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Eurodac, fingeravtryck

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Arkivet har startat om och saknar material från perioden 180119 - 180513

Arkiveringsdatum 180625:

EU-parlamentet, LIBE, 18-06-19:

Asylum: deal to update EU fingerprinting database till sidans topp

+ EURODAC to include more data on asylum seekers and irregular migrants

+ Safety of refugee children to be improved

+ Europol access to EURODAC made more efficient

It will be easier for migration and asylum authorities to identify persons entering or staying irregularly in the EU, under new rules informally agreed with EU Council.

Updated rules aiming to reinforce the EURODAC system, designed to store and search data on asylum applicants and irregular migrants, were agreed on Tuesday by Parliament and Council negotiators.

The new system would help immigration and asylum authorities to better control irregular immigration to the EU, detect secondary movements (migrants moving from the country in which they first arrived to seek protection elsewhere) and facilitate their readmission and return to their countries of origin.

It will also improve the safety of refugee children. At least 10 000 migrant and refugee children have gone missing since arriving in Europe, according to Europol.

Parliament and Council negotiators agreed on the following reforms:

+ More data: in addition to fingerprints, the facial images and alphanumerical data (name, ID or passport number) of asylum seekers and irregular migrants will also be stored.

+ Fingerprinting of minors: the age for obtaining fingerprints and facial images of minors will be lowered from 14 to 6 years, to help identify and trace missing children and establish family links.

Force should never be used on minors to take fingerprints or facial images. However, as a last resort, and where permitted by relevant EU or national law, a "proportionate degree of coercion" may be applied to minors, while ensuring respect for their dignity and physical integrity.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170628:

EU-parlamentet / ECRE 17-06-16:

Potential expansion of Eurodac database scope raises data protection concerns till sidans topp

The Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) Committee of the European Parliament has adopted a report on the European Commission proposal to recast the Eurodac Regulation. It outlines a wide expansion of the scope of the Eurodac database that raises strong concerns about data protection.

With the multiple ambition of improving the operation of the Dublin Regulation, ensuring better law enforcement and increasing control of irregular migration, the adopted report seeks to broaden the scope of Eurodac. It introduces the tracking of movement of refugees resettled into the European Union, eases Europol access to the database and permits access by Frontex. These measures have raised serious concerns about asylum seekers' right to data protection from a number of actors and organisations including ECRE, the European Data Protection Supervisor and the Meijers Committee.

Another initiative reflecting a similar ambition was last week's adoption of Council Conclusions on interoperability calling for better coordination across and easier access to Home Affairs information databases raising further potential challenges in terms of collection and use of personal data.

However, the Parliament report also strengthens fundamental rights safeguards in the Commission proposal to some extent. In this regard, an obligation to persuade applicants to cooperate through counselling before imposing sanctions on persons refusing to be fingerprinted is introduced and the use of coercion against vulnerable persons in order to obtain their fingerprints is prohibited. In addition, the report includes additional guarantees relating to obtaining and processing children's biometric data, reduces the retention period for data on asylum seekers from ten to five years and further restricts the data retention duration applicable to persons apprehended for irregular entry or presence.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170224:

Statewatch 17-02-09:

Parliament committee takes hard line on mandatory biometric registration till sidans topp

A draft report to be submitted to the European Parliament's civil liberties committee (LIBE) proposes that Member States should be obliged to introduce "effective, proportionate and dissuasive" administrative sanctions for asylum-seekers and irregular migrants who demonstrate "non-compliance with the fingerprinting process and capturing a facial image."

The Commission's text proposed an article that said:

"Member States may introduce administrative sanctions, in accordance with their national law, for non-compliance with the fingerprinting process and capturing a facial image in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article. These sanctions shall be effective, proportionate and dissuasive. In this context, detention should only be used as a means of last resort in order to determine or verify a third-country national's identity."

The draft report, by European Conservatives and Reformists Group MEP Monica Macovei, proposes changing the word "may" to "shall", thus requiring Member States to introduce sanctions for people who refuse to submit to fingerprinting or the "capture" of their facial image for inclusion in the Eurodac database.

Under the current rules Member States are supposed to enter the fingerprints of all asylum-seekers in the Eurodac database in order to determine which Member State is responsible for their asylum application.

However, the authorities in numerous countries - primarily Italy and Greece, but also Austria and Germany - have not done so in order to evade responsibility for individuals should they move to another Member State. Under the 'Dublin' rules, the "country of arrival" is responsible for processing asylum claims.

In early 2015 the Commission drew up a set of "best practices" regarding the use of force for fingerprinting and the introduction of "hotspots" in Greece and Italy has come with demands for systematic fingerprinting.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170126:

FRA 17-01-25:

Tighten fingerprinting safeguards for migrant children, suggests FRA till sidans topp

The proposal to revise the rules governing the EU's large-scale biometrics database, Eurodac, may jeopardise or enhance the rights of migrant children, suggests the latest Opinion from the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA). It examines the impact on children and suggests greater emphasis on child protection. It reveals how this particularly vulnerable group needs stronger child protection safeguards to ensure they are not coerced to give fingerprints, they understand what is happening to them and their right to asylum is not affected.

Eurodac was created to help determine which EU Member State should examine asylum applications for international protection. It currently stores the fingerprints that all asylum seekers and migrants apprehended at the EU's external borders must provide. It allows Member States to check if someone has already elsewhere applied for asylum or been apprehended when crossing external EU borders. Law enforcements authorities can also access it to help fight serious crime and terrorism.

The European Commission has proposed revising the Eurodac Regulation to expand the scope so it can also be used to control irregular immigration and movement within the EU. Facial images and personal data would also be stored instead of just fingerprints and basic data such as gender and Member State. Personal data would also be kept for longer (ten years for international protection applicants and five years for those who have been apprehended) and the age for capturing data from children would be lowered from 14 to 6.

The European Parliament asked the Agency to provide its Opinion on the fundamental rights impact of the proposals on children. Some of the suggestions to ensure the Regulation fully respects the EU Charter for Fundamental Rights and international human rights treaties include:

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Arkiveringsdatum 161221:

EU:s ministerråd i rättsliga och inrikes frågor 16-12-09:

Rådet diskuterade det gemensamma europeiska asylsystemet till sidans topp

Inrikesministrarna diskuterade reformen av det gemensamma europeiska asylsystemet och enades om ett mandat för förhandlingar med Europaparlamentet om Eurodacförordningen.

De informerades även av ordförandeskapet om de återstående delarna av reformen av det gemensamma europeiska asylsystemet och vidarebosättning.

Migration

Ministrarna diskuterade situationen på plats och strömmarna längs de främsta migrationsrutterna samt utvärderade de insatser som EU hittills enats om och genomfört. De tog särskilt upp områden som utplacering av personal till byråer (framför allt Easo och Frontex), omplaceringar samt genomförandet av förordningen om en europeisk gräns- och kustbevakning och partnerskapsramen, i synnerhet resultaten i fråga om återvändande och återtagande med fem prioriterade länder.

Ministrarna stödde det faktum att Europeiska stödkontoret för asylfrågor (Easo) vidtar alla åtgärder som krävs för att experter ska kunna rekryteras direkt av byrån så att man kan komma till rätta med kritisk personalbrist.

Läs mer om mötet och hämta pressmeddelande "Resultatet av rådets möte " (Extern länk)

Pressmeddelande: Rådet redo att förhandla om Eurodac (Extern länk)

Council conclusions on the integration of third-country nationals legally residing in the EU (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160914:

EU Council / Statewatch September 2016:

Eurodac access & Joint Action Days till sidans topp

Extending LEAS access to Eurodac database: Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the establishment of 'Eurodac' for the comparison of fingerprints for the effective application of [Regulation (EU) No 604/2013 establishing the criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an application for international protection lodged in one of the Member States by a third-country national or a stateless person] , for identifying an illegally staying third-country national or stateless person and on requests for the comparison with Eurodac data by Member States' law enforcement authorities and Europol for law enforcement purposes (recast) - Conditions for access for law enforcement purposes

"It has also been clear during these examinations that many delegations would be in favour of simplified and broader access of law enforcement authorities to Eurodac...

the Presidency would like to seek delegations' views on the following questions:

While there seems to be a broad agreement that the provisions relating to law enforcement access in the proposal should be amended,

+ Do delegations agree that the provisions relating to access of law enforcement authorities to Eurodac should be simplified and broadened, and which concrete measures would you suggest?"

+ Do you consider that the access of law enforcement should be enlarged to other criminal acts, besides prevention, detection and investigation of terrorism and other serious offences, and if so, how would you define these other acts?"

Hämta rådets enkät till regeringarna om EU-kommissionens förslag, från Statewatch (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

Hämta utvärderingen av "aktionsdagarna" och diskussion om aktionsdagar 2017 (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

Statewatch News (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160831:

EU-kommissionen 16-08-21:

Förslaget till omarbetning av Eurodacförordningen till sidans topp

KOM(2016) 272 final: Förslag till Europaparlamentets och Rådets förordning m inrättande av Eurodac för jämförelse av fingeravtryck för en effektiv tillämpning av [förordning (EU) nr 604/2013 om kriterier och mekanismer för att avgöra vilken medlemsstat som är ansvarig för att pröva en ansökan om internationellt skydd som en tredjelandsmedborgare eller en statslös person har lämnat in i någon medlemsstat] , för identifiering av tredjelandsmedborgare eller statslösa personer som vistas olagligt, och för när medlemsstaternas brottsbekämpande myndigheter och Europol begär jämförelser med Eurodacuppgifter för brottsbekämpande ändamål (omarbetning)

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, svenska media via Eniro och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media främst via I Care och IRR, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, ENAR, Statewatch, Noborder och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Röda Korset, Svenska Amnesty, FARR, Rosengrenska och InfoTorg Juridik (betaltjänst) samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

Bevakning: Josefin Åström, Hjalte Lagercrantz, Karin Nilsson Kelly, Sanna Vestin. Sammanställning: Sanna Vestin. Asylnytt är ett ideellt projekt.