants and improve partner countries' ability to better manage their borders.

High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini commented: "Today's new programmes will step up our work to managing migration flows in a humane and sustainable way, by saving and protecting lives of refugees and migrants and providing them with assistance and by fighting against traffickers and smugglers. It is our integrated approach that combines our action at sea, our work together with partner countries along the migratory routes, including inside Libya, and in the Sahel. This work has already brought results and will bring more if member states will be consistent with the commitments they have been taking since the establishment of the Trust Fund at the Valletta summit, in 2015."

Commissioner for European Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations, Johannes Hahn, added: "Partnership is key to respond to the challenges posed by irregular migration. By working together with our southern neighbours we can tackle this challenge and bring benefits to the partner countries, the migrants and Europe. Today's new programmes will provide support to authorities to improve border management but at the same time will also ensure protection and emergency assistance for vulnerable migrants."

The newly adopted €90.5 million in assistance will fund 3 programmes, which will complement ongoing EU efforts in the region:

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Arkiveringsdatum 180702:

Rådet 18-06-29:

Flyktingfaciliteten i Turkiet: medlemsländerna eniga om ytterligare finansiering till sidans topp

Den 29 juni 2018 enades EU:s 28 medlemsländer om hur de ska finansiera ett bidrag på ytterligare 3 miljarder euro till EU:s facilitet för flyktingar i Turkiet, till stöd för syriska flyktingar.

Efter att en politisk överenskommelse nåtts vid Europeiska rådets möte bekräftade EU-länderna vid mötet i Ständiga representanternas kommitté (Coreper) att 2 miljarder euro ska tas från EU:s budget och att återstående 1 miljard euro ska utgöras av bidrag från EU-länderna, i proportion till deras andel av EU:s BNI.

Genom överenskommelsen uppfyller EU sitt åtagande i uttalandet från EU och Turkiet den 18 mars 2016 att tillhandahålla en andra utbetalning på 3 miljarder euro till flyktingfaciliteten innan det första anslaget på 3 miljarder euro helt har tagit slut. Därmed kan kommissionen förbereda konkreta åtgärder för att göra ytterligare medel tillgängliga för flyktingar.

Genom faciliteten har flyktingar i Turkiet bland annat fått humanitärt bistånd och socioekonomiskt stöd och hjälp med hälso- och sjukvård och utbildning.

Tack vare överenskommelsen om den andra utbetalningen kan projekt på viktiga områden, exempelvis utbildning av barnflyktingar, fortsätta utan avbrott när kontrakt inom ramen för den första utbetalningen löper ut.

Jämfört med 2016, när man beslutade om hur den första utbetalningen skulle finansieras, finns det inte längre ett lika trängande behov av att snabbt göra en stor summa pengar tillgänglig. EU-länderna ansåg därför att betalningsåtagandena återigen bör fördelas över två år - 2018 och 2019 - men att avtalsperioden bör förlängas till 2020. På så sätt minskar trycket på EU:s årliga budgetar, som finansierar en större andel den här gången än vid den första utbetalningen.

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Arkiveringsdatum 180625:

Human Rights Watch 18-06-18:

Towards an effective and principled EU migration policy till sidans topp

Recommendations for Reform

The arrival of over one million asylum seekers and migrants in 2015 set off a political crisis in the European Union (EU), the effects of which are still being felt today. The chaos at borders and the strain on unprepared and under-resourced national asylum systems laid bare serious deficiencies in the EU asylum system.

EU institutions and national governments are drawing the wrong lessons from the challenges of managing mixed migration flows since 2015. The focus of EU policy over the past three years has been on preventing arrivals, outsourcing responsibility to countries outside the EU, and downgrading refugee protection inside the EU.

The current policy responses to migration and asylum from EU institutions and governments pose serious human rights concerns and threaten the integrity of the international refugee protection system. A different approach is possible and necessary. The paper presents Human Rights Watch's recommendations towards an effective and principled approach that ensures EU global leadership on refugee protection, preserves the right to asylum, more equitably shares responsibility among EU member states, safeguards the rights of all migrants and allows EU governments to control their borders.

The EU's Current Approach

Outsourcing Responsibility

"Externalization"-the prevention of irregular arrivals by outsourcing migration management and border controls to regions and countries outside the EU, including the processing of refugees and asylum seekers-has become a central plank in the EU's response to mixed migration flows. Externalization is not per se harmful as a policy approach. It can lead to improvements in protection capacity in transit countries and countries of first arrival. However, in practice, EU externalization policy often leads to the violation of people's rights.

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Amnesty International 18-06-22:

Europe's asylum system is broken and leaders must fix it till sidans topp

There is an urgent need for a new asylum system that is fair, efficient and compassionate said Amnesty International ahead of a mini-Summit of European leaders this Sunday and the European Council meeting next week.

EU heads of state and government are expected to use the events to discuss measures to strengthen further control of the EU external borders and the reform of the Dublin Regulation.

"Instead of concentrating on striking an agreement on Dublin reform, some EU leaders have come up with a last-minute pitch of having docking platforms for refugees and asylum-seekers - a notion as irresponsible as it is dangerous," said Iverna McGowan, Director of Amnesty International's European Institutions Office.

"The challenges of our times demand more courageous leadership from the Council. The people of Europe and those seeking refuge deserve no less."

Recently leaked draft Council Conclusions include measures like stepping up support for the Libyan Coast Guard and other Libyan entities. This approach has led to human rights violations and with people sent back to Libya suffering further abuses including torture, rape and other forms of violence.

"The logic of passing the responsibility for receiving asylum-seekers and refugees to neighbouring countries either inside or outside Europe, is deeply flawed and not sustainable. Member States must find solidarity-based solutions both amongst themselves and with the regions outside Europe," said Iverna McGowan.

"By referring to the EU's founding principles of respect for human rights and solidarity between member states, this generation of European leaders must deliver a sustainable solution to one of the most pressing issues of our time."

Background

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UNHCR 18-06-22:

Statement of UN High Commissioner Filippo Grandi on Europe and asylum till sidans topp

The upcoming meetings of the EU in Brussels on asylum and migration come three years after the Mediterranean crisis, when more than a million desperate people crossed the sea to Europe. Despite today's dramatically lower arrival rates, the shockwaves of that event still reverberate - at the political level, and in the tendency towards restrictive, unilateral approaches that some European countries have pursued in dealing with refugees and migrants since then. The moment has come to change things for the better. And today I am urging European States to seize this opportunity to find a new and united approach that answers the shared needs of all countries to be able to manage their borders and their migration policies, in a way that simultaneously upholds the European and international asylum standards that emerged from the Second World War.

This is achievable. But coherence and unity have been absent from Europe's approach, and for too long. Countries that are bound together by geography, cultures and values have found themselves divided over asylum and the question of how to protect people fleeing persecution, conflict, and war. This culminated most recently in the Aquarius incident of early June, in which a boat carrying some 600 people rescued at sea was denied permission to land for several days. Such events put lives and international norms of rescue at sea at risk, and should never happen.

UNHCR is here to help. We are ready to work with European states in developing a way forward that is both realistic and principled. One rooted in solidarity and cooperation, and which avoids the recent tendency towards responsibility-shifting and other actions that harm refugees on the one hand, and Europe itself on the other. One that guarantees that those in distress at sea will be rescued and disembarked in a predictable manner, and addresses what happens to them once they are brought ashore. One that removes doubt about the genuineness of the reasons driving people to flee, and that provides for the return home of those who are not refugees, or otherwise entitled to stay.

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Letter from the High Commissioner for Refugees to the Prime Minister of Bulgaria (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

UNHCR 18-06-25: Gap between refugee resettlement needs and opportunities widens (Extern länk)

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IRIN June 2018:

Destination Europe: Evacuation, Homecoming, Frustration, Desperation till sidans topp

The EU has started resettling refugees from Libya, but only 174 have made it to Europe in seven months

As the EU sets new policies and makes deals with African nations to deter hundreds of thousands of migrants from seeking new lives on the continent, what does it mean for sub-Saharan Africans following dreams northwards and the countries they transit through? From returnees in Sierra Leone and refugees resettled in France to smugglers in Niger and migrants in detention centres in Libya, IRIN explores their choices and challenges in this multi-part special report, Destination Europe.

Four years of uncontrolled migration starting in 2014 saw more than 600,000 people cross from Libya to Italy, contributing to a populist backlash that is threatening the foundations of the EU. Stopping clandestine migration has become one of Europe's main foreign policy goals, and last July the number of refugees and migrants crossing the central Mediterranean dropped dramatically. The EU celebrated the reduced numbers as "good progress".

But, as critics pointed out, that was only half the story: the decline, resulting from a series of moves by the EU and Italy, meant that tens of thousands of people were stuck in Libya with no way out. They faced horrific abuse, and NGOs and human rights organisations accused the EU of complicity in the violations taking place.

Abdu is one who got stuck. A tall, lanky teenager, he spent nearly two years in smugglers' warehouses and official Libyan detention centres. But he's also one of the lucky ones. In February, he boarded a flight to Niger run (with EU support) by the UN's refugee agency, UNHCR, to help some of those stranded in Libya reach Europe. Nearly 1,600 people have been evacuated on similiar flights, but, seven months on, only 174 have been resettled to Europe.

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Arkiveringsdatum 180605:

Reach Initiative 18-05-24:

Libya: Understanding the impact of EU migration measures on refugees and migrants till sidans topp

Despite the political instability which ensued the two civil wars in Libya in 2011 and 2014 persists, more than 700,000 refugees and migrants are in Libya today. They are among the most vulnerable population groups in the country with grave protection concerns reported both in detention and in urban areas. Some of these include arbitrary detention, systematic exploitation and kidnapping by militia groups. In this context, and in the backdrop of a rise in arrivals from Libya through the Central Mediterranean Sea route to Italy since 2016, the European Union and its member states have put in place a number of measures with the United Nations backed Government of National Accord in Libya in order to stem the flow of refugees and migrants towards Italy.

As a result of these measures, the number of refugees and migrants reaching Italy from Libya has drastically decreased. Yet, it is not clear how these measures impacted refugees' and migrants' lives in Libya. REACH conducted this study, in partnership with UNHCR, to provide an understanding of the impact of migration measures implemented in Libya since early 2017 on mixed migration routes, smuggling hubs, and the lives of refugees and migrants in the country. It is based on 75 in-depth semi structured individual interviews with refugees and migrants in urban areas across the country and 32 key informant interviews with smugglers, law enforcement officials and civil society activists, conducted from 21st March to 2nd of April 2018.

The assessment finds that migration routes to and within Libya have diversified since early 2017. It finds an increase in arrivals from Algeria and Chad and a multiplication of smuggling hubs along the eastern coast of the country. In the face of increased coastguard controls along the Libyan coast, the numbers of refugees and migrants held for long periods of time with limited freedom of movement in warehouses and unsafe accommodations along the coast have increased.

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Europarådets parlament 18-06-04:

PACE Committee: Border control by third countries should still respect human rights till sidans topp

PACE's Migration Committee has urged the EU or individual states making agreements with third countries for "external" border control or asylum processing to ensure that they guarantee human rights.

In a resolution based on a report by Tineke Strik (Netherlands, SOC), the committee said that these externalisation policies had been introduced "without due regard for the need to ensure that their implementation does not jeapardise human rights".

Member states should only "externalise" migration control to countries whose laws and practices meet the standards of the European Convention on Human Rights and the UN Refugee Convention, the committee said.

Such agreements and arrangements should also include conditions to protect applicants' rights.

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Arkiveringsdatum 180528:

Amnesty International 18-05-16:

Shameful EU policies fuel surge in detention of migrants and refugees till sidans topp

A surge in migrants and refugees intercepted at sea by the Libyan authorities has seen at least 2,600 people transferred, in the past two months alone, to squalid detention centres where they face torture and extortion, Amnesty International said today.

The global human rights organisation accuses European governments of complicity in these abuses by actively supporting the Libyan authorities in stopping sea crossings and sending people back to detention centres in Libya.

"The EU is turning a blind eye to the suffering caused by its callous immigration policies that outsource border control to Libya," said Heba Morayef, Amnesty International's Middle East and North Africa Director.

"When European leaders spare no effort to ensure the Libyan Coast Guard intercepts as many people as possible, they are sending those migrants and refugees straight back to Libya's detention centres which are notorious for abuse and torture. No one should be sending anyone back to Libya."

At least 7,000 migrants and refugees are languishing in Libyan detention centres where abuse is rife and food and water in short supply. This is a sharp increase from March when there were 4,400 detained migrants and refugees, according to Libyan officials.

"The EU must stop using the Libyan Coast Guard to contain people in Libya, and instead work to close detention centres, resettle refugees in Europe, and enable UNHCR to assist all refugees across Libya," Heba Morayef said.

Since late 2016, EU Member States - particularly Italy - have implemented a series of measures to close off the migratory route through Libya and across the Mediterranean, including boosting the capacity of the Libyan Coast Guard to intercept migrants and refugees and return them back to Libya.

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ECRE 18-05-18:

EU-Western Balkans Summit concludes with a focus on stemming migration till sidans topp

On May 17 EU leaders and their Western Balkan counterparts gathered in Sofia, Bulgaria for the EU-Western Balkans Summit. The talks concluded with the Sofia Declaration, which established further cooperation in a number of areas, including migration where the emphasis was on stemming illegal migration - leaving out any references to rights or protection.

ECRE, alongside 19 other organisations, released a joint statement ahead of the summit calling on EU Heads of State and their West Balkans counterparts to address several key concerns and recommendations. These include; respect for the right to claim asylum; humane border management and support for victims of trafficking; safe and regular pathways; funding for humane and fair asylum systems and integration; protect civil society organisations working with refugees. However, the declaration fails to address refugees, the right to international protection, or human rights for migrants.

Article 10 of the declaration reads, "The EU and the Western Balkans partners share many security challenges that demand coordinated individual and collective action. When we work together, we are able to address these challenges effectively. Our cooperation in stemming illegal migration flows has demonstrated its value and will be developed further." The annex reiterates this, with migrant smuggling, migration and border management listed under the Sofia Priority Agenda, promising to enhance cooperation in these areas, including through EU liaison officers.

The emergence of the Balkan route in 2015 is a clear reminder of the region's importance to the EU, particularly with regards to border control. Yet security has come at the expense of human rights and at times lives of those attempting to reach Europe, such as the case of Medina Husseini, the 6 year old girl who died after her family was pushed back at the Serbia-Croatia border. A paper by the EU agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) in February highlights access to territory as a persistent challenge.

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ECRE 18-05-14: NGO statement ahead of the EU-Western Balkans Summit of 17 May 2018 (Extern länk)

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Transnational Institute 18-05-11:

Expanding the fortress till sidans topp

The policies, the profiteers and the people shaped by EU's border externalisation programme

The EU has made migration control a central goal of its foreign relations, rapidly expanding border externalisation measures that require neighbouring countries to act as Europe's border guards. This report examines 35 countries, prioritised by the EU, and finds authoritarian regimes emboldened to repress civil society, vulnerable refugees forced to turn to more dangerous and deadly routes, and European arms and security firms booming off the surge in funding for border security systems and technologies.

Executive Summary

The plight of the world's 66 million forcibly displaced persons seems to only trouble the European Union's conscience when the media spotlight turns on a tragedy at Europe's borders. Only one European nation - Germany - is even in the top ten countries worldwide that receive refugees leaving the vast majority of forcibly displaced persons hosted by some of the world's poorest nations. The invisibility therefore is only broken when border communities such as Calais, Lampedusa, Lesvos become featured in the news as desperate people fleeing violence end up dead, detained or trapped.

These tragedies aren't just unfortunate results of war or conflict elsewhere, they are also the direct result of Europe's policies on migration since the Schengen agreement in 1985. This approach has focused on fortifying borders, developing ever more sophisticated surveillance and tracking of people, and increasing deportations while providing ever fewer legal options for residency despite ever greater need. This has led many forcibly displaced persons unable to enter Europe legally and forced into ever more dangerous routes to escape violence and conflict.

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Mark Akkerman (author of the report) in EUobserver 18-05-10: Europe's solution to migration is to outsource it to Africa (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 171229:

Amnesty International 17-12-12:

Libya: European governments complicit in horrific abuse of refugees and migrants till sidans topp

European governments are knowingly complicit in the torture and abuse of tens of thousands of refugees and migrants detained by Libyan immigration authorities in appalling conditions in Libya, said Amnesty International in a report published today, in the wake of global outrage over the sale of migrants in Libya.

'Libya's dark web of collusion' details how European governments are actively supporting a sophisticated system of abuse and exploitation of refugees and migrants by the Libyan Coast Guard, detention authorities and smugglers in order to prevent people from crossing the Mediterranean.

"Hundreds of thousands of refugees and migrants trapped in Libya are at the mercy of Libyan authorities, militias, armed groups and smugglers often working seamlessly together for financial gain. Tens of thousands are kept indefinitely in overcrowded detention centres where they are subjected to systematic abuse," said John Dalhuisen, Amnesty International's Europe Director.

"European governments have not just been fully aware of these abuses; by actively supporting the Libyan authorities in stopping sea crossings and containing people in Libya, they are complicit in these abuses."

A policy of containment

Since late 2016, EU Member States - particularly Italy - have implemented a series of measures aimed at closing off the migratory route through Libya and across the central Mediterranean, with little care for the consequences for those trapped within Libya's lawless borders. Their cooperation with Libyan actors has taken a three-pronged approach.

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Amnesty International 17-12-12: Europeiska regeringar är medansvariga till grova människorättskränkningar på flyktingar och migranter. (Extern länk)

Se även:

ECRE 17-12-08: Strong reactions to atrocities in Libyan quagmire - emergency measures fall short of addressing fundamental issues (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 171208:

Statewatch 17-11-21:

Eastern Partnership expert meeting on irregular migration: discussion paper till sidans topp

"The Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries were not affected by the increased irregular migration flows and smuggling activities of criminal networks at the same dramatic level as the EU Member States (EU MS) during the Mediterranean migration crisis of 2015-2016. However, the recent alerts on the activation of a Black Sea migrant route which, according to the opinion of experts, could be even more dangerous for migrants' lives than the Mediterranean one, will definitely require more attention and adequate response of the EaP states.

The importance of effective countering and preventive measures should be recognized by the governments of EaP states as well as the importance of cross border cooperation to ensure the fulfillment of the commitments regarding the operations to counter migrant smuggling according to the international criminal law and the commitments on protection of migrants and refugees, especially migrants in vulnerable situation."

From: Eastern Partnership Panel on Migration and Asylum: Discussion Paper for the Expert Meeting on Preventing Facilitation of Irregular Migration, 17-18 October 2017, Kiev, Ukraine (pdf):

"...the present paper was developed as a background and preparatory information basis for the meeting participants. This document covers the following issues: (i) an overview of the existing international legal and policy framework on preventing facilitation of irregular migration (migrant smuggling); (ii) definition of liability for facilitation of irregular migration in national legislation; (iii) role of cooperation at international and national level for effectively preventing facilitation of irregular migration.

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FIDH 17-11-28:

The externalization of migration policies: a scourge for human rights till sidans topp

/Uttalande från FIDH (International Federation for Human Rights)/

Mobilized on the issue of migration since 2003, FIDH is concerned about the outsourcing of migration policies and increase in their repressive character, particularly through the externalization of borders from countries of destination to the countries of transit and departure. Formal or informal agreements and international programs such as the "Programa Frontera Sur" (United States / Mexico), the "EU / Turkey Deal", the "Operation Sovereign Borders" (Australia), the EU / Bangladesh agreement, the readmission agreements between Israel and Uganda and Rwanda, or the Italy-Libya MoU most of the time short-circuit democratic processes, generate zones of detention and encampment, increase the militarization of borders and the criminalization of the migratory act. All while strongly making unaccountable the actors of the repression against the migrant people: police, armies, transnational agencies, and non-state actors such as the militias or the multinational companies. The consequences in terms of non-respect of human rights are heavy: repressions, unfair trials, arbitrary detention, police violence, expulsions. Moreover, this repressive situation is pushing people on increasingly dangerous roads, to bypass the most heavily used roads now excessively controlled and militarized. Pushed into the hands of criminal actors, people on the move find themselves in situations of slavery, trafficking, ill-treatment, sexual violence or gender-based violence.

Given the consequences of the dynamics of externalization of borders and migration policies on human rights at the global level, the FIDH:

+ Condemns the externalization of borders and the xenophobic and racist nature of the policies pursued by the fortress states against certain populations on the move;

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European University Institute november 2017:

EU-Turkey statement prioritises returns from Greece over access to asylum till sidans topp

Human rights violations by design: EU-Turkey statement prioritises returns from Greece over access to asylum

Policy Briefs; 2017/29; Migration Policy Centre

Author: ALPES, Maybritt Jill; TUNABOYLU, Sevda; VAN LIEMPT, Ilse

Abstract:

The EU-Turkey-Statement proposes to reduce arrival rates and deaths in the sea by subjecting individuals who arrive on Greek islands after 20 March 2016 to fast-track asylum procedures and, in the case of negative decisions, to returns to Turkey. In exchange, EU member states have agreed to take one Syrian refugee from Turkey for every Syrian readmitted from Greece to Turkey. The Statement builds on the deterrent effect of returns and turns high return rates into an indicator for a successful border policy. This policy brief examines the impact of the Statement's focus on returns for people seeking asylum in Greece. The analysis draws on interviews with asylum seekers and practitioners, phone interviews with people who were returned from the Greek islands following the EU-Turkey Statement, as well as on participant observations at refugee camps and inter-agency meetings on Lesbos and Chios in July and August 2017.

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Läkare Utan Gränser 17-11-30:

Krisen i Libyen: EU vill hålla flyktingar och migranter utom synhåll till sidans topp

Läkare Utan Gränser kommenterar överenskommelsen om att evakuera flyktingar och migranter från Libyen, ett beslut som EU och Afrikanska Unionen tog på sitt gemensamma toppmöte i Elfenbenskusten.

Annemarie Loof, operativ chef för Läkare Utan Gränser i Amsterdam säger:

"Det finns inga enkla och snabba lösningar. Jag välkomnar ändå åtgärder som kan minska de alarmerande nivåerna av exploatering och våld som drabbar flyktingar och migranter strandsatta i Libyen.

Men Europa kan inte uttrycka upprördhet över brott som begås mot flyktingar och migranter i Libyen och samtidigt föra en politik vars uppenbara mål är att skicka tillbaka och låsa in människor i Libyen. Europa stöder grupper som utger sig för att tillhöra den libyska kustbevakningen. Dessa grupper stoppar båtar med flyktingar, asylsökande och migranter på internationellt vatten och för dem tillbaka till Libyen. Detta sker ofta framför ögonen på EU:s militär.

Så sent som förra veckan, den 24 november 2017, bevittnade sök- och räddningsfartyget Aquarius, som drivs av Läkare Utan Gränser i samarbete med SOS Méditerranée, hur den libyska kustbevakningen stoppade tre gummibåtar på internationellt vatten och förde männen, kvinnorna och barnen tillbaka till Libyen. Samtidigt kretsade EU:s luftfarkost ovanför platsen.

I samband med en tidigare incident på internationellt vatten den 31 oktober 2017 bad sjöräddningscentralen i Rom (MRCC) Aquarius att stå i beredskap då 200-300 flyktingar och migranter stoppades av den libyska kustbevakningen och fördes till Libyen. En EU-militärhelikopter och ett EU-fartyg följde med händelseförloppet.

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UNHCR 17-11-29:

UNHCR welcomes transit facility to expedite third country solutions till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, welcomes the decision by the Libyan authorities to set up a "transit and departure facility" in Tripoli for people in need of international protection.

This initiative, which is supported by the Italian government, will facilitate the transfer of thousands of vulnerable refugees to third countries. "We hope that thousands of the most vulnerable refugees currently in Libya will benefit from this forward-looking initiative," said Roberto Mignone, UNHCR Representative to Libya. He added that the main objective is to speed up the process of securing solutions in third countries, particularly for unaccompanied and separated children and women at risk.

These solutions will include resettlement, family reunification, evacuation to UNHCR-run emergency facilities in other countries, or voluntary return, as appropriate.

At the facility, UNHCR staff and partners will provide registration and live-saving assistance such as accommodation, food, medical care and psychosocial support.

This initiative is one of a range of measures needed to offer viable alternatives to the dangerous journeys undertaken by refugees and migrants along the Central Mediterranean route. In September, UNHCR called for an additional 40,000 resettlement places to be made available for refugees located in 15 countries along this route. So far, only 10,500 pledges have been made.

"This initiative is a decisive step forward, and we are grateful for the strong commitment of the Libyan government in making this possible, as well as for the important role played by the Government of Italy. But we now need EU member states and others to step up with offers of resettlement places and other solutions, including family reunification slots," said Mignone. "Together, these will be an important platform for securing solutions for these vulnerable people, based on shared responsibility."

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Arkiveringsdatum 171110:

West African Observatory of Migration 17-10-24:

Rabat Process: Senior Officials' Meeting - African CSOs Common Position till sidans topp

This statement follows the consultation launched by the West African Observatory on Migrations, prior to the Senior Officials Meeting of the Rabat Process, with associations, networks, unions and religious organizations working on migration in Central, West and North Africa. Its content responds to the positions and recommendations expressed by these organizations.

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the African civil society wishes to recall that youth mobility and migration are not to be considered as problems. In the views of civil society, mobility and migration of African populations are only a logical and normal consequence of this new proximity born of globalization.This is why the African civil society welcomes the approach in terms of migration and development of the Rabat process. Indeed, the migrant is far from being a criminal. He or she is a development actor that contributes enormously to the social renewal and economic vitality of its host country, transit and origin. The whole world is thus winning from the migration. The present meeting therefore offers the opportunity for civil society to welcome the important role of African diasporas in Europe and in Africa in terms of economic and social development.

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AIDA 17-11-08:

Court curtails detention policy for Syrians on the islands till sidans topp

The Administrative Court of Mytilene has delivered three rulings upholding Syrian asylum seekers' objections against detention, against the backdrop of a policy to detain Syrians on the Eastern Aegean islands with a view to their return to Turkey.

Administrative Court of Mytilene, Decision 218/2017

The applicant was referred to the Reception and Identification Centre (RIC) of Lesvos on 11 October 2017 and applied for asylum on the following day. On 13 October, he was issued a detention order by the Lesvos Police Director with a view to his removal to Turkey, motivated based on the existence of a risk of absconding. The Regional Asylum Office of Lesvos recommended on 19 October the prolongation of his detention on the ground that his asylum application was made in order to delay or frustrate the return procedure. Two days later, the Lesvos Police Director issued a new detention order.

The court held that the applicant's detention on the alleged ground was insufficiently motivated, as the detention order provided no objective criteria leading to the conclusion that his asylum claim had the sole purpose of delaying or frustrating return proceedings. In that light, the applicant was unlawfully detained.

The Administrative Court of Mytilene reached a similar conclusion in Decision 219/2017 concerning an applicant detained on the same grounds. It should be noted that the problematic interpretation of the detention ground relating to applications made for the purpose of delaying or frustrating return has been a systematic issue of concern vis-ā-vis asylum seekers subject to the EU-Turkey statement, and condemned by other Administrative Courts as well.

Administrative Court of Mytilene, Decision 217/2017

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Arkiveringsdatum 171027:

AIDA 17-10-22:

Greece: Further interpretation of the safe third country concept till sidans topp

The Greek Appeals Committees have recently given further interpretation to the "safe third country" concept in appeals against inadmissibility decisions, in the aftermath of two rulings of the Council of State on the application of the concept in the case of Turkey. In these judgments, the Council of State had affirmed that a "sufficient connection" between an asylum seeker and a third country, which would make it reasonable for him or her to relocate there, may be inferred from transit in conjunction with conditions such as the length of stay in a country or the country's proximity to the country of origin.

Two decisions from Appeals Committees have elaborated on the "sufficient connection" criterion:

9th Appeals Committee, Decision 15602/2017

In a case concerning a Syrian man who had stayed only eight days in Turkey, the Appeals Committee found that the geographical proximity of a country to the country of origin cannot in itself justify a sufficient connection, in the absence of conditions such as a reasonable period of stay of the existence of a supporting network. To rule the contrary - that "transit" may solely be accompanied by proximity to the country of origin - would in fact result in asylum applications not being examined on an individualised basis, as expressly required by law, but in all nationals of a country with such a "neighbouring third country" being treated in the same manner. Since the applicant's stay in Turkey was very short, not exceeding eight days, and no supporting friendly network existed, the Committee held that there was no sufficient connection with Turkey based on which it would be reasonable for the applicant to relocate there.

11th Appeals Committee, Decision 14011/2017

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Amnesty International 17-10-23:

Asylum seekers in abysmal conditions on islands till sidans topp

Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras should end the Greek government's "containment policy" of confining asylum seekers to the Aegean islands, 19 human rights and humanitarian aid organizations said in an open letter released today.

Thousands of people, including very young children, single or pregnant women, and people with physical disabilities, are trapped in abysmal conditions as winter sets in. Forcing asylum seekers to remain in conditions that violate their rights and are harmful to their well-being, health, and dignity, cannot be justified by the implementation of the EU-Turkey deal, the organizations said.

Since the implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement in March 2016, the Greek islands of Lesbos, Chios, Samos, Kos, and Leros have become places of indefinite confinement. Thousands of women, men, and children are trapped in deplorable and volatile conditions, with many denied access to adequate asylum procedures. Asylum seekers who arrived on the islands in the first days of the implementation of the EU-Turkey Deal have been stuck there for almost 19 months.

The recent increase in arrivals of men, women, and children has increased the pressure on the already overcrowded reception and identification centers known as hotspots. Current arrivals are still comparatively quite low and should be manageable for Greece and the EU more broadly, but they include a significant number of women and children.

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Arkiveringsdatum 171013:

ECRE 17-10-06:

Greek Council of State declares Turkey 'safe third country' till sidans topp

Greek Council of State dismisses all complaints on fast track border procedure and declares Turkey 'safe third country' based on doubtful documentation

On 22 September 2017, the Greek Council of State, the highest administrative court of the country, delivered two long-awaited judgments (2347/2017 and 2348/2017) regarding two Syrian nationals whose claims were rejected as inadmissible. The rulings will have important consequences on all main elements of the Greek asylum procedure and further deemed Turkey as a safe third country in their case, based on selective and limited documentation.

Among other aspects, the rulings confirmed the legality of the fast-track border procedure on the islands, its initial application without a prior Ministerial Decision, the involvement of EASO in them, and the applicant's burden of proof to establish exemption from them on grounds of family unity or vulnerability. At the same time the Council of State denied the applicants' right to a hearing in appeal procedures and upheld the dismissal of the applications as inadmissible on the basis of the "safe third country" concept.

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Artikeln med länkar till källor och uttalanden (Extern länk)

AIDA 17-10-04: Greece: The ruling of the Council of State on the asylum procedure post EU-Turkey deal (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 171001:

EU-kommissionen 17-09-06:

Partnerskapsramen för migration - positiva resultat för migrationshanteringen till sidans topp

De åtgärder som har införts för att bättre hantera migrationen längs den centrala Medelhavsrutten och med partner i Afrika börjar bära frukt, visar den femte lägesrapporten om partnerskapsramen för migration, som kommissionen och den höga representanten lägger fram idag.

Det har skett betydligt färre dödsfall till sjöss under sommarmånaderna, på samma gång som även antalet migranter som korsar centrala Medelhavet har minskat avsevärt. Tillsammans med Internationella organisationen för migration (IOM) har EU hjälpt fler än 11 000 migranter att frivilligt återvända till sina hemländer från Libyen och Niger. EU och EU-länderna har intensifierat det arbete som inleddes 2016 inom ramen för partnerskapsramen för migration för att rädda liv, underminera affärsmodellen för dem som ägnar sig åt människosmuggling och människohandel, bekämpa de bakomliggande orsakerna och samarbeta med ursprungs- och transitländer utan att ge avkall på de europeiska värderingarna och respekten för de mänskliga rättigheterna.

- När vi talar om migration säger vi ofta att vi står inför en svår utmaning, men vi får aldrig glömma att det handlar om hundratusentals människors livsöden, säger Federica Mogherini, hög representant och vice ordförande för kommissionen. EU har en ledande roll när det gäller att konkret hjälpa och skydda migranter. Genom samarbete med FN-organ och våra afrikanska partner har vi uppnått vissa inledande positiva resultat med våra prioriteringar, dvs. att rädda migranters liv och motverka smugglingsnätverkens affärsmodeller medan vi samtidigt stärker kampen mot fattigdom och arbetar för lagliga vägar till Europa. Vi går mot ett system där vi tillsammans och på ett hållbart sätt med full respekt för de mänskliga rättigheterna kan hantera en situation som kräver starka partnerskap, delat ansvar, solidaritet och hållbart engagemang.Vi är äntligen på rätt väg - vi måste fortsätta att arbeta konsekvent och beslutsamt.

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ECRE 17-09-15:

EU migration cooperation with third countries: More harm than good? till sidans topp

The latest Progress Report on the Partnership Framework with third countries under the European Agenda on Migration states that since the last progress report in June significant progress has been made and outlines the key actions taken since June.

According to the Commission report, key achievements include the reduction of the number of crossings on the Central Mediterranean as well as stepped up cooperation with Libya, including a new 46.3 € million project to strengthen border surveillance at the country's sea and land border. Further, the report refers to cooperation with some Western African countries beyond the Compact countries, the Commission's invitation to Member States to resettle people out of Libya, Niger, Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia in 2018 in line with the 4 July Action Plan , and the stepping up of diplomatic contacts and multilateral discussion between EU, Member States and countries of transit and origin.

Additionally, key measures taken since the last progress report include the deployment of Internal Security and Defence Experts in G5 Sahel countries, which will work towards increasing cooperation with authorities including in the field of border management, steps taken towards the establishment of an Africa Frontex Intelligence Community Risk Analysis Cell in Senegal, the deployment of Gambian liaison officers in Italy for the purpose of identification of persons to be returned, , the renewal of a bilateral agreement between Spain and Senegal , and the deployment of an European Border and Coast Guard (EBCG) Liaison Officer in Niger. At the same time, the report acknowledges that progress in the area of returns from Member States to these countries is limited, and negotiations on readmission are stalling.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170901:

EU-kommissionen 17-07-28:

€46 million programme to support migration and border management in Libya till sidans topp

Following up on the Commission's Action Plan to support Italy from 4 July, the EU Trust Fund for Africa adopted today a programme worth €46 million to reinforce the integrated migration and border management capacities of the Libyan authorities. The new actions respond to the measures proposed under the Action plan to address the migratory flows along the Central Mediterranean Route and it aims at stepping up activities in support of the Libyan Border- and Coast Guards, to enhance their capacity to effectively manage the country's borders. The programme will be implemented by the Italian Ministry of Interior and co-financed by Italy.

High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini said: "Security and stability in Libya are key for the Libyans, the region and Europe, and they come also by better managing the borders and strengthening the resilience of the population. While we keep working to a political solution to the political crisis in the country, that brings peace and reconciliation, we also continue to support the communities and the Libyan authorities, also in their capacity to address the migration flows, rescue migrants, making sure that human rights are respected, and fight against the smuggling networks. This new programme is part of our comprehensive approach: increased border management will go hand in hand with the work we are doing on the sustainable socioeconomic development of local communities, as well as protection, assisted voluntary returns and reintegration of migrants".

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Statewatch 17-08-03:

Plan on Central Mediterranean will exacerbate "abuse, mislead and expel" process till sidans topp

The EU's plans to limit the number of people travelling across the Mediterranean to Italy are set out in a detailed internal "Implementation Plan" believed to be drawn up by the Council that is silent on the right to claim asylum in the EU - aside from ensuring that Italy "speed up examination of asylum applications" and ensure that it can "issue return decisions together with final negative asylum decisions," which is likely to exacerbate existing problems with access to the asylum procedure in Italy's "hotspots".

The document "builds on the implementation plan of the Malta declaration and includes the new measures of the Commission's Action Plan to alleviate the immediate pressure on Italy" and its implementation is being overseen through the "Integrated Political Crisis Response" mechanism (IPCR, activated by the Council in October 2015) and by COREPER, the Committee of Member States' permanent representatives in Brussels.

Some of the actions have recently been adopted, such as the €46 million land and sea border management project "prepared by Italy jointly with the Commission" and announced on Friday.

Others will no doubt be more complicated - for example the proposal to "reinstate control of borders in the transit areas of Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger" by "supplying technologies, vehicles, joint patrols and other means, as well as coordination efforts in the context of the Libyan National Team for Security and Border Management (NTSBM)"; or to:

"encourage the participation of Tunisia, Algeria and Egypt in the Seahorse Mediterranean Network (ongoing) and ensure that the Seahorse Mediterranean Network is operational to strengthen border authorities of North African countries and develop their capacities to share information and coordinate actions with Member States and Mediterranean Member States."

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Arkiveringsdatum 170712:

ECRE 17-07-07:

EU plans on Central Mediterranean Route: old wine in new bottles till sidans topp

The informal meeting of Justice and Home Affairs Minister discussed the situation on the Central Mediterranean Sea Route yesterday, following a call from Italy for more solidarity from other Member States in dealing with sea arrivals.

In a letter sent to Commissioner Avramopoulos and the Estonian Presidency, the Italian Minister of the Interior stated that high arrivals result in an "unsustainable" situation, which might force the country to deny permission to dock non-Italian search and rescue vessels in its ports. Following discussions with France, Germany, Italy and the Commissioner on July 2, an Action Plan was proposed by the Commission on July 4.

In a press statement yesterday, EU Ministers of the Interior agreed to prioritize a number of actions aiming at reducing migratory pressure, including an increased engagement with Libya and other key countries, following up on steps undertaken to prevent movements from Niger and Mali towards Libya. They further foresee the introduction of a code of conduct for NGOs carrying out search and rescue missions in the Central Mediterranean and fostering returns by accelerating the work on EU readmission agreements with third countries and putting the Commission's recommendations on returns into practice. Finally, the conclusions affirm a commitment to the reform of the Common European Asylum System as well as Italy's efforts to implement a migration policy that "reduces pull factors" and increases efficiency to identify and return migrants.

"EU Ministers once more set the wrong priorities. Reducing search and rescue capacity and increasing deterrence is not the answer when lives are at stake," said ECRE's Secretary General, Catherine Woollard, "Rather than a code of conduct on NGOs an action plan on the creation of safe and legal channels is urgently needed. "

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Artikeln med länkar till flera rapporter om EU och Libyen (Extern länk)

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EU-kommissionen 17-06-28:

Steering Committee of EU Facility for Refugees in Turkey meets today till sidans topp

Today, the 7th Steering Committee meeting of the EU Facility for Refugees in Turkey takes place in Brussels. It brings together the European Commission, representatives of EU Member States, representatives of Turkey and the European Parliament's Foreign Affairs Committee's rapporteur for Turkey Ms Kati Piri.

On the occasion, Commissioner Hahn stressed: "The EU Facility for Refugees continues to make a difference in the daily lives of many refugees. EU support gives Syrian refugees and host communities the opportunity to boost their skills and thus succeed on the labour market. I remain fully committed to helping Turkey improve the living conditions of the refugees in the country and I look forward to visiting some of our refugee support projects next week when I travel to Turkey."

Commissioner Stylianides added: "We have already reached over 680,000 people through the Emergency Social Safety Net and the additional funding committed in May will enable us to reach 1.3 Million refugees by the end of the year. The Conditional Cash Transfer for Education programme has already reached the families of 56,000 refugee children. This is the EU's largest humanitarian aid operation ever andwe continue working hard to provide vulnerable refugees in Turkey with aid, a sense of dignity, and hope." During the Steering Committee meeting, the European Commission will report on the continuous progress under the EU Facility.

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Are You Syrious? 17-06-29:

EU funds for refugee support in Turkey are used to detain and deport them till sidans topp

The EU-Turkey agreement was always supposed to be a plan-according to those who designed it-to stop the route though Greece and support the millions of refugees stuck in Turkey. Nevertheless, the EU has chosen not only to disburse the funds made available with the EU-Turkey deal to NGOs in the country, but also to the Turkish government, FAZ reported on Monday.

Of a sum of 811 million disbursed Euros, some 25% were transferred to the Turkish government. The Ministry of Health received 120 Million Euros, the Ministry of Education 90 Million Euros. After the world food program, these are the highest amounts, the EU paid to one actor. Another 12 Million Euro went to the general director of migration-management which is part of the Interior Ministry. Unicef received 34 Million Euro, the Red Cross 6,4 Million.

The EU Commission says that the refugees stay longer in Turkey than expected. Taking care of refugees in regular Turkish school and health system would be more effective and cheaper than ad-hoc-measures. A spokeswoman further ensured, that the major part of the money (1,6 Billion Euros allocated so far) should go to charities.

Commissioner for Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiation, Johannes Hahn said about the agreement in February 2016: "The Facility for Refugees in Turkey will go straight to the refugees, providing them with education, health and food. The improvement of living-conditions and the offering of a positive perspective will allow refugees to stay closer to their homes." . In a press release the Commission also expressed:

"The EU will speed up the disbursement of funds from the €3 billion Facility for Refugees in Turkey. This funding will support Syrians in Turkey by providing access to food, shelter, education and healthcare"

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Se även uppföljningar rörande EU-Turkiet från Europarådet för mänskliga rättigheter:

Europarådet 17-06- 28: Migration crisis: tangible improvements but additional efforts are needed (Extern länk)

Europaparlamentet 17-06-28: Call for an end to 'negative rhetoric' on migrants (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170628:

Friedrich Ebert Stiftung juni 2017:

The EU-Turkey Refugee Deal and the Not Quite Closed Balkan Route till sidans topp

Bodo Weber

In March 2016, o measures ended what has been labeled the European refugee crisis - the closure of the so-called Balkan route and the agreement on the EU-Turkey statement. The EU's shift in policy put an end to the Eastern Mediterranean migration route into the EU, but it did not result in a complete closure of the Balkan route.

The effect of the two measures on the Balkan route has been threefold: First, the number of refugees and migrants moving along the route has dropped dramatically, but tens of thousands still succeed to transit; second, the route has been redirected, with the southern entry point shifting from the Greek islands to Bulgaria's land border with Turkey; and third, the form of transit has shifted back to the use of smugglers. The three EU member states located at the southern entry (Bulgaria) and northern exit (Hungary, Croatia) of the Balkan route have reacted to the inability to completely close the route with intensified efforts of systematic push-backs of refugees and migrants. Bulgaria has done so with limited success, the other two have been more successful. The attempts to physically close the Balkan route, especially in the case of Hungary, have included changes to asylum legislation that, taken together with the physical push-backs, amount to the systematic violation of human rights and the systematic violation of domestic, EU and international laws and conventions and constitutes a departure from core EU values. The two Western Balkan states on the route that aspire to EU membership, Serbia and Macedonia, have been caught in the middle. Neighboring EU member states' efforts to close the route have created a bottleneck, particularly in Serbia, where around 10,000 refugees and migrants remain stuck. Both countries governments have been compelled to adopt the asylum policies of their EU neighbors consisting of a combination of the misuse of the safe third country concept and of physical push-backs.

Läs eller hämta dokumentet (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

Friedrich Ebert Stiftung library (Extern länk)

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Statewatch 17-06-14:

UN report on Libya: serious abuses against migrants till sidans topp

- "concerns" over vetting of coastguard members trained by EU

"The Final Report of the Panel of Experts on Libya... discusses links between armed groups, criminal groups, and different coast guard factions, including involvement by coast guard factions in migrant smuggling and coast guard factions shooting at or sinking migrant boats operated by competitors. The report makes clear that after interception at sea, migrants are "often beaten, robbed and taken to detention centres or private houses and farms where they are subjected to forced labour, rape and other sexual violence."

The report questions whether any of the coast guard factions are under the control of the Government of National Accord and questions the vetting of the coastguard trainees who are receiving training from EUNAVFOR MED. This information is further reason for the EU and EUNAVFOR MED to immediately suspend all collaboration with the Libyan coast guards and navy."

The EU has for some time been training Libyan coast guard officials. See: EU navies find training Libyan coast guard no easy task (Defense News, link):

"A European naval official linked to the coast guard training admitted that the Libyan coastline was full of semiofficial coast guard outfits, some linked to militias.

But he insisted there was no danger of EU funding ending up in their hands.

"The difference is that we have been working through the Libyan Navy, which is answerable to Serraj, and all our recruits are from the Navy," he said. "When you see Libyans in uniform on a grey boat you shouldn't assume that's the Navy.""

However, according to the UN report (emphasis added):

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Hela artikeln med länkar till källor (Extern länk)

Migrants at Sea 17-06-14: UN report documents extensive and grave human rights violations by Libyan coast guard against migrants (Extern länk)

ECRE 17-06-16: UN report: Libyan Coast Guard directly involved in human rights violations (Extern länk)

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Human Rights Watch 17-06-19:

Shifting rescue to Libya risks lives till sidans topp

Libyan forces have engaged in reckless conduct during recent rescue operations that endangered people being rescued in international waters in the Mediterranean, Human Rights Watch said today. These incidents indicate that Libyan forces lack capacity to safely perform search-and-rescue obligations.

Italy and other European Union countries should not cede control over rescue operations in international waters to Libyan forces. During the European Council meeting in Brussels on June 22-23, 2017, EU member states should affirm a commitment to carry out search-and-rescue operations in the central Mediterranean.

"Recent incidents show how wrong it is for EU countries to entrust the lives of those in need of rescue to Libyan coast guard forces when there are safer alternatives," said Judith Sunderland, associate Europe and Central Asia director at Human Rights Watch. "The EU should ensure that its vessels carry out robust search-and-rescue operations in international waters close to Libya, where most shipwrecks occur, and, where possible, Italy should direct vessels from the EU and nongovernmental groups to take the lead on rescues, instead of Libyan vessels."

The central Mediterranean is the deadliest migration route in the world. From the beginning of 2014 through June 1, 2017, over 12,000 people have died or been reported missing. Since January 1, over 60,000 people have been rescued and brought to Italian shores.

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AIDA 17-06-27:

Strasbourg Court halts return of rejected asylum seeker to Turkey till sidans topp

Last week the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) granted interim measures under Rule 39 of the Rules of the Court to prevent the return of a rejected asylum seeker to Turkey under the EU-Turkey deal.

The applicant, a national of Pakistan and member of the Ahmadi minority, has had his asylum application rejected as unfounded at both first and second instance and is currently on the island of Lesvos. An application for interim measures has been filed before the Administrative Court of Mytilene against his readmission to Turkey, although such measures have no suspensive effect under national law. The ECtHR requested the Greek authorities to suspend the return of the individual to Turkey until the Administrative Court of Mytilene issues its decision. The Strasbourg Court also ordered the case to be prioritised.

Since the adoption of the EU-Turkey deal on 18 March 2016, more than 1,200 people have been returned from Greece to Turkey. The majority of those returned are nationals of Pakistan.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170613:

IOM 17-06-02:

IOM, EU, Turkey cooperate on migration and border management projects till sidans topp

Millions of migrants and refugees have passed through or settled in Turkey in recent years, with over one million making the sea journey to Greece since 2015.

The UN Migration Agency (IOM) has enhanced its partnership with Turkish authorities through two new projects funded by the European Union and the Turkish Government, to the amount of EUR 8.5 million. The two projects will increase coordination along Turkey's European borders and strengthen national policies and frameworks relating to migrants and refugees in Turkey.

"Our 25-year partnership with the Turkish Government has become even more critical as migration takes centre stage in global discussions," said Lado Gvilava, IOM Turkey Chief of Mission. "Nearly 3.8 million migrants and refugees reside in Turkey, the vast majority - nearly three million - being Syrians under temporary protection," he added.

One project - Supporting Turkey's Efforts to Manage Migration - worth EUR 5.5 million - aims to help the Turkish Government better manage migration. The project will reinforce migration management capacity, strengthen government institutions and help regional governments to work together to understand migratory patterns and challenges.

The other, a EUR 3 million border management project, Regional Cooperation on Border Management with Greece and Bulgaria, Phase 2, continues cooperation with Turkey, Bulgaria and Greece to enhance joint actions, strengthen legal and regulatory frameworks, and help tackle irregular migration and cross-border crime.

Meddelandet (Extern länk)

Se även:

IOM 17-06-02: UN Migration Agency, Guinea, Mali officials meet over border management, security cooperation (Extern länk)

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Riksdagen 17-06- 07:

Faktapromemoria: Förnyad kraft åt partnerskapet mellan Afrika och EU till sidans topp

Faktapromemoria 2016/17:FPM94, Dokumentbeteckning JOIN (2017) 17 FINAL

Sammanfattning

EU och Afrika har genomfört toppmöten sedan 2001. En strukturerad relation mellan EU och Afrika har existerat sedan antagandet av den gemensamma strategin mellan EU-Afrika 2007. Denna strategi utgör fortsatt den övergripande ramen för efterföljande partnerskap. Det gemensamma meddelande som presenterades den 4 maj 2017 - Förnyad kraft åt partnerskapet mellan Afrika och EU - föreslår en revitaliserad ram för gemensamma europeiska åtgärder som efter diskussion med Afrika kan komma att ligga till grund för en resultatorienterad färdplan för perioden 2018-2020. Meddelandet anger en inriktning över hur EU vill se partnerskapet med Afrika fördjupas och förstärkas. Två huvudsakliga områden ska vara vägledande; skapandet av motståndskraftigare stater/samhällen samt fler och bättre arbetstillfällen.

EU:s partnerskap med Afrika är av strategisk betydelse för såväl EU som för Sverige. Regeringen vill att EU och Afrika på jämlika grunder ska kunna agera samfällt i frågor som rör gemensamma utmaningar.

Regeringen välkomnar det gemensamma meddelandet och dess huvudinriktning då det tydligt betonar för regeringen prioriterade frågor. Regeringen avser i samband med toppmötesförberedelserna och vid EU- Afrika toppmötet särskilt fokusera på temat fler och bättre jobb, anständiga arbetsvillkor och inkluderande hållbar tillväxt samt migration.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170515:

ECCHR May 2017:

Greek Hotspots: EU Ombudsman probes work of European Asylum Support Office till sidans topp

The European Ombudsman will examine practices by the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) at "hotspots" (reception centers) in Greece. The move comes in response to a complaint about the inadmissibility decisions taken under the EU-Turkey agreement. The complaint was filed by ECCHR with the support of Brot für die Welt in April 2017. ON 1 June the Ombudsman declared the complaint admissible.

According to the EU-Turkey statement of 18 March 2016, "[a]ll new irregular migrants crossing from Turkey into Greek islands as from 20 March 2016 will be returned to Turkey". Admissibility interviews form the cornerstone of the administrative procedures: If an asylum claim is rejected as inadmissible, Turkey must, under this arrangement, readmit the person concerned.

The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) is the agency that conducts the interviews and recommends a decision to the Greek Asylum Service. Thereby, it plays a decisive role in the assessment of the (in)admissibility of applications for international protection. ECCHR has serious concerns as to the legality and legitimacy of EASO's actions in the context of the EU-Turkey statement.

EASO fails core legal standards

The Ombudsman is an independent institution tasked with holding the EU administration to account for failures to respect fundamental rights or legal principles. The complaint argues that EASO's role in the decision-making process amounts to maladministration and asks the European Ombudsman to open an inquiry. ECCHR requests the suspension of EASO's involvement in admissibility interviews and the limitation of its activities to conduct not in breach of EU law.

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Case Report: EASO's influence on inadmissibility decisions exceeds the agency's competence and disregards fundamental rights (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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AIDA 17-05-05:

Turkey: 2016 asylum statistics in DGMM annual report till sidans topp

The Turkish Directorate-General of Migration Management (DGMM) has published its Annual Migration Report for 2016, which provides information inter alia on its international protection procedure established by the Law on Foreigners and International Protection (LFIP) and on its temporary protection regime for persons fleeing Syria.

International protection

Due to its relatively recent establishment, the DGMM has not published detailed information on the operation of the Turkish international protection system in previous years. As explained in the AIDA Country Report Turkey of December 2015, Provincial DGMM Directorates had only issued a modest number of status decisions in 2015, whether positive or negative, given that their resources were primarily focused on the registration of applications.

The DGMM has made available more comprehensive figures concerning its work in 2016. Throughout the course of the year, the DGMM has registered a total 66,167 applications for international protection, marking a slight increase from 64,232 applications in 2015. The main nationalities of international protection applicants in Turkey were:

Beyond the claims registered by DGMM, it should be borne in mind that a significant number of asylum seekers continue to approach and register with UNHCR Turkey, which has not ceased its Mandate Refugee Status Determination (RSD) in Turkey. More than 33,000 persons have registered as asylum seekers with UNHCR Turkey in 2016, mainly originating from Iraq, Afghanistan and Iran.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170330:

Rädda Barnen 17-03-17:

Avtalet mellan EU och Turkiet - Till vilket pris? till sidans topp

Idag är det 1 år sedan EU ingick ett avtal med Turkiet för att minska antalet människor på flykt som tar sig till EU. Till följd av avtalet sitter nu tusentals familjer och över 5 000 barn fast i fängelselika läger på de grekiska öarna Lesbos, Samos, Chios, Leros, and Kos. Tillvaron är otrygg och barnen mår fruktansvärt dåligt, några har skadat sig själva och till och med försökt ta sina liv.

Våra medarbetare på plats vittnar om hur dåligt barnen mår och fruktar att en generation pojkar och flickor är på väg att utveckla långvariga fysiska och psykiska skador. Och detta sker inte i en avlägsen krigszon, utan mitt framför våra ögon - i Europa.

Självskadebeteende och depressioner bland barnen

I vår rapport som släpps idag kan man läsa om hur barnen, som lever i trånga och otrygga boenden i de fängelselika lägren, visar tecken på ångest, depression och självskadebeteende. Barn som efter en lång och farlig flykt, tvingats leva i tält under vintern, förnekats utbildning, sett människor som försökt begå självmord och bevittnat döda kroppar I lägren.

Det har hänt att barn så unga som nio år, skadat sig själva och mammor har upptäckt självförvållade ärr på sina barns händer när de tvättat dem. Några barn så unga som 12 år har försökt att ta sitt liv.

Avsaknad av trygghet för barnen

Familjer berättar att de inte vågar låta barnen leka för långt från tältet av rädsla för att barnen ska skadas eller utnyttjas. Vår personal berättar om ensamkommande barn som turas om att hålla vakt och sova i skift för att känna sig trygga. Många ensamkommande barn har försvunnit från öarna, möjligen genom att följa med människosmugglare.

Inte värdigt Europa 2017

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Pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

Save the Children 17-03-18: A Tide of Self-Harm and Depression - summary (Extern länk)

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EU Concilium / Statewatch 17-03-21:

Council of the European Union: EU targets Libyan refugees till sidans topp

Following the 3 February 2017 Malta Declaration (pdf) the Council Presidency reports that "its implementation has now taken off." The aim is to cut or halt refugees arriving in the EU via Libya and the same for the neighbouring states to Libya. This includes:

"Supporting IOM in significantly stepping up assisted voluntary return activities...

"IOM would need to recruit more staff, post international staff in Tripoli (IOM office planned to be open by the end of March 2017) and more importantly, assist the country of origin's consuls in neighbouring countries to increase their capacity to issue travel documents. This is currently considered the main bottleneck in carrying out assisted voluntary returns from Libya." [emphasis added]

And: "Helping to reduce the pressure on Libya's land borders, keeping track of alternative routes and possible diversion of smugglers' activities as well as deepening dialogue and cooperation on migration with all countries neighbouring Libya."

Also from the Valletta Plan:

"enhancing adequate reception capacities and conditions in Libya and neighbouring countries for migrants;

- improving the socio-economic situation and resilience of host communities in Libya and neighbouring countries;

- enhancing border management capacity on Libya's land borders.." [emphasis added]

"Reception capacities" equals holding centres.

Artikeln med länkar till bakgrundsmaterial (Extern länk)

EU Concilium 17-03-14: Discussion paper: Migration policy: implementation: - External aspects (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

Se även:

Eu-kommissionen 17-03-20: Remarks by Commissioner Avramopoulos following the Ministerial Conference on the Central Mediterranean Migration Route in Rome (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170320:

ECRE 17-03-10:

EU Court has no jurisdiction to hear action for annulment of EU-Turkey Agreement till sidans topp

The EU General Court does not have jurisdiction to hear the action for annulment against the EU-Turkey deal - an order delivered by the EU General Court established on 28 February. The action had been brought by two Pakistani nationals and an Afghan national.

The General Court stated that the deal cannot be challenged directly before EU courts, since it is not considered an act of an institution of the EU but rather an act of Member States during a meeting of Heads of State or Government with their Turkish counterpart, which the President of the European Council and President of the European Commission only attended informally. The finding of the General Court seems to contrast with the designation "EU-Turkey statement", figuring in EU policy documents, including the five implementation reports published by the European Commission thus far. The Commission has also appointed an EU Coordinator on the Implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement for that purpose.

For their part, the regular updates from the Greek Ministry of Public Order on the return of persons from the Greek islands to Turkey cast further doubt on the legal status of the statement. Whereas the latter is only described as a "statement" producing no legal effects, the Greek Ministry provides separate readmission statistics for persons returned to Turkey (1) under the Greece-Turkey bilateral readmission agreement, (2) the EU-Turkey readmission agreement, and (3) the EU-Turkey statement.

The Grand Chamber of the Greek Council of State held a hearing today on Turkey as a safe third country.

Artikeln med länkar till källor (Extern länk)

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Human Rights Watch 17-03-10:

Greece: Reject EU pressure on asylum seekers till sidans topp

Proposed law changes would harm vulnerable people

The Greek Parliament should resist external pressures and reject any changes to legislation based on the European Commission's Joint Action Plan for the EU-Turkey agreement, that will further worsen the situation for people seeking safety and a better life in Europe, 13 nongovernmental organizations said today in an open letter.

As the Greek Parliament is expected to vote within the coming days on these changes, the organizations are calling on Greek Members of Parliament not to support amendments to Greek Law 4375/2016 already published in the EU Joint Action Plan that will remove safeguards for vulnerable people and families. The parliament should stand by the protections enshrined in Greece's current asylum legislation by making sure that most vulnerable persons and those eligible for family reunification under the Dublin Regulation are exempted from accelerated admissibility procedures aimed at sending them back to Turkey.

Removing existing safeguards for vulnerable people and those with prospects for family reunification in other EU member states would mean keeping more people on the already overcrowded islands and putting further undue pressure on the islands' population. The result would be the creation of more detention centers, fast-tracking asylum proceedings, and limiting appeals steps, all with the goal of facilitating deportations, and possibly sending people into harm's way.

The organizations urged Parliament to make Greece an example of a country willing to uphold the human rights of and protection for people seeking safety and security in Europe, and not to allow Greece be used as a laboratory for testing migration policies at the expense of the most vulnerable.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170309:

ECRE 17-02-24:

New detention centres at the external EU borders till sidans topp

Greece is building pre-removal detention facilities on the Aegean islands with the aim of accelerating the implementation of the EU-Turkey statement. These will be separate from the Reception and Identification Centres on the hotspots where newly arrived refugees and migrants are initially detained.

The construction of pre-removal detention centres on the islands marks a shift away from previous efforts of the Greek authorities to transfer people from the hotspots to detention centres on the mainland. Greece currently has six pre-removal centres with a total of 5,215 places in Amygdaleza, Petrou Ralli, Corinth, Paranesti, Xanthi and Orestiada.

According to the EU Coordinator for the implementation of the statement, the pre-removal detention centres on the islands would be a temporary solution to increase the number of returns to Turkey. On Kos, a pre-removal detention centre has been established by a Ministerial Decision entering into force in February 2017 until the end of 2017. The costs of construction of the centre are estimated at €4.5 million. Reference has also been made to pre-removal centres in the remaining hotspots, although an implementing legal instrument has yet to be issued.

The expansion of detention practice to promote returns from EU border countries goes beyond Greece. At the end of 2016, Italy announced the re-opening of four Identification and Expulsion Centres (CIE) not currently operating. The government also requested the CIE in Rome, Torino, Brindisi and Caltanissetta to reserve 90 places each, specifically for Nigerian nationals.

Artikeln med länkar (Extern länk)

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EU-kommissionen 17-03-02:

Kommissionen efterlyser snabbare genomförande av partnerskapsramen för migration till sidans topp

Inför Europeiska rådets möte nästa vecka rapporterar kommissionen och den höga representanten/vice ordföranden för tredje gången om de framsteg som gjorts vad gäller partnerskapsramen för migration och redovisar de första steg som tagits för att genomföra åtgärder längs den centrala Medelhavsrutten, i enlighet med Maltaförklaringen av den 3 februari och det gemensamma meddelandet av den 25 januari. Det har visserligen gjorts påtagliga framsteg vad gäller de fem prioriterade afrikanska länderna Etiopien, Niger, Mali och Senegal, men det behövs trots detta ytterligare insatser för att man ska nå resultat. Det pågår insatser längs den centrala Medelhavsrutten för att bättre klara av migrationen, rädda liv, intensifiera kampen mot människosmugglare och människohandlare, erbjuda skydd till migranter som behöver detta och öka vidarebosättning och frivilligt återvändande. Dessa insatser genomförs med fullt iakttagande av EU:s humanitära skyldigheter och de mänskliga rättigheterna

- Partnerskap är ett centralt begrepp för Europeiska unionens politik på alla områden, säger Europeiska unionens höga representant för utrikes frågor och säkerhetspolitik/vice ordförande för Europeiska kommissionen Federica Mogherini. De viktigaste utmaningarna i vår tid kan vi endast lösa i samarbete med våra partner. Genom partnerskapsramen och de åtgärder som anges i Maltaförklaringen har vi skapat en verkligt heltäckande migrationspolitik, som grundar sig på partnerskap och har försetts med nödvändiga investeringar och resurser . Därigenom kan vi fortsätta att arbeta tillsammans för att rädda liv, upplösa kriminella nätverk, ge människor bättre möjligheter och gemensamt hantera migrationsflödena på ett hållbart, respektfullt och humant sätt.

Ett snabbare genomförande av partnerskapsramen

(...)

Hela pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

Tredje lägesrapporten om partnerskapsramen med tredjeländerna inom den europeiska migrationsagendan (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

Se även:

The Local 17-03-02: Merkel heads to North Africa to talk business and refugees (Extern länk)

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Utrikesdepartementet 17-03-01:

Fakta-PM: Migration längs den centrala Medelhavsrutten till sidans topp

Faktapromemoria 2016/17:FPM72, Dokumentbeteckning JOIN(2017) 4

Sammanfattning

I enlighet med den europeiska agendan för migration har EU de senaste två åren tagit fram strategier, infört åtgärder och tillfört finansiering för att hantera flykting- och migrationskrisen, bland annat längs den centrala Medelhavsrutten. Sedan 2015 har EU även permanenterat sin närvaro på Medelhavet genom ett antal operationer, vilket har räddat tusentals liv. EU har också intensifierat sitt samarbete med ett antal afrikanska länder.

Trots ökade insatser på området är den centrala Medelhavsrutten idag dominerande för de irreguljära migrationsströmmarna över Medelhavet. Under 2016 färdades 181 000 migranter över centrala Medelhavsrutten för att nå Italien. Mer än 4 500 människor drunknade i Medelhavet 2016 i sin strävan att nå Europa. Det mänskliga lidandet är oacceptabelt.

Libyen utmärker sig som ett av de viktigaste avreseländerna i Nordafrika. Det är ett land i vilket det råder stor politisk instabilitet och en mycket allvarlig säkerhetssituation. Människosmugglare och traffickingnätverk utnyttjar situationen och bidrar till det instabila läget.

I ljuset av ovanstående presenterade den Höga representanten för utrikes- och säkerhetsfrågor och kommissionen den 25 januari 2017 ett gemensamt meddelande om operativa åtgärder fokuserade på den centrala Medelhavsrutten. Syftet är att hantera irreguljära migrationsflöden och att rädda liv. Genom en stärkt libysk kustbevakning och en intensifierad kamp mot människosmugglare förväntas antalet farliga resor över Medelhavet minska. Parallellt med detta planeras insatser för att förbättra villkoren och

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ECRE 17-03-03:

EU eyeing up Tunisia for next migration deal? till sidans topp

Planned visits by Germany and Italy as well as the EU Commission's Renewed Action Plan and Third Progression report of the Migration Partnership Framework identifying Tunisia as one of the priority countries reveal increasing interest from EU and Member States in cooperation with Tunisia on migration control.

Germany and Italy are both mounting the pressure on the Tunisian authorities with planned visits in the near future where readmission of rejected asylum seekers will be discussed. The European Commission has identified Tunisia in its Renewed Action Plan on return policy as a priority country to conclude a readmission agreement in imitation of Belgium, which has done this in December 2016.

EU talks with Tunisia include simplifying visa procedures in exchange for a readmission agreement that would make it easier for the EU to deport Tunisians staying illegally in Europe, or other nationals who arrived from Tunisia. For the EU to deport nationals who arrived from Tunisia, Tunisia would need to be recognised as a 'safe third country.' According to a joint statement from NGOs in Germany, Italy and, Tunisia does not qualify as safe given the lack of effective asylum legislation and adequate reception capacity. The statement also points out that there are no human rights safeguards in place in Tunisia. The NGOs call for increased EU support for Tunisia's fight against terrorism without linkages to migration control and readmission.

On March 2, a press release from the EU Commission calls for accelerated delivery of results under the Migration Partnership Framework and actions along the Mediterranean Route further illustrates the intensified focus on migration control at the Southern EU borders.

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Asylnytt 17-03-08:

Inget EU-ansvar för överenskommelsen med Turkiet enligt EU-domstolen till sidans topp

Tre asylsökande riskerade att skickas tillbaka till Turkiet i enlighet med överenskommelsen från den 18 mars mellan EU-staterna och Turkiet. De tre vände sig till EU-domstolen eftersom de ansåg att de riskerade förföljelse om de skulle utvisas vidare från Turkiet. De ifrågasatte om avtalet med Turket var förenligt med EU-rätten. Europeiska Rådet har yttrat sig och anser att EU-domstolen inte har kompetens att bedöma saken. Nu har domstolen tagit ett beslut med samma ställningstagande vilket innebär att de inte tar upp klagomålen till behandling. Enligt EU-domstolen togs uttalandet den 18 mars av representanter för EU:s medlemsstater och Turkiet. EU som institution har inget med detta att göra. Detta till skillnad från rådsmötet den 17 mars som var ett EU-möte.

En av domarna i sin helhet (Extern länk)

Pressmeddelande pdf

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Arkiveringsdatum 170224:

High Level Working Group on Asylum and Migration 17-01-24:

Outcome of proceedings, Summary of discussions till sidans topp

Document leaked by Statewatch Februari 2017

/Asylnytt: Protokoll från arbetsgruppens möte, kring partnerskap, Khartoum processen, Budapestprocessen mm, med vissa ställningstaganden från medlemsstaterna. Innehåller även uppdatering i tabellform av en rad processer:/

"an updated overview of the main external migration dialogues and processes implemented in the framework of the EU Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (GAMM). The document is compiled for the information of the EU High Level Working Group on Asylum and Migration by the responsible European Commission services, in association with the EEAS."

"The Eastern Partnership is the framework for cooperation between the EU and Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. Joint Declarations were adopted at Eastern Partnership Summits of Prague (2009), Warsaw (2011) and Vilnius (2013) and Riga (2015). "

"The Budapest Process was initiated in 1991 as a consultative forum, currently containing of more than 50 governments and 10 international organisations, aiming at developing comprehensive and sustainable systems for orderly migration. Within the Budapest Process, a Silk Routes Partnership for Migration was established at the Ministerial Conference held in Istanbul on 19 April 2013. The Istanbul Declaration sets out the main objectives and activities of the countries along this migratory route. "

"The Africa-EU Migration and Mobility Dialogue is the framework for dialogue and cooperation on migration issues between the EU and all African States. It was launched at the second Africa-EU Summit in December 2007 in Lisbon. The third Action Plan (2014-2017) was adopted at the Africa-EU Summit on 2-3 April 2014 together with the Africa-EU Declaration on Migration and Mobility. This dialogue will contribute to the implementation of the Valetta Action Plan."

(...)

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ECRE 17-02-10:

Clingendael report: EU external migration policies misaligned with reality till sidans topp

On the February 1, Dutch think tank Clingendael released a report on the relationship between irregular migration and conflict and stability in Mali, Niger and Libya. The report's main finding is that current EU policies are misaligned with the reality of trans-Saharan migration.

The report argues that European external migration policies fail to take into account the diverse socio-political dynamics of intra-African migration. EU policies focus on stemming migration flows through securitised measures as a means to stop human smuggling. However, it disregards local actors such as transportation companies facilitating irregular movements, local security forces gaining income by bribery and road taxes, political elites facilitating irregular migration in exchange for money and local population offering to sell food and lodging to earn a living. Ignoring such essential local dynamics prevents the establishment of effective migration management policies. A worrying mistake given the EU's increased focus on the external dimension of migration in the context of the Partnership Framework.

The report encourages the EU to focus on peace building processes and invest in both conflict- and politically sensitive state building as well as regional cooperation.

Artikeln med länkar till rapporten och andra källor (Extern länk)

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Europeiska rådet 17-02-13:

Afghanistan: EU to sign a cooperation agreement on partnership and development till sidans topp

On 13 February 2017, the Council decided to sign a cooperation agreement on partnership and development between the EU and Afghanistan. The agreement will be signed on Saturday, 18 February 2017 at 18.20 in Munich by the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Federica Mogherini and the Minister of Finance of Afghanistan Eklil Ahmad Hakimi, in presence of President of Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani.

The cooperation agreement on partnership and development will constitute a new framework for EU-Afghan relation. It formalises the EU's commitment to Afghanistan's development under the "decade of transformation" (2014-2024), building on the undertakings given at the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan on 4-5 October 2016.

The agreement reflects the principles and conditions on which the future partnership will be based. It places an emphasis on regular political dialogue, including on human rights issues, in particular the rights of women and children. The agreement provides for the development of a mutually beneficial relationship across an increasingly wide range of economic and political areas such as the rule of law, health, rural development, education, science and technology, as well as actions to combat corruption, money laundering, terrorist financing, organised crime and narcotics. It also foresees cooperation on migration, based on the Joint Way Forward on migration issues adopted in early October 2016. The cooperation agreement will also enable the EU and Afghanistan to work together to jointly address global challenges, such as nuclear security, non-proliferation and climate change.

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Amnesty International 17-02-14:

Human rights cost of refugee deal with Turkey too high to be replicated elsewhere till sidans topp

The EU-Turkey refugee deal has left thousands of refugees and migrants in squalid and dangerous living conditions, and must not be replicated with other countries, Amnesty International said today ahead of the deal's one year anniversary.

The deal aimed at returning asylum-seekers back to Turkey on the premise that Turkey is safe for them, has left thousands exposed to squalid and unsafe conditions on Greek islands. In the new briefing "A Blueprint for Despair" Amnesty International also documented unlawful returns of asylum-seekers to Turkey in a flagrant breach of their rights under international law.

"The EU-Turkey deal has been a disaster for the thousands who have been left stranded in a dangerous, desperate and seemingly endless limbo on the Greek islands," said Gauri van Gulik, Amnesty International's Deputy Director for Europe.

"It is disingenuous in the extreme that European leaders are touting the EU-Turkey deal as a success, while closing their eyes to the unbearably high cost to those suffering the consequences."

Stockpiled in squalor

When the deal came into force, all refugees and migrants were automatically held in detention centres. While there is no longer a strict detention regime, those in the camps are still unable to leave the islands. As a result they are forced to endure squalid living conditions for months on end in overcrowded camps, with a lack of hot water, poor hygiene, bad nutrition, and inadequate medical care.

Conditions on the islands are not only degrading but also put the physical well-being and lives of refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants at risk. In the evening of 24 November 2016, a gas canister used for cooking in Moria camp on the island of Lesvos exploded and led to the death of a 66-year old Iraqi woman and a 6 year-old child living in the adjoining tent.

(...)

Hela uttalandet (Extern länk)

Hämta dokumentet "A Blueprint for Despair" om avtalet med Turkiet (Extern länk)

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Picum 17-02-22:

Cooperation with Libyan authorities will expose people to ill-treatment till sidans topp

Over 70 organisations send letter to EU heads of state and EU policymakers expressing concern about proposed EU cooperation with Libya.

The decision to transfer the responsibility for managing migratory movements along the central Mediterranean route to Libya will neither reduce human rights abuses, nor end smuggling. Instead, it will significantly increase harm and suffering.

EU plans will exacerbate arrests and detention of migrants in Libya and increase exposure to severe human rights abuses.

The UN-backed government in Tripoli has only a limited and precarious hold on power, competing with a variety of other actors. The EU itself describes Libya as 'unsafe' and systematic violence towards refugees and migrants has been widely documented. Multiple reports of human rights groups have described the grave, harrowing conditions in Libya: rape, torture, executions, and other sufferings. Our organizations have documented prolonged arbitrary detention, torture and other ill-treatment in the very centres where refugees and migrants are detained after being intercepted at sea by Libyan entities performing coastguard activities.

The Malta Declaration purports that the EU will "seek to ensure adequate reception capacities and conditions in Libya for migrants, together with UNHCR and IOM". However, in a joint statement issued ahead of the informal Summit in Malta, these organisations have stated that "security constraints continue to hinder our ability to deliver life-saving assistance, provide basic services to the most vulnerable and find solutions through resettlement, assisted voluntary return or self-reliance". This leaves any assurances in relation to monitoring of human rights and the improvement of detention conditions entirely empty.

(...)

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Se även:

Riksdagen 17-02-14: Debatt om regeringens återrapportering från Europeiska rådets möte 3 februari (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170214:

Europeiska Rådet 17-02-03:

Malta: Informellt möte mellan EU:s stats- och regeringschefer till sidans topp

De viktigaste resultaten

Det informella toppmötet på Malta, med Maltas premiärminister Joseph Muscat som värd, leddes av Europeiska rådets ordförande Donald Tusk och bestod av två delar. På förmiddagen beslutade EU:s ledare om åtgärder för att hejda inströmningen av irreguljära migranter från Libyen till Italien. På eftermiddagen diskuterade de förberedelserna inför det kommande firandet av 60-årsdagen av Romfördragen den 25 mars 2017.

Samarbete EU-Libyen för att hejda migrationsflödet

På förmiddagen diskuterade EU:s 28 stats- och regeringschefer migrationens externa dimension. De antog Maltaförklaringen, vilken är inriktad på åtgärder för att hejda migrationsflödet från Libyen till Italien.

I förklaringen konstateras att över 181 000 irreguljära migranter anlände via den centrala Medelhavsrutten under 2016 och att antalet döda eller saknade till havs har nått en ny rekordnivå varje år sedan 2013.

Med tanke på att våren närmar sig beslutade ledarna att vidta ytterligare åtgärder för att avsevärt minska flödet av migranter, omintetgöra smugglarnas affärsmodell och rädda liv. De enades särskilt om att intensifiera samarbetet med de libyska myndigheterna.

Ur Maltaförklaringen: "Insatser för att stabilisera Libyen är viktigare än någonsin, och EU kommer att göra sitt yttersta för att bidra till detta mål. I Libyen är kapacitetsuppbyggnad avgörande för att myndigheterna ska kunna få kontroll över land- och havsgränserna samt bekämpa transittrafik och människosmuggling."

EU:s ledare bekräftade sitt stöd till presidentrådet och den nationella samlingsregeringen, som FN står bakom. De sade sig även vara redo att samarbeta med libyska regionala och lokala samhällen samt internationella organisationer som är aktiva i landet.

(...)

Hela pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

EU-kommissionen 17-02-03: Malta Summit: Reaffirming our values and stabilising the Central Mediterranean route (Extern länk)

Malta Declaration by the members of the European Council on the external aspects of migration: addressing the Central Mediterranean route (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

Europeiska rådet 17-02-02: Remarks by President Donald Tusk after his meeting with Prime Minister of Libya Fayez al-Sarraj (Extern länk)

Se även:

Utrikesdepartementet 17-02-08: Ukraina, Libyen och Egypten i fokus på möte med EU-ländernas utrikesministrar (Extern länk)

Céline Bauloz in EU Migration Law Blog 17-01-31: The EU Migration partnership framework: an external solution to the crisis? (Extern länk)

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Läkare Utan Gränser 17-02-03:

Malta-deklarationen handlar bara om att hålla folk borta från EU:s stränder till sidans topp

Malta-deklarationen är ännu ett bevis på att EU:s ledare bara har ett enda mål: att hejda inflödet. Det skriver Arjan Hehenkamp, generalsekreterare för nederländska Läkare Utan Gränser och nyss hemkommen från Tripoli, i en kommentar till dagens avtal mellan EU och Libyen.

"Med sin "Malta-deklaration" om centrala Medelhavet visar EU att man svävar i villfarelse om hur farlig situationen i Libyen faktiskt är. Människorna som räddas av våra båtar berättar för oss att andra personer, som fortfarande är kvar i Libyen, svälter i interneringslägren, att de trakasseras och utsätts för övergrepp. Det sista de behöver är att EU och Italien nu sällar sig till fienden. Malta-deklarationen är ännu ett bevis på att EU:s ledare bara har ett enda mål: att hejda inflödet. Syftet med dagens avtal var inte att rädda liv. Det är uppenbart att EU är berett att offra tusentals utsatta män, kvinnor och barn för att förhindra att de når Europas stränder. Deklarationen innehåller inga alternativ för dem som inte kan stanna kvar i Libyen och som även skulle utsättas för fara om de skickades hem. De föreslagna sätten för att förbättra situationen för flyktingar och migranter i Libyen innehåller allvarliga brister. Kort sagt är den här planen inget annat än ytterligare ett sätt att hålla dem borta från Europas stränder."

Arjan Hehenkamp, generalsekreterare Läkare Utan Gränser, Nederländerna, och nyss hemkommen från Tripoli.

IOM 17-02-03: IOM/UNHCR Joint Statement on European Council Meeting in Malta (Extern länk)

Human Rights Watch 17-02-01: EU: Put Rights Above Politics (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170126:

EU-kommissionen 17-01-25:

Den centrala Medelhavsrutten - kommissionen bidrar till Maltadiskussionen till sidans topp

Inför mötet mellan stats- och regeringscheferna på Malta den 3 februari 2017 lämnar kommissionen och EU:s utrikesrepresentant i dag ett bidrag till diskussionen om hur man ska hantera migrationen längs den centrala Medelhavsrutten bättre och rädda liv.

Kommissionen och utrikesrepresentanten lägger fram ett antal kompletterande åtgärder som ska stärka EU:s arbete längs den här rutten, särskilt i och kring Libyen. Åtgärderna ska bekämpa nätverken för människosmuggling och människohandel och hjälpa till att hantera migrationsflödena effektivare, fortsätta att rädda människoliv till havs och förbättra levnadsvillkoren för migranter och flyktingar i Libyen och i grannländerna.

- Alltför många dör fortfarande i Medelhavet. Vi försöker åtgärda situationen, men vi behöver göra mer. I dag lägger vi fram förslag på åtgärder på kort och medellång sikt för att få bukt med flödena till och från Nordafrika. Först och främst krävs stabilitet i Libyen och regionen som helhet. Vi fortsätter vårt stöd för den här processen, och vi kan samtidigt fortsätta att agera för att rädda liv och knäcka smugglarnas affärsmodell - det påverkar också flödena mot Europa, säger kommissionens ordförande Jean-Claude Juncker.

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Hämta EU-kommissionens förslag (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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Statewatch 17-01-13:

Report demonstrates priority given by EU to migration control in the Sahel till sidans topp

The work of the EU and its Member States to try to limit the "unprecedented numbers of irregular migrants coming through the Sahel to the coasts of the Mediterranean Sea in order to travel to Europe" are outlined in a recent joint report by the European Commission and the European External Action Service on the implementation of the EU's Sahel Regional Action Plan (RAP) between April 2015 and August 2016.

The RAP concerns Mauritania, Niger, Mali, Burkina Faso and Chad.

It was adopted on 20 April 2015 and has four priorities: preventing and countering radicalisation; creating appropriate conditions for youth; migration and mobility; and border management, illicit trafficking and transnational organised crime.

The "unprecedented numbers of irregular migrants" travelling north via the Sahel, potentially to Europe, "have put migration and mobility at the forefront of the RAP during the report period," says the Commission/EEAS report.

Niger appears to be the big success story in this regard, with the report saying that this "key transit country" has demonstrated:

"a major commitment to develop closer cooperation on migration with the EU, including an Action Plan to fight against smuggling, decrease irregular migration, and provide alternative economic opportunities to the communities most involved in smuggling operations. On the EU side, the existing CSDP mission to Niger (EUCAP Sahel Niger) has set up a permanent field office (Antenna) in Agadez, providing training and advice to the Niger civil security forces and prosecutors. Member States' support has included the provision of key equipment to assist the Niger authorities.

The report offers some numbers:

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Artikeln med dokumentation (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 161221:

EU-kommissionen 16-12-08:

Kommissionen rapporterar om den europeiska migrationsagendan till sidans topp

Kommissionen lägger idag fram en rapport om de framsteg som har gjorts i fråga om genomförandet av uttalandet från EU och Turkiet och EU:s system för omplacering och vidarebosättning.

Kommissionen har idag också antagit en fjärde rekommendation som sammanfattar Greklands framsteg med att inrätta ett fullt fungerande asylsystem och anger ett förfarande för hur Dublinöverföringarna till Grekland gradvis ska återupptas.

- Vår övergripande europeiska migrationsstrategi uppvisar positiva resultat, säger EU-kommissionens förste vice ordförande Frans Timmermans.Det framgår av det fortlöpande genomförandet av uttalandet från EU och Turkiet och den betydande minskningen av det antal irreguljära migranter som anländer till Grekland. Det märks också av de framsteg som de grekiska myndigheterna gjort med att rätta till bristerna i landets asylsystem, vilket har gjort att vi kan rekommendera ett gradvist återupptagande av Dublinöverföringarna till Grekland från och med den 15 mars 2017. Detta kommer att ytterligare förhindra olagliga inresor och sekundära förflyttningar, och är ett viktigt steg för att vi ska kunna återgå till ett normalt fungerande Dublin- och Schengensystem.

(...)

Hela pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

Thursday 8 December: The Commission publishes fourth Recommendation on urgent measures to be taken by Greece in view of the resumption of transfers under the Dublin Regulation (Extern länk)

Questions & Answers: Recommendation on the conditions for resuming Dublin transfers of asylum seekers to Greece (Extern länk)

Thursday 8 December: The Commission publishes the 8th Report on Relocation and Resettlement (Extern länk)

Hämta meddelandet COM/2016/0791 final: Eighth report on relocation and resettlement (Extern länk)

Thursday 8 December: The Commission publishes the 4th Report on the progress made in the implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement (Extern länk)

Implementing the EU-Turkey Statement - Questions and Answers (Extern länk)

Se även:

Europeiska rådets slutsatser, den 15 december 2016 (Extern länk)

ECRE 16-12-14: Joint NGO statement ahead of the European Council of 15 December 2016: EU leaders can save lives in winter if they change migration policies (Extern länk)

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ECRE 16-12-09:

Commission proposes to increase returns to Turkey and re-start returns to Greece till sidans topp

The European Commission published its Fourth Report on the implementation of the EU-Turkey deal this week. The publication comes together with a Joint Action Plan of the EU Coordinator on the implementation of certain provisions of the EU-Turkey Statement that outlines several modifications to the Greek asylum procedure aiming to increase numbers of returns under the EU Turkey deal, as well as a Recommendation to EU Member States to reinstate the Dublin procedure to Greece. The proposals have been sharply criticised by a number of actors, including Amnesty International.

Three main proposals are put forward by the Commission to modify the EU Turkey deal. The first foresees the abolition of the exemption of vulnerable persons or persons falling within the family provisions of the Dublin Regulation from the exceptional border procedure applied on the Greek islands. Safeguards might only be maintained for victims of torture or other forms of violence, and families in case the right to family life is threatened. The second proposal envisages the further speeding up of the decision-making for asylum seekers such as Pakistani, Bangladeshi, Algerian, Moroccan and Tunisian nationals. Finally, the Commission urges Greece to exert stronger pressure on its Appeals Committees for faster decisions and to explore the possibility to limit the number of appeal steps in the context of the asylum process. So far a number a significant number of returns under the EU-Turkey deal have been prevented by the rulings of the Appeals Committees.

Further, the Commission recommended that Member States reinstate Dublin procedures to Greece from 15 March 2017 onwards. Ahead of the resumption of Dublin procedure and transfers to Greece, the Commission recommends Greece to ensure sufficient reception capacity, guarantee at least the minimum standards of the recast Reception Conditions Directive in all facilities, to increase the efficiency of the asylum procedure and to effectively implement the new legal aid scheme.

(...)

Hela artikeln med länkar (Extern länk)

Se även:

Human Rights Watch 16-12-10: Returns to Greece Put Refugees at Risk (Extern länk)

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EU-kommissionen 16-12-14:

First deliverables under the Partnership Framework on migration with third countries till sidans topp

Commission reports on first deliverables under the Partnership Framework on migration with third countries

Concrete progress has been made under the Partnership Framework with third countries on migration, as presented in the second progress report today by the European Commission. The partnerships between the European Union and its Member States' and with the five priority countries, Ethiopia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal have been deepened and further developed.

"The Partnership Framework is showing positive results and important building blocks for new cooperation on migration management have been agreed. Since the first report in October, further steps have been taken, and we will continue the joint EU and Member States engagement to build on the current momentum," said High Representative / Vice-President Federica Mogherini. The European Council is expected to assess the progress made under the Partnership Framework on 15 December.

Over the last months, 20 high level visits by the HR/VP, a number of EU Commissioners and Member States' ministers took place, backed by several missions at technical level. Financial assistance to support the objectives of the Valletta Action Plan has been stepped up, with an additional €500 million added to the EU Trust Fund for Africa. This brings its worth to almost €2.5 billion. To date, 64 programmes, worth approximately EUR 1 billion have already been approved under the EU Trust Fund for Africa. To increase the impact of other instruments, EUR 726.7 million will be added to the EU budget in 2017 to further support the development actions in the external dimension of migration.

(...)

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EU-kommissionen 16-12-15:

EU and IOM launch initiative for migrant protection and reintegration in Africa till sidans topp

Today the European Union, through the EU Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF), the governments of Germany and Italy, and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) have launched a new initiative to support African countries in responding to the urgent protection needs and tragic loss of life of migrants along the Central Mediterranean migration routes and in strengthening migration governance. The new "EU Trust Fund for Africa and IOM initiative for Migrant Protection and Reintegration of Returnees along the Central Mediterranean migration routes", benefiting from a €100 million allocation, will cover the Sahel and Lake Chad region and neighbouring countries, including Libya.

Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice President of the Commission declared: "The European Union is delivering on its commitments. Our primary goal is to save lives at sea, to protect the most vulnerable, to provide possible alternatives to migration and ultimately to improving people's lives. Our work with IOM helps our partners to better manage migration flows, to offer support to migrants in strained circumstances and provide reintegration opportunities to returning migrants. These are the commitments we took one year ago in the Valletta Summit, and then with the Partnership Framework on Migration, and the first results are coming. We will continue to deliver."

Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development, Neven Mimica stated: "Migrants often become stranded along migration routes in Africa and the Mediterranean and find that they are unable to continue their journey. At this point, far from home and with no money, they are faced with difficult choices in order to survive or continue their journey. They become victims of criminal networks and are subject to trafficking of all kinds. Migration is not about numbers, it is about human beings. This new initiative will provide credible alternatives to those men, women and children that are the most at risk".

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Arkiveringsdatum 161208:

EU-parlamentet 16-11-29:

EU-parlamentet vill frysa förhandlingarna med Turkiet till sidans topp

Manolis Kefalogiannis: "Vi stiger in i en ny fas i relationerna mellan EU och Turkiet"

Den 24 november, mer än 10 år efter inledningen av anslutningsförhandlingarna mellan EU och Turkiet inleddes, röstade parlamentet om att begära att dessa tillfälligt stoppas. Stoppet skulle gälla tills dess att de "oproportionerliga repressiva åtgärder" hävts som regeringen i Ankara vidtagit som svar på den misslyckade kuppen i somras. Turkiet har svarat genom att hota med att låta tusentals migranter passera genom Europa.

- Vi har stigit in i en ny fas i relationerna mellan EU och Turkiet", sade Manolis Kefalogiannis (EPP, Grekland) ordförande för parlamentets delegation till den gemensamma parlamentariska kommittén mellan EU och Turkiet.

Men han konstaterade också:

- EU fortsätter vara Turkiets viktigaste och mest pålitliga partner.

Varför vill Europaparlamentet frysa anslutningsförhandlingarna med Turkiet?

Efter den misslyckade militärkuppen i juli 2016 har tiotusentals människor, inklusive militär personal, statstjänstemän, lärare och universitetsrektorer, åklagare, journalister och oppositionspolitiker, fått sparken, stängts av eller arresterats och fängslats.

Ledamöterna bekymras utav tillslaget och Turkiets president Erdogans hot om att återinföra dödstraffet.

- Turkiet måste sluta visa upp ett enormt demokratiskt underskott, särskilt efter kuppen den 15 juli 2016, och måste upphöra med funderingar på att återinföra dödsstraffet. Därutöver måste Turkiet anta EU:s värden och standarder, respektera medlemsvillkoren och sluta ifrågasätta internationella avtal såsom Lausanne-fördraget, sade Manolis Kefalogiannis i ett uttalande till oss.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 161123:

ECRE 16-11-04:

Libyan coast guards attacking migrants raises concerns over Operation Sophia till sidans topp

The allegation that the Libyan Coast Guard violently assaulted a vessel transporting asylum seekers raises strong concerns about the EU's collaboration with the Libyan navy, which commenced last week as part of the EU's Operation Sophia.

German NGO Sea Watch reported that during a rescue operation two weeks ago, a rubber dinghy carrying 150 - 160 people was attacked by the Libyan Coast Guard. According to Sea Watch, coast guards were seen hitting migrants and causing the deflation of the vessel. The attack led to the drowning of approximately 30 people. While Sea Watch published pictures of the incident, the Libyan Coast Guard merely confirmed its presence at the scene but denied the alleged attack. After the attack, Sea Watch spokesperson Ruben Neugebauer said, "Next week training starts with the Libyan coastguard. We think it's quite important to think about with whom we are collaborating.

"The training will start in the framework of Operation Sophia which was launched in June last year as an EU military mission with the objective of "disrupt[ing] the business model of human smugglers and traffickers" in the Central Mediterranean. In June this year, the Operation's mandate was reinforced to include the training of the Libyan Coast Guard and Navy. The training, with the objective of enhancing the coast guard's ability to disrupt smuggling and trafficking as well as to perform search and rescue operations, begun last week.

The decision to continue the training despite the attack was criticised by ProAsyl. The organization condemned the EU's cooperation, saying that the EU hereby becomes an accomplice to the breaches of human rights committed by the Libyan Coast Guard.

Artikeln med källor (Extern länk)

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Statewatch 16-11-14:

Turkey is not safe for children: 56 MEPs call on EU to stop sending back migrants till sidans topp

A letter signed by 56 MEPs addressed to numerous officials from the European Commission, the UNHCR and the International Organisation for Migration highlights the abysmal educational and living standards for children in Turkey and calls for "the cessation of readmissions and returns of migrants to Turkey, especially of vulnerable categories such as children." Of particular concern is the fact that many Syrian children are employed in Turkish textile factories where they "work in painful conditions, in very close contact with a wide range of toxic chemicals and other hazardous substances such as hydrochloric acid."

The letter concludes by calling (emphasis added):

"- on the Commission and Member States to explicitly include the aforementioned principle of coherence in all treaties signed by them, keeping by this way with international commitments on the respect of human rights. We note that this will require intensive cooperation between different directorates-general, within the Commission and the European External Action Service;

- on all States, and in particular EU Member States, to prioritise for immediate action the establishment of mandatory human rights due diligence for business enterprises which are owned or controlled by the State, and/or receive substantial support and services from State agencies or European institutions as well as for businesses that provide goods or services through public procurement contracts;

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 161015:

Amnesty International 16-10-04:

Europe on the brink of a dangerous precedent in the refugee crisis till sidans topp

By Giorgos Kosmopoulos, Amnesty International's Europe Researcher on Migration

You may never know his real name, but this week a Syrian asylum-seeker may unwillingly become an historic figure in the refugee crisis. I met him in detention, during a research visit on the island of Lesvos last week.

Known as "Noori" to protect his identity, this 21 year old student risks becoming the first refugee to be forcibly returned from Greece to Turkey under the EU-Turkey deal without the substance of his asylum claim being considered, setting a dangerous new precedent.

Greece's highest administrative court, the Council of State, is currently considering whether to suspend his deportation, following an earlier decision by the Asylum Appeals Committee that Turkey is a "safe third country" for Syrians. But evidence suggests that Turkey, at least currently, is far from safe for asylum-seekers and refugees.

Noori's story

Noori comes from a family of doctors and wanted to help others in Syria, so he went to university to study nursing: "I wanted to become a nurse to help the injured. After all I have seen is the least I can do."

He told me he was eight months into his training when the bombings made it impossible to reach the hospital. In April 2015 his village was hit and he saw two neighbouring families die with his own eyes. He was close friends with the son of one of the families.

"The father was the headmaster of my school, only my friend survived from the bombing, the rest of the family died. This is when I decided to leave, I couldn't take it anymore."

So Noori left Syria on 9 June 2016 and headed to Europe in search of safety; in search of a future.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160930:

Lesvos Legal Centre 16-09-22:

EU and Greece: Stop fanning the flames in Lesbos till sidans topp

We, the Lesvos Legal Centre, publish this statement to call on Greek and EU authorities to protect the rights of all individuals seeking protection in Europe who have been subjected to detention at the Moria camp, where a fire spread on Monday 19 September, destroying a large section of the camp.

We are an independent group of lawyers and legally trained volunteers working with refugees and migrants on the Island of Lesbos, Greece. The individuals we assist have arrived to Greece after being forced to flee their home countries in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. They all risk their lives, arriving by boat across the Mediterranean, and seek protection for themselves and their families. The reception they have received by the EU and Greece is unacceptable. The conditions and procedures imposed at Moria are a violation of human decency, the basic tenets of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the 1951 Refugee Convention and standards required by the Common European Asylum System framework.

In light of the widespread unrest and fire at Moria on 19 September, we are particularly concerned that this event will aggravate the existing precarious situation for all those seeking protection in Lesbos, and we call for immediate action to redress the following violations and prevent their reoccurrence:

+ The deplorable inhuman conditions on Moria and throughout Greece, and lack of security in particular for individuals with special needs, women and minors, violate Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) as confirmed by the European Court on Human Rights.

(...)

Hela uttalandet (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160914:

EU-kommissionen 16-09-28:

Refugees in Turkey: EU signs grants to help refugees on education and health till sidans topp

Today, the European Commission signed two direct grants worth €600 million to support Syrian refugees and host communities in Turkey in the areas of education and health. Since March this year, the EU has mobilised more than €2 billion out of its total budget of €3 billion under the Facility for Refugees in Turkey. The Facility supports the implementation of both the EU-Turkey Joint Action Plan and the EU-Turkey Statement and is designed to address the most critical needs of Syrian refugees and host communities living in Turkey today.

Läs längre pressmeddelande (Extern länk)

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EU-kommissionen 16-09-28:

Commission reports on progress made under the European Agenda on Migration till sidans topp

The Commission is today reporting on the progress made on the EU's relocation and resettlement schemes and the implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement. At the same time, it is outlining the steps still needed to be taken by Greece in view of a future resumption of Dublin transfers from other Member States while also reporting on the temporary border controls carried out at internal Schengen borders under the Council recommendation of 12 May 2016.

European Commission First Vice-President Frans Timmermans said: "The implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement has continued, and the reduction in attempts to cross the Aegean and in deaths at sea has confirmed its core rationale. I also welcome the efforts of Member States to increase relocation and resettlement. However, those who can do more should do so urgently. We can only effectively manage asylum and migration in Europe, and preserve the Schengen area, if we all work together in a spirit of solidarity and responsibility."

Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship, Dimitris Avramopoulos said: "All our measures on migration are interlinked. The EU-Turkey Statement has led to concrete positive results. The increased efforts made by Member States over the past months on relocation, with more than 1,200 relocations alone in September, demonstrate that relocation can be speeded up if there is political will and a sense of responsibility. The success of our common approach over the last months is essential for the success of everything else, including a gradual return to the Dublin system and a normal functioning of Schengen. Relocation has to succeed."

Artikeln med länkar till längre pressmeddelande och flera rapporter (Extern länk)

EU-kommissionen 16-09-28: Implementing the EU-Turkey Statement - Questions and Answers (Extern länk)

Läs eller hämta "Sixth report on relocation and resettlement", COM(2016)636 final (Extern länk)

EASO 16-10-10: 1 Year of Relocation: See Facts and Figures (Extern länk)

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EU-kommissionen 16-09-28:

Refugees in Turkey: EU signs grants to help refugees on education and health till sidans topp

Today, the European Commission signed two direct grants worth €600 million to support Syrian refugees and host communities in Turkey in the areas of education and health. Since March this year, the EU has mobilised more than €2 billion out of its total budget of €3 billion under the Facility for Refugees in Turkey. The Facility supports the implementation of both the EU-Turkey Joint Action Plan and the EU-Turkey Statement and is designed to address the most critical needs of Syrian refugees and host communities living in Turkey today.

Läs längre pressmeddelande (Extern länk)

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EU-kommissionen 16-09-28:

Commission reports on progress made under the European Agenda on Migration till sidans topp

The Commission is today reporting on the progress made on the EU's relocation and resettlement schemes and the implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement. At the same time, it is outlining the steps still needed to be taken by Greece in view of a future resumption of Dublin transfers from other Member States while also reporting on the temporary border controls carried out at internal Schengen borders under the Council recommendation of 12 May 2016.

European Commission First Vice-President Frans Timmermans said: "The implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement has continued, and the reduction in attempts to cross the Aegean and in deaths at sea has confirmed its core rationale. I also welcome the efforts of Member States to increase relocation and resettlement. However, those who can do more should do so urgently. We can only effectively manage asylum and migration in Europe, and preserve the Schengen area, if we all work together in a spirit of solidarity and responsibility."

Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship, Dimitris Avramopoulos said: "All our measures on migration are interlinked. The EU-Turkey Statement has led to concrete positive results. The increased efforts made by Member States over the past months on relocation, with more than 1,200 relocations alone in September, demonstrate that relocation can be speeded up if there is political will and a sense of responsibility. The success of our common approach over the last months is essential for the success of everything else, including a gradual return to the Dublin system and a normal functioning of Schengen. Relocation has to succeed."

Artikeln med länkar till längre pressmeddelande och flera rapporter (Extern länk)

EU-kommissionen 16-09-28: Implementing the EU-Turkey Statement - Questions and Answers (Extern länk)

Läs eller hämta "Sixth report on relocation and resettlement", COM(2016)636 final (Extern länk)

EASO 16-10-10: 1 Year of Relocation: See Facts and Figures (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160831:

Frontex 16-08-18:

Two years of capacity building in Eastern Partnership countries till sidans topp

Over the last two years, 475 border guards and customs officials from six Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries have taken part in various training activities organised by Frontex on topics that include detection of falsified documents, human trafficking, risk analysis and benefits of institutional transparency.

The Eastern Partnership Integrated Border Management Capacity Building Project is a European Union-funded activity coordinated by Frontex, which helps to improve the movement of persons and goods across borders while stopping any illegal activity. It is based on the idea of Integrated Border Management, which relies on coordination and cooperation among all the relevant authorities and agencies involved in border security and trade facilitation to establish effective and coordinated border management.

The six Eastern Partnership countries are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine.

The project addresses national agencies involved in border management, such as border police and customs. Those ultimately benefiting from improved border management include not only travellers and commercial operators crossing borders, but also people in need of special protection such as asylum seekers, potential victims of human trafficking, and unaccompanied minors.

Frontex provides training support based on the specific needs of each participating country. The creation of a modern training system according to EU best practices; improved process of border crossing for passengers, traders and freight; raising awareness and support to the fight against corruption and safeguarding the fundamental rights of persons crossing the borders are among the main goals of the project.

(...)

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EU External Action 16-08-23:

Operation SOPHIA: signed the agreement on Libyan Coast Guard and Navy Training till sidans topp

"The Memorandum Of Understanding signed today, is another key step towards the beginning of the cooperation with the Libyan Coast Guard and Navy".

With these words Rear Admiral (Upper Half) Enrico Credendino , EUNAVFOR MED Operation Commander, welcomed today 23 August 2016, the Memorandum of Understanding on the training of the Libyan Coast Guard and Navy with the Libyan representative.

The agreement was signed this morning by the Operation Commander and Commodore Abdalh Toumia, Commander of Libyan Coastguard and Port Security in the EUNAVFOR MED Headquarters in Rome.

Since the Council decision of 18 May 2015, operation SOPHIA is contributing to the EU efforts to disrupt the business model of human smuggling and trafficking networks in the Southern Central Mediterranean, undertaking systematic efforts to identify, capture and dispose of vessels and assets used, or suspected of being used, by smugglers and traffickers. The Council of the European Union, last 20 June 2016, extended EUNAVFOR MED's mandate until 27 July 2017 and added two supporting tasks: the capacity building and training of the Libyan Coastguard and Navy and the contribution to the implementation of the UN arms embargo on the high seas off the coast of Libya. With today's signature, EUNAVFOR MED and the Libyan Coast Guard and Navy representative, agreed on the programme meant to conduct, in coordination with other EU agencies and other international actors, all needed training activities.

The capacity building will be divided in three main packages: training at sea, ashore (in EU Member States training facilities, or in Libya) and on board Libyan Coast Guard and Navy Patrol Boats.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160509:

Utrikesdepartementet 16-04-19:

Libyen i fokus på utrikesministermöte till sidans topp

Libyen stod på dagordningen både som formell och informell punkt när rådet för utrikes frågor möttes i Luxemburg 18 april. Libyens premiärminister Fayez Mustafa al-Sarrajd medverkade på videolänk från Triploi i en gemensam diskussion med utrikes- och försvarsministrarna. Därutöver diskuterades migration med UNHCR:s chef samt Östliga partnerskapet. Utrikesminister Margot Wallström deltog i utrikesministermötet och försvarsminister Peter Hultqvist anslöt till libyendiskussionen.

I slutsatserna uttrycks beredskap att erbjuda säkerhetsstöd som svar på en eventuell förfrågan från Libyen. Bland det stöd som kan ges nämns kapacitetsuppbyggnad inom rättsväsendet, gränshantering och bekämpande av människosmuggling. EU uttryckte även beredskap att utöka mandadet för sin insats till sjöss mot människosmugglare i Medelhavet, Eunavfor Med, kallad Operation Sophia. Operation Sophia har hittills räddat drygt 12 000 personer.

Under kvällen anslöt EU:s försvarsministrar till ett gemensamt möte för att diskutera EU:s vidare insatser i Libyen.

Flyktingsituationen med UNHCR

EU:s utrikesministrar träffade även chefen för UNHCR Filippo Grandi för att diskuskutera flyktingsituationen i Europa. Utrikesministrarna betonade vikten av återvändande, skyddet av de yttre gränserna och samarbete med ursprungs- och transitländer. Det konstaterades att EU nu agerar på flera områden, bland annat genom båtar på Medelhavet och insatser för att bryta ned smugglarnas affärsmodell och rädda liv. För Libyen är det viktigt att ge stöd till träning av kustbevakningen samt att operationsområdet utökades österut. Målet är att rädda liv och effektivt hantera migrationsflödena.

(...)

Pressmeddelandet med länk till utrikesministermötets slutsatser (Extern länk)

Se också:

EU-kommissionen 16-04-26: New approach to better support displaced people through EU external action (Extern länk)

Läs eller hämta förslaget COM(2016) 234 final (Extern länk)

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ECRE 16-04-22:

European Commission satisfied with implementation of EU-Turkey deal till sidans topp

Earlier this week, the European Commission published its first report on the progress on the implementation of the EU-Turkey deal. The report indicated that "the sharp decrease in the number of irregular migrants and asylum seekers crossing from Turkey into Greece not only proves its effectiveness but also that the business model of smugglers can be broken". This statement was seen as particularly shocking as it came out in the same week as reports emerged of the death of 500 people after a boat capsized at an unknown location between Libya and Italy. Many organisations, including ECRE, stated that the deal will only result in opening new and more dangerous routes, with the side effect that organised criminal networks flourish, and forces people back to Turkey where they face uncertain and unsafe conditions.

Human Rights Watch (HRW) has documented a number of irregularities and human rights violations in the first deportations that took place under the deal. Through interviews with family and friends of those deported from the Greek island of Chios to Turkey, HRW reported that people were not informed about their deportation, nor the place they were being deported to. They were not allowed to bring their belongings (clothes, medicines, food, cellphone).

At the moment, UNHCR and NGOs are being denied access to the site where the returned people are being held by the Turkish authorities. ECRE's Turkish member, Multeci-Der, tried meeting with the people returned in order to offer free legal aid and inform people about their right to seek asylum, however, their request to access to removal centre was denied. Preventing lawyers from meeting with the detainees without any legal basis, violates national and European law, the organisation argues.

(...)

Artikeln med länkar (Extern länk)

EU Concilium 16-04-27: /Ej publicerat dokument, läckt av Statewatch/ Standard Operating Procedures implementing resettlement from Turkey (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

Statewatch Observatory: The refugee crisis in the Med and inside the EU (Extern länk)

Jonas Sjöstedt (V) i Statsministerns frågestund: Direktavvisning av flyktingar från Europa till Turkiet (Extern länk)

ECRE 16-04-28: EU-Turkey deal: praised by EU leaders, condemned by NGOs (Extern länk)

Maarten den Heijer, Thomas Spijkerboer i EU Law Analysis kommentar 16-04-07: Is the EU-Turkey refugee and migration deal a treaty? (Extern länk)

Agnes Hammander i ETC debatt 16-04-23: EU:s avtal med Turkiet - en moralisk kollaps (Extern länk)

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EU-kommissionen 16-05-04:

EU-kommissionen om villkoren för Turkets viseringsfrihet till sidans topp

Förslag till Europaparlamentets och Rådets förordning om ändring av förordning (EG) nr 539/2001 om fastställande av förteckningen över tredjeländer vars medborgare är skyldiga att inneha visering när de passerar de yttre gränserna och av förteckningen över de tredjeländer vars medborgare är undantagna från detta krav (Turkiet)

/utdrag:/

Kommissionen uppmanar de turkiska myndigheterna att snarast vidta de åtgärder som krävs för att nå upp till de återstående riktmärkena i färdplanen, nämligen följande:

- Antagande av åtgärder för att förhindra korruption i enlighet med färdplanen, dvs. säkerställande av en effektiv uppföljning av de rekommendationer som utfärdats av Europarådets grupp av stater mot korruption (Greco).

- Anpassning av lagstiftningen om skydd av personuppgifter till EU:s normer, särskilt för att säkerställa att dataskyddsmyndigheten kan agera på ett oberoende sätt och att de brottsbekämpande organens verksamhet omfattas av lagstiftningen.

- Förhandlingar om ett avtal om operativt samarbete med Europol; detta är beroende av den ovannämnda ändringen av lagstiftningen om skydd av personuppgifter.

- Tillhandahållande av ett effektivt straffrättsligt samarbete till alla EU-medlemsstater.

- Översyn av lagstiftning och praxis avseende terrorism i överensstämmelse med europeiska normer, särskilt genom att bättre anpassa definitionen av terrorism med definitionen i rambeslut 2002/475/JHA i dess ändrade lydelse i syfte att begränsa definitionens räckvidd, och genom att införa ett proportionalitetskriterium.

Under förutsättning att de turkiska myndigheterna snarast kommer att nå upp till de återstående riktmärkena i färdplanen, såsom de åtog sig att göra den 18 mars 2016, har kommissionen beslutat att lägga fram förslaget om ändring av förordning (EG) nr 539/2001 i syfte att häva viseringskravet för turkiska medborgare som innehar biometriska pass i överensstämmelse med EU:s standarder.

Läs eller hämta dokumentet, COM(2016) 279 final (Extern länk)

EU-kommissionen 16-05-04: Third Report on progress by Turkey in fulfilling the requirements of its visa liberalisation roadmap (Extern länk)

EU-kommissionen 16-05-04: Implementing the EU-Turkey Agreement - Questions and Answers (Extern länk)

EU-parlamentet 16-05-04: Visa liberalisation: Turkey must meet all benchmarks before EP can vote (Extern länk)

SvT Nyheter 16-05-04: EU-kommissionen öppnar för visumfrihet för Turkiet (Extern länk)

Wolfgang Hansson i Aftonbladet 16-05-04: EU fjäskar för Erdogan (Extern länk)

Svenska Dagbladet 16-05-06: Erdogan går inte med på EU:s krav i flyktingavtalet (Extern länk)

Kommentarer före EU-kommissionens meddelande:

Jacopo Barigazzi and Maīa de la Baume, Politico kommentar 16-04-29: Visa roadblock threatens EU-Turkey migration deal (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 16-05-03: Turkiet gör upp med Cypern - för visumfrihet till EU (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes kommentar 16-05-03: Turkiets visumkrav ställer EU inför svåra val (Extern länk)

Sveriges Radio Ekot 16-05-03: Flera EU-länder varnar för slopat visumkrav (Extern länk)

Sveriges Radio Ekot 16-05-03: Splittrade röster från Turkiet om kommande visumfrihet (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160422:

ECRE 16-04-08:

The EU-Turkey deal in practice: jeopardising the European asylum system till sidans topp

Amid growing civil society unrest, the EU-Turkey Agreement was adopted at the European Council meeting on 18 March 2016. Following its implementation, questions were raised about its compliance with international and EU human rights and refugee law, just as predicted by many civil society organisations, including ECRE.

On 4 April, the two processes foreseen in the Agreement started simultaneously; 202 people were returned to Dikili in Turkey from Lesvos and Chios, while on the same day 43 people were resettled from Turkey to Germany and Finland. Among the first 202 people returned, 13 wished to claim asylum in Greece, according to UNHCR's Director of Europe Bureau. They were unable to register their asylum claims as a result of the administrative chaos on the islands. In a more recent and yet more worrying development, Turkey has allegedly detained those people and has announced its intention to deport them back to their home countries (ranging from Afghanistan to DRC), according to media reports.

In order to implement the EU-Turkey Agreement, some reception centres on the Greek islands were transformed into closed detention camps. Amnesty International released a statement this week highlighting the detention centres' "appalling conditions" in Lesvos and Chios, where thousands of refugees and migrants are being held, including vulnerable people, such as babies and people with disabilities. "People detained on Lesvos and Chios have virtually no access to legal aid, limited access to services and support, and hardly any information about their current status or possible fate. The fear and desperation are palpable," said Gauri van Gulik, Deputy Director for Europe at Amnesty International. According to media reports, asylum seekers have threatened to commit suicide if they were to be returned to Turkey.

(...)

Hela artikeln (Extern länk)

Se även:

AIDA: Turkey country report (Extern länk)

ENOC 16-04-05: European Ombudspersons for Children seriously concerned by EU-Turkey agreement (Extern länk)

EU-parlamentet 16-04-13: Debatt om EU-Turkiet-avtalet: inte perfekt men verktyg för att hantera krisen (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 16-04- 10: FN:s flyktingkommisarie kritisk mot EU:s flyktingöverenskommelse (Extern länk)

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FARR 16-04-20:

EU:s avtal med Turkiet - rapport från Grekland till sidans topp

I Sverige diskuteras om det kommer tillräckligt få flyktingar, eller om "vi" fortfarande behöver andrum. Samtidigt, i Grekland: 53.000 människor är fast, väntar på en osäker omlokalisering, i tillfälliga läger i hamnstäder, vid gränserna eller inlåsta i förvar. De nyanlända efter den 19 mars hålls fängslade på öarna i väntan på en snabb "asylprocedur" som förväntas sluta med deportation till Turkiet för de flesta. I Turkiet, som nu genom EU:s avtal deklareras både som säkert första asylland och som säkert tredje land, får de flesta asylsökande fortfarande klara sig på egen hand. Nyanlända deporteras till grannländerna - Turkiet är inte något säkert land enligt samstämmiga rapporter.

FARR:s Annette Rosengren rapporterar direkt från Grekland om avtalet och konsekvenserna.

Vad står det i avtalet?

I korthet innebär avtalet följande: Alla irreguljära migranter som har kommit till de grekiska öarna från Turkiet från 20 mars 2016 och framåt ska skickas tillbaka till Turkiet om de inte har rätt till internationellt skydd. Detsamma gäller asylsökande som visar sig inte ha rätt till skydd i Grekland. För varje syrier som skickas tillbaka ska en annan syrier omlokaliseras till EU. För detta ska EU betala 3 plus 3 miljarder euro till Turkiet, slopa visumkrav för turkiska medborgare, påskynda processen för att Turkiet ska bli medlem i EU m.m. Pengarna ska användas för att förbättra syriers situation i Turkiet med mat, tak över huvudet, utbildning och sjukvård.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

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EU-kommissionen 16-04-20:

Kommissionen rapporterar om genomförandet av uttalandet från EU och Turkiet till sidans topp

- Det första resultatet av vårt samarbete med Turkiet är att budskapet börjar nå ut att det är en dålig idé att vända sig till smugglare. De senaste tre veckorna har antalet irreguljärt anlända minskat markant, och det måste nu kompletteras med laglig vidarebosättning av dem som behöver skydd. Det ser lovande ut nu i början, och kommissionen kommer att fortsätta att engagera sig för att se till att alla delar av uttalandet från EU och Turkiet genomförs till fullo och i tid, vilket omfattar projekt för syriska flyktingar i Turkiet, viseringsliberaliseringen och efterlevnaden av EU-rätten och folkrätten, säger kommissionens förste vice ordförande Frans Timmermans.

I dagens rapport konstateras att goda framsteg har gjorts sedan den 18 mars, och att de grekiska och turkiska myndigheterna, kommissionen, medlemsstaterna och EU-organen börjat genomföra uttalandet.

+ Irreguljära migranter började återsändas till Turkiet den 4 april. Hittills har 325 irreguljära migranter som kommit till Grekland från Turkiet efter den 20 mars återsänts till Turkiet enligt uttalandet. Det är positivt att Grekland och Turkiet ändrat sin lagstiftning på flera punkter för att följa EU-rätten och folkrätten. Frontex har skickat ut 318 beledsagare och 21 återtagandeexperter till de grekiska öarna som stöd för återsändandena. Dessutom har a totalt 25 turkiska sambandsansvariga stationerats i de grekiska mottagningscentrumen, medan 5 grekiska sambandsansvariga har skickats till ankomstorter i Turkiet.

+ De första vidarebosättningarna från Turkiet efter uttalandet ägde rum den 4-5 april. Hittills har 103 syriska flyktingar vidarebosatts i EU enligt 1:1-principen. Rutiner för vidarebosättning har tagits fram i samarbete med kommissionen, medlemsstaterna, Europeiska stödkontoret för asylfrågor (Easo), FN:s flyktingkommissariat (UNHCR) och Turkiet, och rutinerna behöver nu spikas slutgiltigt.

(...)

Hela pressmeddelandet med länkar till rapporten, frågor och svar, faktablad mm (Extern länk)

Frontex 16-04-18: Number of migrants arriving in Greece dropped in March (Extern länk)

EU-kommissionen 16-04-19: Facility for Refugees in Turkey: Commission delivers an additional €110 million (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160408:

Röda Korset 16-03-17:

EU-förslag hårt slag mot asylrätten till sidans topp

Att skicka tillbaka flyktingar från Grekland till Turkiet är ett hårt slag mot asylrätten. Inför dagens toppmöte uppmanar Röda Korset EU:s stats- och regeringschefer att stå upp för människor på flykt.

- Vi är djupt oroade. I praktiken innebär förslaget att till exempel syrier, irakier, eritreaner och afghaner som flyr sina hemländer inte har möjlighet att få skydd i enlighet med FN:s Flyktingkonvention, säger Ulrika Årehed Kågström, generalsekreterare för Röda Korset.

Turkiet har skrivit under Flyktingkonventionen men med en reservation: Skyddet gäller bara människor som flytt från Europa. Därmed är Turkiet inte ett så kallat säkert tredje land och förslaget är därför, i dess nuvarande form, inte förenligt med asylrätten och EU:s asyllagstiftning.

- Asylrätten är en grundläggande mänsklig rättighet som skyddas av FN:s Flyktingkonvention. Alla asylsökande har rätt till en individuell och rättssäker prövning. Har man tagit sig till EU ska prövningen ske här. EU måste hitta alternativa lösningar som respekterar den internationella rätten och skyddar människor på flykt.

Ulrika Årehed Kågström understryker:

- Ingen ska behöva skickas tillbaka från Grekland till Turkiet utan att en individuell och rättssäker prövning har gjorts och respekterats.

Läs mer (Extern länk)

ECRE 16-03-26: PACE Migration Committee calls for collective action in response to situation in Western Balkans (Extern länk)

Hämta Europarådets rapport (Extern länk)

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Europeiska Rådet 16-03-18:

Uttalande från EU och Turkiet den 18 mars 2016 till sidans topp

I dag mötte Europeiska rådets medlemmar sin turkiska motpart. Detta var det tredje mötet sedan november 2015 som ägnades åt en fördjupning av förbindelserna mellan Turkiet och EU samt hanteringen av migrationskrisen.

Europeiska rådets medlemmar uttryckte sitt djupaste deltagande med Turkiets folk med anledning av bombattentatet i Ankara i söndags. De fördömde starkt detta avskyvärda dåd och upprepade sitt fortsatta stöd i kampen mot terrorism i alla dess former.

Turkiet och Europeiska unionen bekräftade på nytt sitt åtagande att genomföra den gemensamma handlingsplan som aktiverades den 29 november 2015. Stora framsteg har redan gjorts, inbegripet Turkiets öppnande av sin arbetsmarknad för syrier som är föremål för tillfälligt skydd, införandet av nya viseringskrav för syrier och andra nationaliteter, intensifierade säkerhetsinsatser från turkisk kustbevakning och polis samt förbättrat informationsutbyte. Dessutom har Europeiska unionen börjat betala ut beloppet på 3 miljarder euro från faciliteten för flyktingar i Turkiet till konkreta projekt, och arbetet med viseringsliberaliseringen och inom anslutningsförhandlingarna, bland annat öppnandet av kapitel 17 i december förra året, har gått framåt. Den 7 mars 2016 gick Turkiet dessutom med på ett snabbt återvändande för alla migranter som inte är i behov av internationellt skydd och som tagit sig från Turkiet till Grekland och att ta tillbaka alla irreguljära migranter som påträffats på turkiskt vatten. Turkiet och EU enades också om att fortsätta att trappa upp åtgärderna mot smugglare av migranter och välkomnade inrättandet av en Nato-insats i Egeiska havet.

Turkiet och EU inser samtidigt att det krävs ytterligare snabba och beslutsamma insatser.

(...)

Hela uttalandet (Extern länk)

EU-kommissionen Fact Sheet: EU-Turkey Agreement: Questions and Answers (Extern länk)

Steve Peers i EU Law Analysis 16-03-18: The final EU/Turkey refugee deal: a legal assessment (Extern länk)

Utrikesdepartementet 16-03-31: Regeringen stärker sitt engagemang för flyktingar i Turkiet (Extern länk)

ECRE 16-03-25: EU leaders agree on EU-Turkey Deal despite concerns over its consequences (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 16-03-18: Amnesty: Flyktingars rättigheter kan kränkas i Turkiet (Extern länk)

Svenska Dagbladet 16-03-18: UNHCR: "Flyktingar behöver skydd, inte avvisande" (Extern länk)

Aftonbladet 16-03-23: Regeringen beklagar UNHCR-besked (Extern länk)

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Läkare Utan Gränser 16-03-23:

Vi vägrar att bli del av ett omänskligt system till sidans topp

Igår kväll avslutade vi våra humanitära och medicinska aktiviteter i lägret Moria på Lesbos. Beslutet är en konsekvens av EU:s nya flyktingpolitik. Efter avtalet med Turkiet kommer Moria att omvandlas till ett slags interneringsläger varifrån migranter och asylsökande ska skickas tillbaka till Turkiet. Vi vägrar att bli del av detta omänskliga system.

- Vi har tagit det svåra beslutet att lämna Moria eftersom vi inte vill bli delaktiga i ett system som vi tycker är både orättvist och omänskligt, säger Marie Elisabeth Ingres, landansvarig för Läkare Utan Gränser i Grekland.

- Vi vill inte att våra hjälpinsatser utnyttjas i samband med massavvisningar och vi vägrar att bli en del av ett system som inte tar hänsyn till människors humanitära behov eller skyddsbehov.

Vi har sedan juli förra året arbetat i Moria. Teamen har transporterat flyktingar dit, drivit en klinik och byggt duschar och toaletter i lägret för att förbättra de hygieniska förhållandena. Samtliga aktiviteter har nu upphört. Däremot kommer vi fortsätta med andra insatser på Lesbos. Teamen kommer fortfarande att ha mobila kliniker på ön samt ett transitcenter i Mantamados där nyanlända flyktingar får hjälp. Även räddningsinsatsen på Egeiska havet som utgår från Lesbos kommer att fortsätta.

Läs mer (Extern länk)

Doctors Without Borders 16-03-18: The EU-Turkey deal: A false solution, an evasion of responsibility (Extern länk)

Läkare utan gränsers ordförande Katrin Kisswani i Expressen 16-03-27: Vi vägrar delta i EU:s cyniska byteshandel (Extern länk)

Oxfam 16-03-24: Oxfam suspends aid operations in Moria camp in protest to the suspension of migrants' rights by the EU and Turkey (Extern länk)

The Guardian 16-03-23: Refugee crisis: key aid agencies refuse any role in 'mass expulsion' (Extern länk)

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UNHCR 16-04-01:

UNHCR calls for safeguards to be in place before returns begin till sidans topp

Urging caution, the UN Refugee Agency today called on all parties to the recent agreement between the European Union and Turkey on refugees and migrants to ensure all "safeguards" are in place before any returns from Greece to Turkey begin,

UNHCR spokesperson Melissa Fleming, stressing serious gaps still existed in both countries, declared: "UNHCR does not object to returns of people without protection needs and who have not asked for asylum, providing that human rights are adhered to."

She told a press briefing in Geneva that across Greece, which has been compelled to host people because of closed borders elsewhere in Europe, "numerous aspects of the systems for receiving and dealing with people who may need international protection were still either not working or absent."

There are currently around 51,000 refugees and migrants in the country, 5,000 on the islands and 46,000 on the mainland. Recent arrivals spiked on March 29 at 766 after several days of arrivals averaging about 300 people a day.

On the island of Lesvos, conditions have been deteriorating at the Moria "hotspot" facility, which since March 20 has been used to detain people pending a decision on deportation. There are now some 2,300 people there. This is above its stated capacity of 2,000.

"People are sleeping in the open, and food supply is insufficient. Anxiety and frustration is widespread. Making matters worse, many families have become separated, with family members now scattered across Greece - and presenting an additional worry should returns begin," Fleming declared.

On Samos island, at the Vathy "hotspot", reception conditions have also been worsening. Sanitation is poor, there is little help available for persons with special needs, and food distributions are chaotic. There are currently up to 1,700 people staying at the Vial "hotspot" on Chios, which has a maximum capacity of 1,100.

(...)

Hela pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

UNHCR 16-03-23: Legal considerations on the return of asylum-seekers and refugees from Greece to Turkey (Extern länk)

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ECRE 16-04-01:

EU must face up to risks of dirty deal with Turkey till sidans topp

ECRE joins the calls for an immediate halt to the return of refugees from Greece to Turkey, scheduled to happen on 4 April. Opposition to implementation of the EU-Turkey agreement is mounting across Europe, following reports by Amnesty International detailing the illegal practices already taking place. Today, the organisation published evidence of large-scale forced returns, including of children, from Turkey to war-torn Syria, an action illegal under Turkish, EU and international law. Last week, the organisation documented the forcible return to Kabul of around 30 Afghan asylum seekers, who were denied access to asylum procedures.

These developments support ECRE's view that the examination of asylum claims cannot be based on the assumption that Turkey is a safe third country. Among other problems, Turkey does not comply with the criteria listed in Article 38 of the recast Asylum Procedures Directive which require that applicants must be protected from refoulement. The same article requires that for a country to be designated as "safe" it must be possible for asylum seekers to request and receive protection in accordance with the 1951 Refugee Convention, however Turkey imposes a geographic limitation in its application of the Convention such that only persons fleeing events occurring in Europe can obtain refugee status. Turkey has granted temporary protection to more than two million Syrians, but Afghans, Iraqis and other nationalities are often unable to access effective protection.

ECRE has raised concerns about the EU-Turkey deal from the outset, expressing its view that the deal is unethical, illegal and unworkable. The EU is outsourcing its responsibilities to protect refugees to Turkey, an immoral move which allows it to circumvent its obligations under international European asylum and human rights law.

(...)

Artikeln med länkar (Extern länk)

Henri Labayle, CDRE and Philippe de Bruycker, IEE/ULB i EU Migration Law blogg 16-04-01: The EU-Turkey Agreement: False pretences or a fool's bargain? (Extern länk)

Elizabeth Collett i Migration Policy Insitute March 2016: The Paradox of the EU-Turkey Refugee Deal (Extern länk)

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Amnesty International 16-04-02:

Illegal mass returns of Syrian refugees expose fatal flaws in EU-Turkey deal till sidans topp

Large-scale forced returns of refugees from Turkey to war-ravaged Syria expose the fatal flaws in a refugee deal signed between Turkey and the European Union earlier this month, Amnesty International revealed today.

New research carried out by the organization in Turkey's southern border provinces suggests that Turkish authorities have been rounding up and expelling groups of around 100 Syrian men, women and children to Syria on a near-daily basis since mid-January. Over three days last week, Amnesty International researchers gathered multiple testimonies of large-scale returns from Hatay province, confirming a practice that is an open secret in the region.

All forced returns to Syria are illegal under Turkish, EU and international law.

"In their desperation to seal their borders, EU leaders have wilfully ignored the simplest of facts: Turkey is not a safe country for Syrian refugees and is getting less safe by the day," said John Dalhuisen, Amnesty International's Director for Europe and Central Asia.

"The large-scale returns of Syrian refugees we have documented highlight the fatal flaws in the EU-Turkey deal. It is a deal that can only be implemented with the hardest of hearts and a blithe disregard for international law."

The EU-Turkey deal paves the way for the immediate return to Turkey of Syrian refugees arriving on the Greek islands, on the grounds that it is safe country of asylum. EU officials have expressed the hope that returns could start as of Monday 4 April.

The EU's extended courting of Turkey that preceded the deal has already had disastrous knock-on effects on Turkey's own policies towards Syrian refugees.

"Far from pressuring Turkey to improve the protection it offers Syrian refugees, the EU is in fact incentivizing the opposite," said John Dalhuisen.

(...)

Hela uttalandet samt vittnesmål (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160315:

EASO 16-03-10:

Protection-sensitive migration management programme launched in Belgrade till sidans topp

EASO, the European Commission and Frontex, together with representatives of IOM and UNHCR launched an EU-funded programme for pre-accession assistance in the field of protection-sensitive migration management during an official kick-off conference in Belgrade. This regional support programme for the countries of the Western Balkans and Turkey aims to establish a harmonized, effective and protection-sensitive migration management in line with EU standards. The element of protection-sensitive migration management runs as a red thread through the programme and stresses that international protection aspects should be taken into consideration throughout the whole migration management process.

Pressmeddelande (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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Europeiska Rådet 16-03-06:

Möte mellan EU:s stats- och regeringschefer och Turkiet till sidans topp

Den 7 mars 2016 höll EU:s stats- och regeringschefer ett möte med Turkiet för att stärka deras samarbete om migrationen och flyktingkrisen. Donald Tusk ledde mötet, där Turkiet representerades av premiärminister Ahmet Davuto?lu.

Mötet följdes av ett informellt möte mellan medlemmarna i Europeiska rådet.

EU:s ledare diskuterade genomförandet av EU:s och Turkiets gemensamma handlingsplan. Trots att goda framsteg kan rapporteras om ett antal åtgärder är antalet olagliga inresor från Turkiet till Grekland fortfarande alltför högt. EU:s ledare enades med premiärminister Ahmet Davuto?lu om att stärka deras samarbete för att nå konkreta resultat på fältet.

De välkomnade Turkiets åtagande att godta ett snabbt återvändande av alla migranter som kommer från Turkiet till Grekland och som inte är i behov av internationellt skydd. De ser även fram emot inrättandet av Nato-insatsen i Egeiska havet i syfte att hejda migranters passager.

Några nya, banbrytande förslag för att hantera migrationskrisen diskuterades också vid mötet. Ordförande Donald Tusk gavs i uppdrag att utarbeta detaljerna före nästa möte i Europeiska rådet.

Dessa förslag inkluderar

+ återvändande av alla nya irreguljära migranter som passerar från Turkiet till de grekiska öarna

+ snabbare genomförande av färdplanen för viseringsliberalisering

+ beslutet att påskynda utbetalningen av de 3 miljarderna samt besluta om ytterligare finansiering för flyktingfaciliteten för syrier

+ förberedelser inför beslutet att öppna nya kapitel i anslutningsförhandlingarna

+ övervägande av möjligheten att upprätta humanitära säkra områden i Syrien

(...)

Hela pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

Europeiska Rådet 16-03-08: Uttalande från EU:s stats- och regeringschefer (Extern länk)

EU Concilium 16-03-07: EU-Turkey Joint Action Plan - Third implementation report (Extern länk)

EU-kommissionen 16-03-04: EU announces first projects under the Facility for Refugees in Turkey (Extern länk)

EU-kommissionen 16-03-04: Commission Visa Progress Report: Turkey makes progress towards visa liberalisation (Extern länk)

SvT Utrikes 16-03-07: Hårt besked från EU till flyktingarna: Vägen är stängd (Extern länk)

Sveriges Radio Ekot 16-03-08: Turkiet och EU överens i stora drag (Extern länk)

Sveriges Radio Ekot 16-03-08: Löfven om EU-överenskommelsen med Turkiet (Extern länk)

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Amnesty International 16-03-08:

EU and Turkish leaders deal death blow to the right to seek asylum till sidans topp

The persistent preoccupation with shipping people back to Turkey instead of making unconditional efforts on resettlement and offering other safe and legal ways to Europe shows an alarmingly short-sighted and inhumane attitude to handling this crisis, said Amnesty International after European Council talks with Turkey today.

Prime Minister of Turkey Ahmet Davuto?lu, President of the European Council Donald Tusk and President of the European Commission Jean Claude Juncker shared the outline of the plan for a final agreement between the EU and Turkey, in advance of the European Council meeting on 17 and 18 March.

The proposal that for every Syrian refugee returned to Turkey from Greece, a Syrian will be settled within the EU is wrought with moral and legal flaws. Unsettlingly, this plan would make every resettlement place offered to a Syrian in the EU contingent upon another Syrian risking their life by embarking on the deadly sea route to Greece.

"EU and Turkish leaders have today sunk to a new low, effectively horse trading away the rights and dignity of some of the world's most vulnerable people. The idea of bartering refugees for refugees is not only dangerously dehumanising, but also offers no sustainable long term solution to the ongoing humanitarian crisis," said Iverna McGowan, Head of Amnesty International's European Institutions Office.

When questioned on the legality of this proposal under international law, EU leaders responded that this would be possible under EU law once Turkey be designated as a 'safe country'.

(...)

Hela uttalandet (Extern länk)

Human Rights Watch 16-03-08: Mass, fast-track returns threaten rights (Extern länk)

UNICEF 16-03-09: EU urholkar asylrätten (Extern länk)

Protester före mötet:

UNHCR: 6 steps towards solving the refugee situation in Europe (Extern länk)

Human Rights Watch 16-03-04: Don't negotiate away refugee rights (Extern länk)

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UNHCR News 16-03-11:

UNHCR expresses concern over EU-Turkey plan till sidans topp

The United Nations Refugee Agency today distanced itself from an outline joint EU-Turkey deal to solve Europe's refugee crisis, saying it was concerned with some aspects of the proposal although it was not yet privy to all the details.

"As a first reaction, I am deeply concerned about any arrangement that would involve the blanket return of anyone from one country to another without spelling out the refugee protection safeguards under international law," Filippo Grandi, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, said on Tuesday.

Grandi, who was speaking to the European Parliament in Strasbourg on the occasion of International Women's Day, stressed that legal safeguards would need to govern any mechanism under which responsibility would be transferred for assessing an asylum claim.

"An asylum-seeker should only be returned to a third state, if the responsibility for assessing the particular asylum application in substance is assumed by the third country; the asylum-seeker will be protected from refoulement; and if the individual will be able to seek and, if recognized, enjoy asylum in accordance with accepted international standards, and have full and effective access to education, work, health care and, as necessary, social assistance," he detailed.

Earlier, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, had separately expressed concern over the deal but said it welcomed the EU's financial contribution to support Turkey and the refugee communities in Turkey.

"Turkey hosts close to 3 million refugees and has made enormous contributions for years and just recently adopted a work regulation for Syrian refugees, but, in light of the enormity of the task, still struggles to provide for all the basic needs of the swelling Syrian population," William Spindler, the spokesperson for Europe, told a press briefing in Geneva.

(...)

Hela uttalandet (Extern länk)

UNHCR Refworld 16-03-08: UNHCR's reaction to Statement of the EU Heads of State and Government of Turkey (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160301:

Europeiska Rådet 16-02-19:

Europeiska rådet den 18-19 februari 2016 - slutsatser om migration till sidans topp

/Utdrag ur rådets slutsatser:/

4. Som svar på den migrationskris som EU står inför måste målet vara att snabbt hejda strömmarna, skydda våra yttre gränser, minska den olagliga invandringen och skydda Schengenområdets integritet. Som en del i denna övergripande strategi utvärderade Europeiska rådet, på grundval av detaljerade rapporter från ordförandeskapet och kommissionen, genomförandet av de riktlinjer som man enades om i december.

5. Europeiska rådet välkomnar Natos beslut att bistå vid spaning, övervakning och kontroll av olagliga passager i Egeiska havet och uppmanar samtliga Natomedlemmar att aktivt stödja denna åtgärd. EU, framför allt Frontex, bör samarbeta nära med Nato.

6. Ett fullständigt och snabbt genomförande av EU:s och Turkiets handlingsplan är alltjämt en prioriterad fråga för att hejda migrationsströmmarna och ta itu med nätverk av människohandlare och människosmugglare. Turkiet har vidtagit åtgärder för att genomföra handlingsplanen, framför allt vad avser syriska flyktingars tillträde till Turkiets arbetsmarknad och datadelning med EU. Strömmarna av migranter från Turkiet till Grekland är dock fortfarande alldeles för stort. Vi behöver se en väsentlig och hållbar minskning av antalet olagliga inresor från Turkiet in i EU. Detta visar att ytterligare, resoluta insatser krävs även från Turkiets sida för att säkerställa att handlingsplanen faktiskt genomförs. Europeiska rådet välkomnar överenskommelsen om faciliteten för flyktingar i Turkiet och uppmanar kommissionen och medlemsstaterna att snabbt genomföra de prioriterade projekten. Det välkomnar också framstegen med förberedelserna inför ett trovärdigt, frivilligt humanitärt mottagandeprogram tillsammans med Turkiet.

7. Vidare framhålls följande:

(...)

Hela uttalandet (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160217:

EU-kommissionen 16-02-10:

Kommissionen rapporterar om EU:s och Turkiets gemensamma handlingsplan till sidans topp

Vid toppmötet mellan EU och Turkiet den 29 november 2015 aktiverade parterna den gemensamma handlingsplanen, som ska stärka samarbetet till stöd för de syriska flyktingar som står under tillfälligt skydd och deras mottagarsamhällen i Turkiet, och motverka de irreguljära migrationsströmmarna till EU. EU-kommissionen publicerar idag en rapport om genomförandet av EU:s och Turkiets gemensamma handlingsplan med en bedömning av hur respektive åtaganden enligt handlingsplanen har följts upp.

- Jag välkomnar de åtgärder som de turkiska myndigheterna redan har vidtagit för att minska de irreguljära migrationsströmmarna, t.ex. har landet öppnat sin arbetsmarknad för de syriska flyktingarna. Vi bör inte ha några illusioner om att flyktingkrisen upphör förrän man finner en lösning på grundproblemen - framför allt fortsatt krig och våld i Syrien. Vi kommer att fortsätta att arbeta tillsammans med våra turkiska partner för att fullt ut genomföra den gemensamma handlingsplanen, så att vi kan leva upp till de åtaganden som gjorts att bringa ordning i migrationsflödena samt bekämpa människosmugglare och förhindra att människor olagligt tar sig till EU från Turkiet, säger EU-kommissionens förste vice ordförande Frans Timmermans.

- Från EU:s sida har vi nu upprättat flyktingfaciliteten för Turkiet, som gör 3 miljarder euro tillgängliga under de två kommande åren för att hantera tillströmningen av flyktingar. Vi arbetar så snabbt vi kan tillsammans med de turkiska myndigheterna för att bedöma behoven, så att medlen kan betalas ut så snart som möjligt, tillägger grannskapskommissionären Johannes Hahn.

(...)

Läs mer och hämta rapporten (Extern länk)

Europaportalen 16-02-16: Européer vill ha omfördelning av flyktingar (Extern länk)

KIT 16-02-09: Vi kräver att Turkiet släpper in flyktingar - men de får inte komma hit. Hur går det ihop? (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160209:

Amnesty International 16-01-28:

Dutch plan for EU 'refugee swap' with Turkey is morally bankrupt till sidans topp

A new plan to tackle unprecedented refugee flows to Europe, mooted by the Dutch Presidency of the European Union today, is fundamentally flawed since it would hinge on illegally returning asylum seekers and refugees from Greece to Turkey, Amnesty International warned.

Plans to label Turkey a "safe third country" in order to ferry back tens of thousands of people from Greece without due process or access to asylum application procedures would blatantly violate both European and international law.

"No one should be fooled by the humanitarian sheen of this fundamentally flawed proposal. It is political expediency, plain and simple, aimed at stopping the flows of desperate people across the Aegean Sea," said John Dalhuisen, Europe and Central Asia Director at Amnesty International.

"Any resettlement proposal that is conditional on effectively sealing off borders and illegally pushing back tens of thousands of people while denying them access to asylum procedures is morally bankrupt. The pan-European response to the global refugee crisis has long been in disarray, so solutions are needed, and fast. But there is no excuse for breaking the law and flouting international obligations in the process."

Under international law, vulnerable people fleeing conflict and persecution must not be denied access to protection and have a right to have their asylum claims considered.

If the plan goes ahead, as soon as this spring, EU countries would begin considering Turkey a "safe third country", a designation which would lead to them pushing back all asylum-seekers intercepted on the sea crossing to Greece. Amnesty International warned these would amount to illegal push-backs under international law.

In return for Turkey accepting those who are pushed back, a core group of EU countries would voluntarily resettle between 150,000 and 250,000 refugees currently hosted in Turkey.

(...)

Hela uttalandet (Extern länk)

ECRE 16-01-29: Dutch plan to return asylum seekers from Greece to Turkey violates international law (Extern länk)

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EU-kommissionen 16-02-03:

Commission welcomes Member State agreement on Refugee Facility for Turkey till sidans topp

The European Commission today welcomed the agreement by Member States on the details of the €3 billion Refugee Facility for Turkey, which the Commission proposed on 24 November in the context of our cooperation with Turkey on tackling the refugee crisis. The Commission has agreed to increase its contribution to €1 billion, compared to the €500 million originally proposed in November. The EU will now be able to swiftly deliver substantial new financial resources to support Turkey in coping with the presence of Syrian refugees under temporary protection and host communities in Turkey.

European Commission First-Vice President Frans Timmermans said: "I welcome the agreement by the Member States on the details of the Refugee Facility for Turkey. This is what we agreed at the meeting of EU heads of state or government with Turkey on 29 November. The money we are putting on the table will directly benefit Syrian refugees in Turkey, helping to improve their access to education and healthcare in particular. I also welcome the measures already taken by the Turkish authorities to give Syrian refugees access to the labour market and to reduce the flows. The step taken today will help ensure better prospects for Syrians in Turkey and advance on the implementation of our Joint Action Plan. We must work together to achieve results, in particular when it comes to stemming the influx of irregular migrants."

Commissioner for Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiation, Johannes Hahn, added: "Turkey now hosts one of the world's largest refugee communities and has committed to significantly reducing the numbers of migrants crossing into the EU. The Facility for Refugees in Turkey will go straight to the refugees, providing them with education, health and food. The improvement of living-conditions and the offering of a positive perspective will allow refugees to stay closer to their homes."

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

New Europe 16-01-28: A Dutch plan to send refugees back to Turkey (Extern länk)

Sveriges Radio Ekot 16-02-08: Kommentar: Pressad Merkel på besök i Turkiet (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160119:

EEAS 16-01-13:

EU meeting with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ethiopia, Tedros Adhanom till sidans topp

Today, the HR/VP Federica Mogherini met with MinisterTedros Adhanom, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia, in Brussels.

The meeting took place following the HR/VP's visit to Addis Ababa last October where they decided to strengthen bilateral relations. Today, both agreed to move forward on EU-Ethiopia's strategic engagement. In this respect, Minister Adhanom also met EU Commissioners Mimica, Stylianides, Avramopoulos, and Vice-president Katainen's team, as well as members of the European Parliament.

HR/VP Mogherini and Minister Adhanom confirmed that the EU will remain the first partner of the country in its reforms for development and to promote social and economic growth. The EU will continue to support Ethiopia through its development cooperation programmes, including by organising an EU-Ethiopia Business Forum this year. Ethiopia also benefits from humanitarian support to help the local populations affected by two consecutive droughts and the current El Nino phenomenon.

The HR/VP Federica Mogherini and Minister Adhanom also discussed the follow up of the signature of the EU-Ethiopia Common Agenda on Migration and Mobility (CAMM) on 11 November 2015, in the margins of La Valletta Summit. It was agreed that the EU and Ethiopia will work together to tackle irregular migration, including return, and to better take advantage of the opportunities provided by well-managed migration.

HR/VP Mogherini recognised Ethiopia's significant effort in hosting more than 700 000 refugees. Both welcomed the fact that the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa had already started financing projects in Ethiopia.

The importance of a strong civil society, freedom of expression and association and inclusive politics was also discussed, as well as the measures taken by the Ethiopian government related to the recent unrest in Oromyia and Amhara regions.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160112:

EU-kommissionen 16-01-07:

EU to invest €1 billion in regions along its external borders till sidans topp

The European Commission has adopted a series of cross-border cooperation programmes totalling €1 billion, supporting social and economic development in the regions on both sides of the EU's external borders.

The European Commission has adopted a series of cross-border cooperation programmes totalling €1 billion, supporting social and economic development in the regions on both sides of the EU's external borders.

"Cross-border cooperation plays a key role in avoiding the creation of new dividing lines. This new funding will further contribute to a more integrated and sustainable regional development in the neighbouring border regions and to a more harmonious territorial cooperation on EU's external borders.'' said Commissioner for European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations Johannes Hahn.

"I am very glad that the European Regional Development Fund can contribute to bringing the EU and its neighbours closer together. Cross border cooperation programmes are concrete examples of how the EU is working to help citizens address common challenges, hence creating a real sense of solidarity, while boosting the competitiveness of local economies." said Commissioner for Regional Policy Corina Cre?u.

This type of cross border cooperation is an important element of the EU policy towards its neighbours. It will prioritise projects supporting sustainable development along the EU's external borders, thus reducing differences in living standards and addressing common challenges across these borders. For each of the programmes, the participating countries have selected up to four priorities, such as SME development, culture, environment and climate change, fight against poverty, education and research, energy, accessibility, border management.

(...)

Hela pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 151222:

EU-kommissionen 15-12-15:

Borders Package and Voluntary Humanitarian Admission Scheme with Turkey till sidans topp

Commission proposals: Borders Package and Voluntary Humanitarian Admission Scheme with Turkey. Reports on Migration in Greece, Italy and the Western Balkans

The European Commission has adopted a substantial package of new measures setting out a common approach to managing Europe's external borders and preserving the security of the internal Schengen area of free movement. The Commission has also reported on progress made by Greece and Italy in implementing the Hotspot system, and the steps taken by countries on the Western Balkans' route following October's Leaders Meeting. In this context, the Commission has proposed a temporary suspension of Sweden's obligations under the EU relocation scheme. Finally, the Commission has proposed a voluntary humanitarian admission scheme with Turkey.

Today's key proposals include:

+ A Communication and Regulation on the European Border and Coast Guard

+ A targeted revision of the Schengen Borders Code

+ A Progress Report on Hotspot implementation in Greece

+ A Progress Report on Hotspot implementation in Italy

+ A Progress Report on implementation of the Western Balkans Leaders' Statement

+ A Voluntary Humanitarian Admission Scheme with Turkey

+ A Proposal to temporarily suspend Sweden's participation in the EU relocation scheme

(...)

Läs mer och hämta förslagen (Extern länk)

ECRE 15-12-01: ECRE fears human rights being left behind in the rush to an EU Turkey deal (Extern länk)

ECRE 15-12-04: The EU-Turkey deal poses serious threats to refugees' and migrants' human rights (Extern länk)

Amnesty International 15-12-16: EU risks complicity in violations as refugees and asylum-seekers locked up and deported (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 151122:

EU-kommissionen 15-09-23:

EU and Ethiopia sign Common Agenda on Migration and Mobility till sidans topp

Today, the European Union and Ethiopia have signed a joint Declaration for a Common Agenda on Migration and Mobility (CAMM), reflecting the importance of Ethiopia as a key country of origin, transit and destination of irregular migrants and refugees from the Horn of Africa on the route to Europe.

The Agenda is signed by Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission, Federica Mogherini, High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice-President of the European Commission, Jean Asselborn, Luxembourg Minister for Foreign Affairs and Acting Council Presidency on behalf of the EU and the Member States and Hailemariam Dessalegn, Prime Minister of Ethiopia.

The two parties will cooperate on issues of international protection and refugees' needs, legal migration and mobility, irregular migration, smuggling and trafficking in human beings and development policy. Funding will be made available for implementation of concrete activities, notably through the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa, for which the EU has already mobilised €1.8 billion.

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker said: "Ethiopia is the largest refugee-hosting country in Africa, accommodating over 733,000 refugees. Its Government needs and deserves EU support. Ethiopia is also a country of origin and transit for irregular migration to Europe. We need to work together to better manage these flows in full respect of human rights. Ethiopian authorities have shown a commitment to tackling human trafficking and people smuggling, which is a positive sign for our further cooperation through this Common Agenda. This step is part of the much broader relationship we are trying to build together."

(...)

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IOM 15-11-13:

IOM, UNHCR build capacity of Libyan partners to save lives of migrants at sea till sidans topp

IOM Tripoli and UNHCR have organized a second technical workshop and coordination meeting for Libyan partners on saving lives of migrants at sea. The workshop, which took place from 9-10 November in Tunis, follows an earlier workshop held in late July.

The meetings, funded by the European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Department (ECHO), aim to improve the response capacities of Libyan authorities involved in operations related to the rescue of refugees and migrants off the Libyan coast.

This week's workshop included 26 participants from the Libyan Coast Guard and Port Security Department, the Directorate for Combatting Illegal Migration (DCIM), the Libyan Red Crescent, and two representatives from the Libyan Ministry of Health.

The meeting provided the opportunity to share updates on the most recent developments regarding the increasing number of refugees and migrants rescued by the Libyan Coast Guard, amid deteriorating weather conditions. This is often due to unseaworthy vessels used by refugees and migrants, which capsize near the Libyan coastline.

The main objective of the second workshop was to further enhance coordination and cooperation among all actors involved in and responding to rescue at sea operations, as well as boost Libya's capacity to save lives at sea and improve the humanitarian response to those rescued.

The workshops also aim to operationalize a Technical Working and Contact Group, once its Terms of Reference are agreed upon. This would then draw up Standard Operating Procedures for the rescue and disembarkation of refugees and migrants found in distress off the Libyan coast. The group would also identify training and equipment gaps, which could then be filled with the expertise and support of international organizations or individual member states.

(...)

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ECRE 15-11-13:

Valletta: EU and Africa commit to prevent irregular migration, but support legal mobility till sidans topp

At the Valletta Summit on migration of 11 and 12 November 2015, 60 European and African Heads of State and governments agreed on a political declaration and Action Plan for cooperation in the area of migration, with sixteen priority initiatives to be launched before the end of 2016. African civil society has criticized the Action Plan for being one sided and Eurocentric, and many organisations are worried by the increasing emphasis placed on return and readmission in cooperation for development.

''While there are some positive steps in the area of legal migration for work, study and research, as well as a commitment to strengthen search and rescue, it is clear that the European States' main objective remains to deter the migratory flows. No meaningful commitment is there for safe and legal channels for refugees'', stated Michael Diedring, ECRE's Secretary General.

The priority initiatives agreed on include development, legal migration and mobility, international protection, the management of irregular migration, smuggling and trafficking, and return. Participating States agreed to step up operational cooperation between EU agencies and African law enforcement authorities and launch projects to strengthen institutional capacities and carry out joint investigations to fight against human trafficking and smuggling. EU and African representatives announced further measures to facilitate return and readmission of migrants, not only from Europe, but also from country of transit to country of origin.

''We are particularly concerned about the emphasis placed on border control and readmission, and even more so at the bilateral level between European and African states, which bears significant risks of refoulement, detention and ill treatment in countries of origin and transit," Mr Diedring said.

(...)

Artikeln med länkar (Extern länk)

Analyses by Tony Bunyan on Valletta Summit: EU-Africa Fortress Europe's neo-colonial project (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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Arkiveringsdatum 151112:

Europeiska Rådet November 2015:

Toppmöte i Valletta om migration, 11-12 november till sidans topp

Under de senaste månaderna har EU stått inför ett aldrig tidigare skådat inflöde av migranter och flyktningar i Europa. Dessa människor lämnar sina hemländer av olika skäl - de flyr t.ex. från konflikter, politisk och ekonomisk instabilitet, kränkningar av de mänskliga rättigheterna och fattigdom.

Tillsammans med medlemsländerna har EU vidtagit en rad åtgärder för att ta itu med de utmaningar som migrationen för med sig. Men migrationen angår inte enbart Europa. Ursprungs- och transitländerna för irreguljära migrationsströmmar behöver också involveras.

I april 2015 efterlyste Europeiska rådet ett internationellt toppmöte för att diskutera migrationsfrågor med afrikanska stater och andra viktiga länder som är berörda.

Detta toppmöte kommer att hållas i Valletta den 11-12 november 2015 i Mediterranean Conference Centre.

Konferensen kommer att bygga på befintliga samarbetsprocesser mellan Europa och Afrika, särskilt Rabat- och Khartoumprocesserna och dialogen mellan EU och Afrika om migration och mobilitet.

EU och Afrika kommer att arbeta tillsammans i en anda av partnerskap för att hitta gemensamma lösningar på utmaningar av ömsesidigt intresse.

EU:s medlemsstater, länder som är parter i Rabat- och Khartumprocesserna, observatörer till Rabatprocessen, företrädare för Afrikanska unionen och Västafrikanska staters ekonomiska gemenskap (Ecowas), Förenta nationerna (FN) och Internationella organisationen för migration (IOM) har bjudits in till toppmötet.

Viktiga punkter på dagordningen

Toppmötet kommer att inriktas på såväl de utmaningar som de möjligheter som migrationen för med sig. Man kommer också att konstatera att migration är ett gemensamt ansvar för ursprungs-, transit- och destinationsländerna.

(...)

Hela meddelandet (Extern länk)

Europeiska Rådet November 2015: bakgrund till EU:s insatser (Extern länk)

Statewatch 15-11-09: Valletta Conference: Latest and full documentation (Extern länk)

Amnesty International 15-11-10: EU-Africa Summit in Valetta must not dress up border control as 'co-operation' (Extern länk)

Human Rights Watch 15-11-09: Border control goals at summit shouldn't undermine access to protection (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 151104:

MADE Newsletter 15-10-30:

Joint African and European recommendations for the Valletta Summit till sidans topp

With this statement, African and European civil society set out priorities for the upcoming discussions and outcomes of the Valetta Summit.

The African and European Civil Society Joint Statement is based on consultations conducted by the International Catholic Migration Commission (ICMC) Europe, the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) and Caritas Senegal in its role as MADE Africa Coordinator with several African and European civil society platforms and organisations during September and October 2015. The statement comes ahead and in preparation of the Africa-Europe Valletta Summit on Migration on 11-12 November 2015, focused on reinforcing existing cooperation processes between Europe and Africa, particularly the Rabat and Khartoum processes on migration, and the EU-Africa Dialogue on Migration and Mobility. The Valletta Summit will result in a political declaration and an action plan.

Europe is facing an upsurge of people arriving by both sea and land to seek safe haven and new opportunities, with an estimated 700,000 people arriving since January 2015 and as recorded by IOM. The current focus on external border enforcement, coupled with a lack of legal avenues for migration to Europe, push individuals and families towards dangerous and exhausting journeys, feeding a multi-million trafficking and smuggling industry. Human lives are constantly being lost and maritime rescue efforts have been upscaled to face this humanitarian emergency.

Political solutions have come in the form of ongoing packages of measures, announced during several high-level meetings over summer and autumn 2015. However, these measures have so far been insufficient in ending the tragic loss of human lives during the journey and inadequate to provide long-lasting solutions based on respect for human rights.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

ECRE 15-10-30: EU cooperation with third countries fails to ensure protection to refugees (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 151019:

EU-kommissionen 15-10-16:

Joint Action Plan with Turkey till sidans topp

Yesterday the European Commission reached an agreement with Turkey on a Joint Action Plan to step up their cooperation on migration management in a coordinated effort to tackle the refugee crisis. At the European Council last night, Heads of State and Government of the EU's 28 Member States endorsed the agreement and welcomed the joint Action Plan.

The Action Plan identifies a series of collaborative actions to be implemented as a matter of urgency by the European Union and the Republic of Turkey with the aim of confronting common challenges in a concerted manner and supplementing Turkey's efforts in managing the large number of people in need of protection in Turkey.

In addition, the European Union - the institutions and its Member States - also committed yesterday to increasing political engagement with Turkey, providing Turkey with significant financial support, accelerating the fulfilment of the visa liberalisation roadmap and re-energising the accession process with Turkey.

The agreement negotiated by the Commission, represented by First Vice-President Timmermans, is the result of intensive talks with the Turkish authorities, President Erdogan, the Prime Minister Davutoglu and the Foreign Minister Sinirlioglu.

Hämta planen (Extern länk)

Amnesty International 15-10-17: Merkel must ensure rights of refugees not cut out of EU-Turkey deal (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 151009:

EU-kommissionen 15-10-06:

Draft Action Plan: Stepping up EU-Turkey cooperation till sidans topp

Stepping up EU-Turkey cooperation on support of refugees and migration management in view of the situation in Syria and Iraq

(...)

The implementation of the Action Plan will allow the EU and Turkey to:

Under Part I of the action plan:

+ Cover further emergency needs by providing immediate humanitarian assistance to the refugees;

+ Alleviate the burden undertaken by the Turkish society to host more than 2.2 million refugees;

+ Create better living conditions and medium and long-term perspectives for the refugees in Turkey; and

+ Address key factors that push the refugees to move from Turkey to the EU through irregular channels in search of alternative places of asylum.

Under Part 2 of the Action Plan:

+ Prevent further arrivals of irregular migrants to Turkey and irregular departures of refugees and migrants from Turkey to the EU;

+ Prevent losses of lives at sea by intensified search and rescue operations;

+ Step up the fight against criminal networks involved in the smuggling of migrants; and

+ Ensure prompt return to the point of origin of irregular migrants who are not in need of international protection and who were apprehended by the law enforcement agencies of the EU Member States or Turkey and support the reintegration of returnees to the countries of origin.

(...)

Läs mer (Extern länk)

Statewatch 15-10-07: The 'Khartoum Process': beefing up borders in east Africa (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150929:

EU-kommissionen 15-09-22:

EU's Civil Protection Mechanism helps Serbia cope with refugee influx till sidans topp

Serbia has activated the EU's Civil Protection Mechanism to benefit from material support to help cope with the influx of refugees and asylum seekers in the country. The European Commission's Emergency Response Coordination Centre (ERCC) is working closely with the Serbian authorities and the other participating states in the Mechanism to coordinate a swift response to the request. Serbia has requested material support for beds, mattresses, hygiene items, vehicles, fuel and food. "I call upon EU member states to show solidarity towards Serbia at this time of need. We are in close contact with the authorities in Belgrade to help coordinate the swift delivery of material support offered by participating states," said EU Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, Christos Stylianides.

Läs mer (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150608:

EU Concilium / Statewatch 15-04-24.

EU Action on Migratory Pressures - targeted update on Turkey till sidans topp

/Offentliggjord av Statewatch:/

Council of the European Union: EU Action on Migratory Pressures - targeted update on Turkey. See detailed ANNEX pp6-15. And: "Reports indicate that the surge of migration flows towards the EU from Turkey is partly due to Egypt and Algeria (since January 2015, also Lebanon) implementing visa requirements for Syrian nationals, who enjoy a visa-free entry to Turkey."

Hämta dokumentet (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150520:

EU Concilium / Statewatch 15-05-07:

Salzburg Forum Ministerial Conference - Joint Declaration till sidans topp

/Ännu ej publicerat, läckt via Statewatch/

On the invitation of the Austrian Salzburg Forum Chairmanship, the Ministers of the Interior of the Salzburg Forum Member States, their Group of Friends from the Western Balkans and Republic of Moldova as well as the Minister from Kosovo1 as special guest met for the Salzburg Forum Ministerial Conference in St. Pölten, Austria, on 4 and 5 May 2015.

The Ministers welcomed the participation of the EU Commissioner for European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations, the Director of Europol, the Executive Director of EASO, the Deputy Executive Director of Frontex, the Secretary General of INTERPOL, the Director of the UNHCR Bureau for Europe and a representative from the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights.

The three main challenges discussed were migration and asylum, security and police cooperation with a focus on the fight against terrorism and cyber security.

Those paragraphs of the declaration that relate to cooperation with the Western Balkans have been approved by all participating States.

Läs eller hämta deklarationen i sin helhet (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150511:

EU-kommissionen 15-05-08:

Assessment of visa liberalisation for Ukraine and Georgia till sidans topp

The Commission is issuing two progress reports on the implementation by Ukraine and Georgia of their respective Visa Liberalisation Action Plans (VLAP).

The assessment found that, notwithstanding the exceptional circumstances Ukraine faces, the progress achieved in the implementation of the VLAP has been noteworthy. Ukraine has set up a coherent legislative framework and showed commitment to institutional reforms. Nevertheless, more sustained efforts, in line with the recommendations issued in the report are required.

Georgia's progress has been significant and it is broadly in line with the second-phase benchmarks. However, Georgia still needs to make further efforts to follow-up the recommendations in this report.

Längre pressmeddelande (Extern länk)

Hämta rapporten om Georgien (Extern länk)

Hämta rapporten om Ukraina (Extern länk)

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Statewatch May 2015:

Ongoing EU operations till sidans topp

/Se den länkade kartan över pågående EU-operationer. Nedanstående är förklaringar./

With details of exactly what the EU is going to do and on what legal basis still undecided it is perhaps useful to be reminded of similar ongoing operations the EU is undertaking: Ongoing EU operations (EEAS, pdf) This is full of acronyms, this is what they stand for:

EUAM (EU Administration of Mostar)

EUMM (EU Monitoring mission)

EUPOL (EU Police Mission)

EUMAM (Military Advisory Mission in the Central African Republic)

EUCAP ((EU capacity-building) NESTOR in the Horn of Africa, EUCAP SAHEL Niger EUAVSEC (aviation security) in South Sudan

EUTM (Mali)

EUFOR ALTHEA (Bosnia and Herzegovina)

EUBAM (EU Border Assistance Mission)

EUNAVFOR (EU Naval Force)

Background: A EU Mission in the Med could call for financial support under the: ATHENA Council Decision (pdf). As to the legal basis it could be under Article 44 of the TEU and this was discussed in the Council's Political and Security Committee: PMG Recommendations on Article 44 TEU (LIMITE doc no 6108-15, pdf) which notes that "The Council Legal Service advised that use of an Article 44 mission must be in accordance with: Article 42(1) and Article 43(1)" for a military-civil operation.

The Council Legal Service also concluded: that i) A Article 44 Mission has to be established by a Council Decision, adopted by unaminity ii) the actual implementation can be undertaken by a group of Member States and iii) A Third State can take part.

Se kartan (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150429:

EU Concilium 15-04-20:

Rådets slutsatser om den regionala handlingsplanen för Sahel 2015-2020 till sidans topp

1. Rådet antar idag den bifogade regionala handlingsplanen för Sahel 2015-2020 som utgör den övergripande ramen för genomförandet av Europeiska unionens (EU) strategi för säkerhet och utveckling i Sahel, såsom den antogs och reviderades enligt rådets slutsatser av den 21 mars 2011 respektive den 17 mars 2014. Antagandet av handlingsplanen kommer vid en avgörande tidpunkt för länderna i Sahel. Rådet välkomnar handlingsplanen som bekräftar EU:s fortsatta engagemang i Sahelregionen och dess stöd till hållbar och inkluderande politisk och socioekonomisk utveckling, förstärkning av mänskliga rättigheter, demokratiskt styre och rättsstatsprincipen samt motståndskraft, som ett svar på den mångfacetterade krisen i Sahel. Att stärka säkerheten i regionen genom kampen mot terrorism1, olaglig handel, radikalisering och våldsbejakande extremism är fortfarande EU:s viktigaste mål. Inom ramen för EU:s övergripande strategi, däribland bidraget från EU:s institutioner, EU:s särskilda representant för Sahel samt EU:s medlemsstater, upprepar EU sitt åtagande att stödja regionala initiativ som leds av länderna själva under egenansvar inom ramen för handlingsplanen och med utnyttjande av EU:s alla relevanta instrument, särskilt de regionala och nationella vägledande programmen inom Europeiska utvecklingsfonden och medlemsstaternas program samt även inbegripet GSFP-uppdragen EUTM Mali, Eucap Sahel Niger och Eucap Sahel Mali samt instrumentet som bidrar till stabilitet och fred.

Hämta dokumentet, som innehåller handlingsplanen (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150305:

No Borders Morocko 15-02-23:

Update III on detentions and deportations of Sub-Saharan migrants in Morocco till sidans topp

As part of the so-called European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), the EU and its member states fund surrounding countries to control their borders and effectively prevent migrants from reaching European territory. As an 'Advanced Partner' in the ENP, Morocco is complicit in creating a buffer zone externalising the EU's inhumane border regime to Northern Africa. To gain advanced status, Morocco signed a so-called 'Mobility Partnership' including readmission negotiations, and receives 'assistance in implementing the strategy to combat illegal migration' (EU/Morocco Action Plan, §48) from the EU. The large-scale detention and deportations of Sub-Saharan migrants in Morocco show what this combat looks like in practice. On 9th February 2015, the Moroccan interior ministry announced its plan to completely evacuate the migrant camps in the forests surrounding the Spanish enclaves Ceuta and Melilla. On 10th February, Moroccan authorities started the destruction of camps and arrested over 1000 migrants who had been living in the mountain Gurugu forests (for more detail, see Update I). On 13th February, the raids and arrests continued in several forests around Nador. Most migrants were taken to a camp in Kariat Arekmane for identification procedures and subsequently distributed to different makeshift camps and holding facilities across Morocco (for more detail, see Update II). This is a third update to follow-up on the previous blogposts.

Situation in the forests camps around Melilla

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Hela uttalandet (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150211:

ECRE 15-02-03:

Research takes stock of Regional Protection Programmes and assesses their potential till sidans topp

According to a new study published by ECRE, the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) and the Italian Council for Refugees (CIR), the concept of EU Regional Protection Programmes needs to be reviewed in order to increase impact, ownership by third countries and Member States and coherence with development policies.

As defined by the European Commission in 2005, Regional Protection Programmes (RPPs) have two main aims: Firstly, to build the capacities of transit countries in order to help them protect refugees. Secondly, to promote durable solutions; namely return, local integration and resettlement, by building the capacities of local institutions and other actors in areas hosting refugees in protracted situations.

The research argues that RPPs could take the form of 'protection partnerships' with the engagement of Member States, third countries, the European Commission, International Organisations and NGOs. These partnerships should be based on the countries' obligations to protect refugees and asylum seekers, driven by solidarity with the countries hosting the majority of the world's refugees rather than a migration control logic. In this spirit, RPPs should also include substantial offers to resettle, to Europe, refugees hosted in the RPP regions.

(...)

Artikeln med länkar (Extern länk)

Rapporten "Regional Protection Programmes: an effective policy tool?" (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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Statewatch January 2015:

Is readmission linked to development? till sidans topp

Analysis by Steve Peers, Professor of Law, University of Essex:

"In recent years, the EU has been negotiating Partnership and Cooperation Agreements (PCAs) with a number of Asian countries. These agreements replace the previous development policy agreements which the EU had with the countries concerned. Compared to the previous agreements, the PCAs include go into greater detail about the EU's cooperation with the countries concerned, including the addition of further topics for cooperation."

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, svenska media via Eniro och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media främst via I Care och IRR, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, ENAR, Statewatch, Noborder och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Röda Korset, Svenska Amnesty, FARR, Rosengrenska och InfoTorg Juridik (betaltjänst) samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

Bevakning: Josefin Åström, Hjalte Lagercrantz, Karin Nilsson Kelly, Sanna Vestin. Sammanställning: Sanna Vestin. Asylnytt är ett ideellt projekt.