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Arkiveringsdatum 170515:

ECRE 17-05-12:

Greece/ Germany: Cap on transfers under Dublin family provisions till sidans topp

An agreement between Germany and the Greek Ministry of Migration Policy has reportedly led to the introduction of a monthly limit to the number of people transferred to Germany under the Dublin Regulation. As the majority of transfers from Greece to Germany are based on the family provisions of the Regulation, this would seriously affect the situation for refugees awaiting family reunification.

According to information published by Efimerida ton Syntakton, Germany is accepting a maximum of 70 persons from Greece as of 1 April 2017. Against the backdrop of existing delays and obstacles to the Dublin procedure in Greece, this measure is estimated to further delay family reunification for more than 2,000 refugees awaiting transfer to Germany. The Greek Ministry of Migration Policy has denied reports of such an agreement, though it referred to technical difficulties affecting the rate of transfers.

Last year, Germany received a total 739 Dublin transfers from Greece, out of more than 3,000 requests mainly based on family reunification. This year, according to the article, only 70 asylum seekers were transferred to Germany in April, compared to 540 in March and 370 in February.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170424:

UNHCR 17-04-10:

UNHCR urges suspension of transfers of asylum-seekers to Hungary under Dublin till sidans topp

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, today called for a temporary suspension of all transfers of asylum-seekers to Hungary from other European States under the Dublin Regulation. The Dublin regulation is an EU instrument that determines which European State is responsible for examining an asylum seeker's application.

"The situation for asylum-seekers in Hungary, which was already of deep concern to UNHCR, has only gotten worse since the new law introducing mandatory detention for asylum-seekers came into effect," said Filippo Grandi, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

"Given the worsening situation of asylum-seekers in Hungary, I urge States to suspend any Dublin transfer of asylum-seekers to this country until the Hungarian authorities bring their practices and policies in line with European and international law," he added.

The High Commissioner said that he was "encouraged" by the decision taken by the European Commission to work with the Hungarian authorities with a view to bringing the new legislation and Hungary's practice in line with EU law, but noted that "urgent measures are needed to improve access to asylum in Hungary."

UNHCR has repeatedly raised its concerns over the situation of refugees and asylum-seekers arriving to Hungary with the authorities and the EU, stressing that physical barriers and restrictive policies have resulted in effectively denying access to territory and asylum.

Hungary's "emergency measures" under the amended law on asylum expand mandatory detention of asylum seekers and lead to the expulsion from the country of anyone who enters the country irregularly, in violation of the country's obligations under international law.

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ECRE 17-04-14:

Germany follows UNHCR call for suspension of Dublin transfers to Hungary till sidans topp

UNHCR urged states to suspend Dublin transfers to Hungary. The next day the German Ministry of Interior ordered that Dublin transfers can only be carried out if asylum seekers are guaranteed EU reception and asylum procedure standards.

The German request for guarantees is seen as a de facto transfer stop by Karl Kopp from ProAsyl. Kopp, called for the EU to take action against the recently implemented restrictive policies by the authoritarian Hungarian government and start an infringement procedure against the country, which could lead to the suspension its voting rights in the European Council. Both the European Commission and the European People Party, which the current Hungarian governing party is part of, have issued concerns as well and hinted towards possible sanctions.

UNHCR highlighted the worsening conditions for asylum seekers, due to the the recently introduced mandatory detention and the high risk of refoulement and the excessive use of violence against people crossing the border into Hungary, including by State agents and calls for investigations on allegations of abuse and violence.

"The situation for asylum-seekers in Hungary, which was already of deep concern to UNHCR, has only gotten worse since the new law introducing mandatory detention for asylum-seekers came into effect," said Filippo Grandi, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170410:

AIDA March 2017:

The Dublin system in 2016: Key figures from certain European countries till sidans topp

This statistical update provides key figures from 12 European countries on the application of the Dublin Regulation in 2016. Available statistics demonstrate the persisting inefficiency of the Dublin system as a responsibility-allocation mechanism across Europe, as the number of effected transfers of asylum seekers remains considerably low compared to the number of procedures initiated. The update also explores the inconsistency between Dublin and the emergency relocation scheme, leading to a paradoxical transfer of 1,864 people out of Italy to other Member States under relocation and family provisions, and transfer of 2,086 people to Italy under Dublin.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170330:

AIDA 17-03-16:

Dublin update 2016: No change in deeply dysfunctional Dublin system till sidans topp

A statistical update published by AIDA, releasing figures for 12 European countries from 2016, reveals persisting fundamental dysfunctions in the Dublin system. Its inefficiency is illustrated by disproportionately low transfers compared to procedures, its inconsistency by contradictions with the EU emergency relocation scheme, and its inadequacy in safeguarding rights by Member States' restart of transfers to Greece.

"While the EU legislature has started difficult and complex negotiations on the 'fourth-generation' Dublin Regulation, the message given by statistics remains unchanged: Dublin is a bureaucratic behemoth, entailing severe human, administrative and financial costs for both individuals and national authorities, with minimal effect on regulating the actual movement of asylum seekers in Europe", says Minos Mouzourakis, AIDA Coordinator.

Dublin continues to be highly inefficient in terms of actual transfers compared to the number of procedures initiated in Member States through Dublin requests. Although Sweden had a 43.2% transfer rate, Germany (by far the main operator of the system) had a rate of 7.1% and Italy only 0.4%. Countries such as France and Belgium, have announced policy measures to increase the number of Dublin transfers in the future.

The operation of Dublin also seems highly paradoxical for the countries assisted by the EU emergency relocation scheme, since the two mechanisms run in parallel. In the first eleven months of 2016, Italy transferred 1,864 people to other countries under Dublin family reunification and relocation, but received more people (2,086) from other countries under Dublin.

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Arkiveringsdatum 170320:

Welcome to Europe 17-03-14:

DUBLIN III Returns to Greece till sidans topp

On the 8th of December 2016, the European Union Commission suggested the resumption of Dublin Returns to Greece, beginning in March 2017. Germany suggested already that it agreed that Greece had sufficiently improved the conditions for refugees, so that Germany would plan to re-start the returns from the 15th of March. With this announcement, the European governments show that they close their eyes to the fact that the living and detention conditions in the Greek camps continue to be deplorable and inhuman, that access to the asylum procedure is still not guaranteed, that procedures remain dysfunctional in general and that many of refugees continue to suffer from inhuman and degrading treatment while being stuck in Greece. The European Commission's recommendation included a gradual resumption of returns, with a first focus to return the ones who arrived in Europe after this date (15th of March) and not including unaccompanied minors or other vulnerable persons at that point.

Following these recent developments, many rumours have been created and hundreds of refugees started in panic to move onwards from Turkey and Greece, in order to reach the destination countries before that date. We therefore, decided to write this information sheet to explain some facts on who might be affected, to emphasise the grey areas, where it is unclear what will happen, and to give you advise on what can be done to prepare and protect yourselves.

Note:

1 Every case is different. As soon as you arrive in the country of your final destination, you should look for counselling and advice by people there who specialise in preventing Dublin-returns, who can assist with asylum procedures, and who can help you to go through all procedures in the best way possible.

UNDERSTANDING DUBLIN RETURNS

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Informationen för utskrift (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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Arkiveringsdatum 170109:

UNHCR 16-12-22:

UNHCR comments on the proposal for amended Dublin Regulation till sidans topp

UNHCR comments on the European Commission proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the criteria and mechanisms for determining the member state responsible for examining an application for international protection lodged in one of the Member States by a third-country national or a stateless person (recast) - COM (2016) 270

/Utdrag:/

The events of 2015 highlighted the need for a revitalized asylum system in the EU. In its overarching proposals, UNHCR recommends that, in addition to ensuring access to territory is guaranteed and new arrivals are registered and received properly, the system would also allocate responsibility for asylum seekers fairly among EU Member States, and ensudre that EU Member States are equipped to meet the task. Building on elements of the existing Common European Asylum System (CEAS) and some of the reforms proposed by the European Commission (Commission), UNHCR proposes a simplified system that would facilitate the efficient management of population movements.

A key element of this system is the prioritisation of family reunion directly after the registration phase in order to overcome some of the current obstacles to family reunion under the existing Dublin Regulation. In addition, rather than foreseeing mandatory admissibility procedures, the system would incorporate streamlined asylum determination procedures to manage mixed arrivals of refugees and migrants. Under this scheme, asylum-seekers with manifestly well-founded or unfounded claims and those from safe countries of origin would be channelled into accelerated procedures to provide quick access to international protection for those who need it, and facilitate return for those who do not.

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Arkiveringsdatum 161221:

EU-kommissionen 16-12-08:

Kommissionen rapporterar om den europeiska migrationsagendan till sidans topp

Kommissionen lägger idag fram en rapport om de framsteg som har gjorts i fråga om genomförandet av uttalandet från EU och Turkiet och EU:s system för omplacering och vidarebosättning.

Kommissionen har idag också antagit en fjärde rekommendation som sammanfattar Greklands framsteg med att inrätta ett fullt fungerande asylsystem och anger ett förfarande för hur Dublinöverföringarna till Grekland gradvis ska återupptas.

- Vår övergripande europeiska migrationsstrategi uppvisar positiva resultat, säger EU-kommissionens förste vice ordförande Frans Timmermans.Det framgår av det fortlöpande genomförandet av uttalandet från EU och Turkiet och den betydande minskningen av det antal irreguljära migranter som anländer till Grekland. Det märks också av de framsteg som de grekiska myndigheterna gjort med att rätta till bristerna i landets asylsystem, vilket har gjort att vi kan rekommendera ett gradvist återupptagande av Dublinöverföringarna till Grekland från och med den 15 mars 2017. Detta kommer att ytterligare förhindra olagliga inresor och sekundära förflyttningar, och är ett viktigt steg för att vi ska kunna återgå till ett normalt fungerande Dublin- och Schengensystem.

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Hela pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

Thursday 8 December: The Commission publishes fourth Recommendation on urgent measures to be taken by Greece in view of the resumption of transfers under the Dublin Regulation (Extern länk)

Questions & Answers: Recommendation on the conditions for resuming Dublin transfers of asylum seekers to Greece (Extern länk)

Thursday 8 December: The Commission publishes the 8th Report on Relocation and Resettlement (Extern länk)

Hämta meddelandet COM/2016/0791 final: Eighth report on relocation and resettlement (Extern länk)

Thursday 8 December: The Commission publishes the 4th Report on the progress made in the implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement (Extern länk)

Implementing the EU-Turkey Statement - Questions and Answers (Extern länk)

Se även:

Europeiska rådets slutsatser, den 15 december 2016 (Extern länk)

ECRE 16-12-14: Joint NGO statement ahead of the European Council of 15 December 2016: EU leaders can save lives in winter if they change migration policies (Extern länk)

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Europarådets parlament 16-12-09:

Rapporteur Tineke Strik warns against resuming Dublin transfers to Greece till sidans topp

Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly (PACE) rapporteur Tineke Strik (SOC, the Netherlands) today responded to the European Commission's recommendation that in three months from now, European countries should resume transferring asylum seekers to Greece under the Dublin regulation.

"The Parliamentary Assembly has repeatedly stated that transfers of asylum seekers back to Greece should not resume until the Council of Europe has confirmed that Greece is able to ensure protection of their rights under the European Convention on Human Rights", said Ms Strik, referring to Parliamentary Assembly Resolutions 2109 (2016) on 'the situation of refugees and migrants under the EU-Turkey Agreement of 18 March 2016' and 2118 (2016) on 'refugees in Greece: challenges and risks - a European responsibility'. "The Committee of Ministers is still examining the situation, and so it is premature even to make qualified, conditional plans for a resumption of Dublin transfers."

"Only this week, the Assembly's migration committee heard from Médecins sans Frontières and the European Stability Initiative about the very poor and often unsafe conditions many asylum seekers still face on the Greek islands and mainland and the increasing backlog of cases in the Greek asylum system. It is clear that EU assistance remains inadequate on the ground and that most countries are still failing to meet their commitments to relocate refugees from Greece, and as a result Greece continues to struggle with its disproportionate and ever-growing responsibilities", continued Ms Strik. "In these circumstances, I find it astonishing that the European Commission is recommending something that would only add to the burden on Greece and may prove damagingly counter-productive on many fronts."

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ECRE 16-12-09:

Commission proposes to increase returns to Turkey and re-start returns to Greece till sidans topp

The European Commission published its Fourth Report on the implementation of the EU-Turkey deal this week. The publication comes together with a Joint Action Plan of the EU Coordinator on the implementation of certain provisions of the EU-Turkey Statement that outlines several modifications to the Greek asylum procedure aiming to increase numbers of returns under the EU Turkey deal, as well as a Recommendation to EU Member States to reinstate the Dublin procedure to Greece. The proposals have been sharply criticised by a number of actors, including Amnesty International.

Three main proposals are put forward by the Commission to modify the EU Turkey deal. The first foresees the abolition of the exemption of vulnerable persons or persons falling within the family provisions of the Dublin Regulation from the exceptional border procedure applied on the Greek islands. Safeguards might only be maintained for victims of torture or other forms of violence, and families in case the right to family life is threatened. The second proposal envisages the further speeding up of the decision-making for asylum seekers such as Pakistani, Bangladeshi, Algerian, Moroccan and Tunisian nationals. Finally, the Commission urges Greece to exert stronger pressure on its Appeals Committees for faster decisions and to explore the possibility to limit the number of appeal steps in the context of the asylum process. So far a number a significant number of returns under the EU-Turkey deal have been prevented by the rulings of the Appeals Committees.

Further, the Commission recommended that Member States reinstate Dublin procedures to Greece from 15 March 2017 onwards. Ahead of the resumption of Dublin procedure and transfers to Greece, the Commission recommends Greece to ensure sufficient reception capacity, guarantee at least the minimum standards of the recast Reception Conditions Directive in all facilities, to increase the efficiency of the asylum procedure and to effectively implement the new legal aid scheme.

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Amnesty International 16-12-08:

Pressure on Greece for Dublin returns is 'hypocritical' till sidans topp

European Commission pressure on Greece to improve conditions so that Dublin transfers to Greece can resume is hypocritical, as one of the main reasons why conditions for refugees in Greece - particularly on the islands - are so dire, is the EU's deal with Turkey, said Amnesty International.

The reaction comes in response to an announcement today by the European Commission that EU member states will be able to return migrants to Greece from mid-March.

"It seems that for the European Commission all roads for refugees lead to Greece. It is outrageously hypocritical of the European Commission to insinuate that Greece alone is to blame for dire conditions, when the overcrowding and insecure climate on the Greek islands are for the most part caused by the EU-Turkey deal, and compounded by the lack of solidarity from other EU countries to relocate people," said Iverna McGowan, Director of Amnesty International's European Institution's Office.

"Asylum-seekers on the Greek islands face overcrowding, freezing temperatures, lack of hot water, violence and hate-motivated attacks. While we have long called for reception conditions to improve, forcing refugees to stay on the islands only so that they can be returned to Turkey, in line with Turkey's interpretation of the deal, is inhumane. Pressure on Greece must be immediately alleviated, not increased.

Amnesty International recommends that to alleviate pressure on Greece:

+ Asylum seekers should urgently be transferred from the islands to the mainland;

+ They should be reunited with their families in other countries;

Relocation to other European countries who have committed to take refugees from Greece should be sped up.

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Se även:

Human Rights Watch 16-12-10: Returns to Greece Put Refugees at Risk (Extern länk)

Europaportalen 16-12-09: Sverige ogillar EU-plan för flyktingar (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 161208:

FRA 16-11-23:

FRA Opinion on the impact on children of the proposal for a revised Dublin Regulation till sidans topp

This opinion analyses the effects on children of the proposed recast Dublin Regulation. It covers child-specific rules as well as provisions relating to all asylum applicants that significantly affect children.

Where possible, the opinion points to the potential practical effects on children of the envisaged changes to the Dublin system, drawing on the results of the 2015 evaluation of the Dublin Regulation. This opinion does therefore not look at all fundamental rights issues arising from the proposed changes to the Dublin Regulation.

The opinion covers the following:

1. Excluding certain categories of applicants from the Dublin Regulation and its impact on the rights of the child and the right to respect for family life;

2. The impact of sanctions for unauthorised secondary movements;

3. Procedural safeguards for children;

4. Best interests of the child;

5. Corrective allocation mechanism and fundamental rights.

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ECRE 16-11-29:

ECRE comments on proposals for reform of the Common European Asylum System till sidans topp

The European Commission has tabled seven legislative proposals for the reform of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS), in two packages published on 4 May and 13 July 2016.

ECRE has published comments on four proposals, concerning the reform of the Dublin Regulation, the expansion of the Eurodac database, the transformation of EASO into an Agency for Asylum, as well as the recast of the Reception Conditions Directive:

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Arkiveringsdatum 160914:

Meijers Committee 16-10-10:

Statement on Dublin IV behalf of the Meijers Committee till sidans topp

By Ms. Nejra Kalkan, Executive Secretary during the public hearing on 'The reform of the Dublin System and Crisis Relocation' of 10 October 2016

The Meijers Committee is concerned with this recast because it has been a very short time since the latest Dublin III proposal entered into force. Moreover, it envisages a continuation of the present Dublin system, a system that has so far proven to be ineffective.

Member States on the EU's external borders have been overburdened with the high amount of asylum seekers entering the EU through their territories.

I will take you through some cases of the European Court of Human Right and EU Court of Justice and shed light on certain aspects of the proposal.

Often when we talk about rules and legislation and even numbers, we tend to forget the people and the stories behind it.

Läs eller hämta ställningstagandet (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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Meijers Committee 16-10-10:

Statement on Dublin IV behalf of the Meijers Committee till sidans topp

By Ms. Nejra Kalkan, Executive Secretary during the public hearing on 'The reform of the Dublin System and Crisis Relocation' of 10 October 2016

The Meijers Committee is concerned with this recast because it has been a very short time since the latest Dublin III proposal entered into force. Moreover, it envisages a continuation of the present Dublin system, a system that has so far proven to be ineffective.

Member States on the EU's external borders have been overburdened with the high amount of asylum seekers entering the EU through their territories.

I will take you through some cases of the European Court of Human Right and EU Court of Justice and shed light on certain aspects of the proposal.

Often when we talk about rules and legislation and even numbers, we tend to forget the people and the stories behind it.

Läs eller hämta ställningstagandet (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160831:

EU-kommissionen 16-08-21:

Förslaget till omarbetning av Dublinförordningen, nu på svenska till sidans topp

KOM(2016) 270 final: Förslag till Europaparlamentets och Rådets förordning om kriterier och mekanismer för att avgöra vilken medlemsstat som är ansvarig för att pröva en ansökan om internationellt skydd som en tredjelandsmedborgare eller en statslös person har lämnat in i någon medlemsstat (omarbetning)

Läs eller hämta dokumentet (Extern länk)

Ekathimerini 16-08-17: Gov't seeking revision of Dublin Regulation returning migrants (Extern länk)

Se också:

EU-kommissionen 16-08-21: Förslaget till omarbetning av Eurodacförordningen (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160509:

EU-kommissionen 16-05-04:

Mot ett hållbart och rättvist gemensamt europeiskt asylsystem till sidans topp

EU-kommissionen lägger i dag fram förslag om hur man ska reformera det gemensamma europeiska asylsystemet. Man vill skapa ett rättvisare, effektivare och hållbarare system för att fördela asylansökningar mellan EU-länderna. Grundprincipen kommer att vara oförändrad - om de inte har familj någon annanstans ska asylsökande ansöka om asyl i det första inreselandet - men en ny rättvisemekanism kommer att garantera att inget medlemsland lämnas med ett oproportionerligt tryck på asylsystemet. Dagens förslag innebär också att Europeiska stödkontoret för asylfrågor (Easo) omvandlas till en fullvärdig EU-byrå för asyl, i linje med dess utökade roll i det nya systemet. Samtidigt ska Eurodac, EU:s databas för finteravtryck, stärka så att man bättre kan förvalta asylsystemet och hantera irreguljär migration.

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Dagens förslag ingår i den första omgången lagstiftningsförslag som EU-kommissionen lägger fram i samband med en genomgripande ändring av det gemensamma europeiska asylsystemet, i enlighet med EU-kommissionens meddelande av den 6 april 2016. Den här reformen ska på medellång sikt ligga till grund för våra reaktioner på framtida migrationsvågor. Under tiden fortsätter de nuvarande Dublinbestämmelserna och de två krisbesluten om omplacering att gälla, och EU-kommissionen kommer att se till att de tillämpas fullt ut.

Reformering av Dublinsystemet

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Hela pressmeddelandet (Extern länk)

EU-kommissionen 16-05-04: Frågor och svar: Reform av det gemensamma europeiska asylsystemet (Extern länk)

EU-kommissionen 16-05-04: FAKTABLAD: Reform av Dublinsystemet (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

EU-kommissionen 16-05-04: Förslaget om Eurodac-förordningen, COM(2016) 272 final (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

Bakgrundsmaterial från EU-Parlamentet: Implementation Appraisal: Dublin Regulation and asylum procedures in Europe, hämta från Statewatch (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160408:

EU-parlamentet 16-03-16:

Ledamöter föreslår centraliserat EU-system med kvoter för asylansökningar till sidans topp

EU:s asylsystems misslyckanden den senaste tiden att klara av det ständigt ökande antalet flyktingar, leder till behovet av en radikal omarbetning av de så kallade Dublinreglerna. Det fastslog ledamöterna i utskottet för medborgerliga fri- och rättigheter på onsdagen. De föreslår inrättandet av ett centralt system för att samla in och fördela asylansökningar. Systemet, som skulle kunna omfatta en kvot för varje EU-land, skulle utgå från så kallade "hotspots" varifrån flyktingar skulle fördelas.

Den föreslagna uppdateringen av Dublin III-förordningen (som avgör vilken medlemsstat som ansvarar för att behandla vilken asylansökan) anges i en resolution som röstades igenom av utskottet. Texten, som utarbetats av Roberta Metsola (EPP, Malta) och Kashetu Kyenge (S & D, Italien) godkändes med 44 ja-röster mot 11 nej-röster, och en nedlagd röst.

- Situationen är enormt allvarlig. Förra året drunknade 3771 personer i våra vatten. I år har redan mer än 450 personer dött, inklusive 77 barn. Som politiker har vi en skyldighet att se till att detta inte bara blir namnlös statistik. Dessaa är verkliga människor, med verkliga liv. Vi måste alla göra bättre ifrån oss - likgiltighet är inte ett alternativ. Det är dags att agera i alla avseenden- och det är vad det här betänkandet efterlyser, sade Roberta Metsola.

- Europa måste ha en övergripande strategi för migration som bygger på principen om solidaritet. Det behövs en global förvaltning som grundas på solidaritet mellan länder, likafördelat ansvar och som värderar liv och de grundläggande rättigheterna centralt i alla processer, lade Kashetu Kyenge till.

Texten understryker att det nuvarande asylsystemet inte tar tillräcklig hänsyn till det stora migrationstrycket i EU-länder med yttre gränser. Ledamöterna kräver förändringar för att säkerställa rättvisa och gemensamt ansvar, solidaritet och snabb behandling av ansökningar.

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EU-parlamentet 16-03-16: MEPs want EU embassies and consulates to grant asylum seekers humanitarian visas (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 160301:

ECRE 16-02-26:

ECRE Comments on the reinstatement of Dublin transfers to Greece till sidans topp

ECRE has published comments on the European Commission's Recommendation on the urgent measures to be taken in view of the resumption of Dublin transfers to Greece. Transfers to Greece have been suspended since 2011, following judgments of the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union.

ECRE draws on up-to-date information on the state of the Greek asylum system to express concerns about ongoing shortcomings in several areas. Access to the asylum procedure remains hampered by the limited presence of the Asylum Service across the Greek territory, as well as by persisting problems in the Skype pre-registration system at the Regional Asylum Office in Attica. For those who successfully lodge an asylum claim, the Greek government's intention to declare Turkey a "safe third country", and to reject claims as inadmissible so as to return applicants thereto, is liable to create real risks of refoulement. Risks of arbitrary detention in substandard conditions are also highlighted, particularly in respect of specific nationalities which have been systematically placed in pre-removal centres.

As regards the issue of reception conditions, ECRE is concerned by the Commission's assessment of reception capacity in Greece. The general figure of 17,628 places communicated on 10 February 2016 not only misleadingly includes pre-removal detention places and other detention facilities (First Reception Centres), but also portrays temporary accommodation solutions (such as the Elliniko hockey stadium in Athens) as reception structures. Given that less than 1,500 places are available in second-line reception for persons applying for international protection, the Hotspot Progress Report misrepresents Greece's capacity to host asylum seekers and underestimates palpable risks of destitution.

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Hämta dokumentet (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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Arkiveringsdatum 151009:

Europarådet / ECRE 15-10-01:

After Dublin - the urgent need for a real European asylum system till sidans topp

On 29 September, in Strasbourg, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) adopted a resolution that called for the urgent reform of the EU Dublin system which determines the country responsible for treating an asylum application.

Branding the current system 'dysfunctional', PACE recommended that the EU reforms the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) to ensure 'equitable burden sharing' among Member States, which would include compulsory allocation criteria while taking into account the prospects of integration and the needs and specific circumstances of asylum seekers themselves. The resolution warned, that without far-reaching reform, the entire CEAS may be placed in jeopardy due to the risk of States suspending or withdrawing from the system; a situation that PACE said would "cause chaos and confusion".

PACE noted that the distribution of asylum applicants between States is extremely uneven, with 72% of all asylum applications in the EU processed by only five States in 2014. The resolution said this iniquity was exacerbated by Dublin transfers of asylum applicants, and that the implementation of the Dublin system has given rise to violations of asylum seekers' human rights on a number of occasions. It added that the system in its current format was not efficient in achieving its basic aims, and the high human cost was accompanied by a high resource cost to the States complying with its "lengthy and complicated procedures".

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Artikeln i sin helhet (Extern länk)

Resolutionen från Europarådet (Extern länk)

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ECRE 15-10-01:

EU Commission calls on Greece to return to the Dublin system within six months till sidans topp

In a document setting out the priority actions for the management of the refugee crisis, the European Commission called for Greece to normalise the asylum situation within their territory and return to the Dublin system in the coming months.

The persistent deficiencies in the Greek asylum system led, in 2011, to the suspension of Dublin transfers back to Greece after the European Court on Human Rights found that the conditions of detention and living conditions for asylum seekers, as well as the insufficiency of the asylum procedure, violated the European Convention on Human Rights.

The Commission's document also outlined other financial, legal, and operational measures that will be taken, including its expectations of all Member States. Citing a pressing need to support Member States in their management of refugees on their territories, the Commission has proposed action both within the EU, by providing technical and financial support to areas that are under pressure, and outside the EU, by ensuring funding for UNHCR and the World Food Programme, stepping up 'the fight against traffickers and smugglers', and increasing diplomatic engagement in key crises.

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Arkiveringsdatum 150920:

Europarådet 15-09-09:

The Dublin system has collapsed and must be reformed as a matter of urgency till sidans topp

The Dublin system, the EU's legal instrument for identifying the country responsible for examining individual asylum applications, "has collapsed and must be reformed as a matter of urgency", the Migration Committee of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) has concluded, while calling for new burden-sharing mechanisms including mutual recognition of positive decisions on refugee applications and introduction of a common status of "European refugee".

The draft resolution adopted on the basis of a report prepared by Michele Nicoletti (Italy, SOC) states that the Dublin system has "an unacceptably high human cost" for asylum applicants and resource cost to participating states in complying with its lengthy and complicated procedures. Moreover, its operation is compromised, as it depends on the still unfulfilled assumption that all participating states are able to ensure protection of asylum applicants and properly cope with the number of applications they receive.

Without far-reaching reform of the European asylum system as a whole, there is a risk of participating states suspending, or withdrawing from, the Dublin system, "which would cause chaos and confusion".

Pending the evaluation of the system by the European Commission next year as announced, the members said that measures "can and should be taken now".

Among these measures, they stressed, in particular, that the family-related responsibility criteria and provisions concerning the best interests of the child should be applied strictly; that recognised refugees should be relocated on a level adequate to ensure equitable burden-sharing amongst the participating states and that a status of 'European refugee' should be introduced for beneficiaries of international protection, allowing transfer of residence and exercise of other rights between states.

The Committee also called for an immediate, holistic evaluation of the Dublin system and the wider context within which it operates.

The report will be debated during PACE Autumn session (28 September-2 October 2015).

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Arkiveringsdatum 150826:

Refugees Studies Centre 15-08-06:

Study calls for fundamental rethink of the Dublin system and legal venues to protection till sidans topp

Report for the European Parliament's LIBE committee co-authored by Dr Cathryn Costello

This new report, co-authored by Dr Cathryn Costello, is the outcome of a study requested by the European Parliament's Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) committee that examines why the Dublin system of allocation of responsibility for asylum seekers does not work effectively, from the viewpoint both of Member States and of asylum-seekers. The Dublin system has been the 'cornerstone' of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS), despite being unfit for its intended purpose. Judicial decisions have highlighted that the system violates fundamental rights in several respects, yet the tendency is towards its ever more coercive application.

This study urges a fundamental rethink. It argues that as long as the Dublin system is based on the use of coercion against asylum seekers, it cannot serve as an effective tool to address existing imbalances in the allocation of responsibilities among Member States.

The EU is faced with two substantial challenges: first, how to prevent unsafe journeys and risks to the lives of people seeking international protection in the EU; and secondly, how to organise the distribution of related responsibilities and costs among the Member States. This study addresses these issues with recommendations aimed at resolving current practical, legal and policy problems.

The study concludes that creating legal and safe avenues to access protection in the EU is essential, to avoid life-threatening journeys and deaths in transit. Safe access would also diminish the burden on coastal Member States for search and rescue, reception, and processing of claims.

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Arkiveringsdatum 150724:

Statewatch July 2015:

Letter from Hungarian PM Orban to Commission President Juncker till sidans topp

Letter stating that Dublin provisions will be adhered to but "technically temporarily not capable of receiving people sent back from the Western direction"

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Arkiveringsdatum 150625:

AIDA 15-06-23:

AIDA Legal Briefing: Detention under the Dublin Regulation till sidans topp

ECRE has published its first AIDA Legal Briefing, focusing on the legality of detention of asylum seekers for the purpose of transfer to the country responsible for examining their application under the Dublin III Regulation.

The briefing discusses the new Article 28 of the Dublin III Regulation, which only expressly permits detention for the purpose of securing transfer procedures when there is a "significant risk of absconding" and subject to necessity, proportionality and insofar as less coercive alternative measures cannot be applied effectively. It also sketches out the applicable safeguards and conditions of detention under the Dublin III Regulation.

The briefing then examines the legality of detention of asylum seekers subject to Dublin procedures under the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and its corresponding provision in the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. Article 5(1)(f) ECHR allows states to detain non-nationals either to prevent them from "effecting an unauthorised entry" in their territory, or with a view to deporting them.

The assumption that asylum seekers are detainable as they are "effecting an unauthorised entry", as suggested by the European Court of Human Rights in Saadi v United Kingdom, seems untenable under EU law, since the Asylum Procedures Directive provides asylum seekers with a right to remain on the territory of Member States pending a decision on their application. As the Court of Justice of the European Union has detailed in Cimade and GISTI, all rights attached to asylum seekers' status remain applicable throughout the entire Dublin procedure, until a person has effectively reached the territory of the receiving country.

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Arkiveringsdatum 150511:

EU-parlamentet 15-05-06:

Unaccompanied minors' asylum applications: process where the kids are, say MEPs till sidans topp

EU asylum applications for unaccompanied minors should be processed in the EU country where the child is present, even if this is not where the child first applied, said Civil Liberties Committee MEPs on Wednesday. Processing where children are present is usually in their best interests, and avoids moving them unnecessarily between member states, say the committee's amendments to the Dublin Regulation, which determines which member state should examine asylum applications.

The amendments aim to clarify Dublin Regulation rules on which member state is responsible for processing the asylum application of an unaccompanied minor. The current regulation is not clear on this point, saying that it should be where the minor has lodged his or her application, but not whether this should be the country where the minor first applied for asylum or, in cases where more than one application is made, the country where the minor is present.

"Unaccompanied minors are very vulnerable and the best interest of the child must always come first. I am extremely happy that the committee supports this view", said Parliament's lead MEP Cecilia Wikström (ALDE, SE), adding that "The position of the European Parliament is clear: children should not be pushed around between member states".

Her position was backed by 49 votes to 3.

The amendments stipulate that it is the member state where the minor is present which should be responsible for processing the asylum application, so as to avoid unnecessary transfers of children and ensure a swift decision on the application, in line with the overriding principle of the child's best interest. The only possible exception to this principle should be if an individual assessment shows that it would be in the best interest of the child to go to another country, MEPs say.

Next steps

The committee voted to give Mrs Wikström a mandate to start negotiations with member states, by 50 votes to 3, with no abstentions. Talks are expected to begin shortly.

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Arkiveringsdatum 150413:

ECRE 15-04-03:

ECRE publishes guidance on the application of the recast Dublin Regulation till sidans topp

ECRE has published an information note providing guidance to apply the recast Dublin Regulation from the perspective of the fundamental rights of the asylum seekers. The Dublin Regulation determines the Member State responsible for the examination of an asylum application in the EU.

ECRE welcomes the fact that the recast Dublin Regulation clearly stipulates that the best interest of the child must always be a primary consideration when determining which Member State is responsible for examining an application. In ECRE's view this requires a multi-disciplinary approach following an individual examination of the personal circumstances of each child, and always involving qualified legal representatives.

ECRE remains concerned that the definitions of 'family members' in the recast Dublin Regulation are over-restrictive and not in accordance with the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), which considers family life to be an autonomous concept which extends beyond blood ties. Member States should also take into account the fact that many asylum seekers establish families during flight and assess whether the distinction between pre-flight and post flight families in the recast Regulation is not discriminatory under the European Convention on Human Rights and the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. ECRE calls on States to utilise the discretionary clause under Article 17, where necessary to ensure respect for family life.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150327:

MPI / ECRE 15-03-20:

MPI: EU rules on responsibility inefficient, costly & not fit for purpose till sidans topp

A report published by the Migration Policy Institute Europe provides evidence that the twin goals of the Dublin system, preventing asylum seekers from applying for international protection in more than one EU country and providing quickly protection to persons in need, are not being achieved.

Ongoing inefficiency with asylum procedures is noted with lengthy access to protection. Additionally, few people are actually returned to the country deemed responsible for their asylum application while many asylum seekers move further from the first European country they enter to other European countries. Furthermore, often Member States are exchanging similar numbers of asylum seekers and delays are breaching both International human rights law as well as European law.

The report also notes that although the Dublin III criteria to determine which state is responsible to examine an asylum application places family unity and the welfare of unaccompanied children at the top, the criteria is misapplied leading to, on many occasions, the disruption of family unity. Of all the times in 2013 that a Member State requested another EU country to take responsibility over the examination of an asylum application, only 1.8% of the requests were due to family reasons.

Furthermore, applicants returned to another country under the Dublin procedure may have to wait up to a year before their asylum claims are considered, exposing them to insufficient reception conditions, and the potential of being sent back to their country of origin where they might be at risk.

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Arkiveringsdatum 150221:

UNCR / ECRE 15-02-19:

Dublin Regulation: UNHCR backs proposal to protect unaccompanied children till sidans topp

UNHCR has welcomed the Commission's proposal amending the Dublin regulation regarding the Member State responsible for examining the asylum application of unaccompanied children with no family members residing legally in EU. According to the proposal, the Member State responsible for examining the asylum application, is the one where the unaccompanied child is currently present, even if they haven't applied for asylum there, as long as this is in their best interest. This is in line with the C-648/11 MA & Others judgment of the Court of Justice of the EU.

According to UNHCR, the Commission's proposal ensures prompt access to international protection for unaccompanied children and gives primary consideration to the best interest of the child at each stage of the asylum procedure. UNHCR underlines that in the case of a decision to send back children to another Member State they may not be properly accommodated, may be unable to access protection in the receiving country and might be detained with adults due to disputes in assessing their age between Member States concerned.

UNHCR welcomes the fact that the Commission's proposal goes beyond the scope of the judgment by accepting that the child might refuse to introduce an asylum application in the country where he or she is currently present. Therefore, unless this is not in his best interest, the Member State responsible for the examination is the one which received the most recent request.

UNHCR recommends that the unaccompanied child should be interviewed by experts in child protection in order to take into account all the relevant factors, such as the child's well-being and social development; safety and security considerations, especially where there is a risks of human trafficking; and the views of the child, in accordance with their age and maturity.

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AIDA 15-02-16: Save the Children on amending the Dublin III Regulation (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150211:

EU Council / Statewatch 15-01-30:

DUBLIN III: New proposal on unaccompanied children till sidans topp

/Asylnytt: Senaste förslag angående ensamkommande barn i Dublinförordningen; förslaget innebär att ensamkommande barn ska överföras om de har negativt beslut i annat EU-land, men med kortare tidsgräns./

Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) No 604/2013 as regards determining the Member State responsible for examining the application for international protection of unaccompanied minors with no family member, sibling or relative legally present in a Member State (LIMITE doc no: 5108-15, pdf) Council Presidency suggested changes and with 22 Footnotes giving Member State positions.

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ECRE 15-01-30: NGOs call for the rights of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children to be respected (Extern länk)

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Arkiveringsdatum 150130:

AIDA 15-01-26:

Opinion issued on the proposal to amend Dublin III for unaccompanied minors by EESC till sidans topp

The European Economic and Social Committee, EESC, has issued an Opinion on the Commission Proposal to amend the Dublin III Regulation for unaccompanied minors in which it supports the proposal but also notes that the complexity of administrative, judicial and other systems in Member States as well as the lack of information provided may leave children in a situation of legal uncertainty, or even stateless.

The Opinion further notes, with regards to the "best interests of the child," that no clarification is given in the proposal as to how and by whom the welfare of the child is to be established. Thus, the EESC recommends that an independent authority and not immigration authorities should determine the best interests. In addition, the Opinion states that all personnel should be trained to respect children's rights and that the ending of child detention, both of unaccompanied and accompanied minors, should be addressed as an urgent priority.

The Opinion goes on to note that Commission amendments relating to the provision of information needs to be properly explained, that a legal guardian should be a qualified representative, that there is a need for a more comprehensive definition of 'unaccompanied children in an irregular migrant situation' and that any age assessment is done in the minor's best interests. Finally the EESC stresses the importance of co-operation and consultation with civil society experts, legal professionals and practitioners with experience in the field of migrant children.

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Arkiveringsdatum 141206:

The Meijers Committee 14-12-02:

Letter from the Meijers Committee on proposal to amend the Dublin Regulation till sidans topp

Note on the proposal of the European Commission of 26 June 2014 to amend Regulation (EU) 604/2013 (the Dublin III Regulation)

to the Members of the LIBE Committee

The Meijers Committee is of the opinion that the judgment in case C-646/11 on the position of unaccompanied minors should be implemented fully. This would be in conformity with both the political agreement reached by the co-legislators upon the adoption of the Dublin III regulation and the requirements of the Charter of Fundamental Rights. Accordingly, the original Commission proposal should be adopted, without the changes made in the Council Presidency compromise text. In addition, the Meijers Committee believes that it is in the best interest of the child to extend these provisions to unaccompanied minors who do not lodge an application for international protection. Finally, the Meijers Committee suggests that effective remedies should also be ensured against decisions not to transfer an asylum applican

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Arkiveringsdatum 141125:

EU Concilium / Statewatch November 2014:

Ordförandens förslag till ändring för ensamkommande i Dublinförordningen till sidans topp

/Asylnytt: Utkastet till kompromissförslag från ministerrådet innehåller nya artiklar som innebär att ensamkommande barn trots allt ska överföras enligt Dublin om de har fått beslut i första instans i ett annat land./

Proposal for a Regulation amending Regulation (EU) No 604/2013 as regards determining the Member State responsible for examining the application for international protection of unaccompanied minors with no family member, sibling or relative legally present in a Member State

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ECRE 14-11-24:

ECRE: System needed to allow positive decisions to be recognised across the EU till sidans topp

A major challenge facing beneficiaries of international protection is the fact that they cannot move and settle freely in another Member State after they have been granted status by one Member State. By virtue of the Dublin III Regulation, strict criteria are used to determine which Member State is responsible for processing an asylum claim which can leave an individual separated from their family or unable to move to another country where they have better integration prospects. In order to seek solutions for these difficulties facing refugees in Europe, ECRE has released a discussion paper on the mutual recognition of positive asylum decisions and the transfer of international protection status within the EU.

ECRE concludes that having a system in place which recognises another Member State's positive asylum decision and allows for the transfer of international protection status between States would alleviate these problems facing refugees. It would also rectify the anomaly which allows States to recognise and implement another State's negative and return decisions, yet there is no systematic recognition of a Member State's positive asylum decision. Having such instruments in place would also complete the Common European Asylum System and would ensure that a uniform status on asylum be truly valid within the Union.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 141102:

EU:s ekonomiska och sociala kommitté 14-10-15:

International protection of unaccompanied minors till sidans topp

OPINION of the European Economic and Social Committee on the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) No 604/2013 as regards determining the Member State responsible for examining the application for international protection of unaccompanied minors with no family member, sibling or relative legally present in a Member State COM(2014) 382 final - 2014/0202 (COD)

/Dokumentet innehåller kommitténs kommentarer till den föreslagna ändringen i Dublinförordningen om ensamkommande barn, men också en lång rad synpunkter på mottagandet av ensamkommande och hur barnets bästa ska säkras.

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Arkiveringsdatum 140823:

Justitiedepartementet 14-08-13:

Faktapromemoria: Ändring av Dublinförordningentill sidans topp

Faktapromemoria 2013/14:FPM103, Dokumentbeteckning KOM (2014) 382

/Asylnytts kommentar: Detta förslag innebär att EU-domstolens avgörande om ensamkommande barn och Dublinförordningen skrivs in i förordningen./

Förslag till Europaparlamentets och rådets förordning om ändring av förordning (EU) nr 604/2013 när det gäller att avgöra vilken medlemsstat som har ansvaret för att pröva en ansökan om internationellt skydd av ensamkommande barn utan någon familjemedlem, något syskon eller någon släkting som lagligen vistas i en medlemsstat

Sammanfattning

Kommissionen föreslår en ändring i Dublinförordningen om kriterier och mekanismer för att avgöra vilken medlemsstat som har ansvaret för att pröva en ansökan om internationellt skydd. Förslagets syfte är att lösa oklarheterna kring bestämmelserna om ensamkommande barn och att skapa ett tydligare rättsläge vad gäller ansvaret för att pröva en asylansökan.

(...)

Enligt kommissionens förslag faller ansvaret för att pröva en asylansökan på den medlemsstat där barnet har lämnat in ansökan och där barnet för närvarande befinner sig (8.4a). Har barnet inte lämnat in en ansökan ska barnet upplysas om denna rättighet och dess konsekvenser. Om någon ansökan inte görs bör ansvaret falla på den medlemsstat där barnet har lämnat in sin senaste ansökan (8.4b).

I en situation där överföring från en stat till en annan blir aktuell, och i syfte att undvika intressekonflikter, innehåller kommissionens förslag en bestämmelse om att den medlemstat som uppmanas återta ett ensamkommande barn ska samarbete med den medlemsstat där barnet befinner sig (8.4c).

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 140711:

EU-kommissionen 14-06-26:

Tydligare EU-regler för ensamkommande barn som ansöker om internationellt skyddtill sidans topp

Förra året lämnade 12 690 ensamkommande barn in en asylansökan inom EU. Vissa av dem har ingen som de kan vända sig till i EU:s medlemsstater och befinner sig i en mycket utsatt situation, särskilt i början av asylförfarandet.

Mot bakgrund av en aktuell dom från EU-domstolen föreslår kommissionen att det ska klargöras vilken medlemsstat som är ansvarig för att pröva ansökningar från ensamkommande barn. Bland annat kommer förslaget att förbättra situationen för de barn som ansöker om internationellt skydd och som inte har familj, syskon eller släktingar i EU.

I princip ska ett barn som söker internationellt skydd i en sådan situation få sitt ärende granskat av den medlemsstat där han eller hon befinner sig och där ansökan har lämnats in. Barnet kommer att stanna i medlemsstaten under prövningen av ansökan, såvida detta inte strider mot hans eller hennes bästa.

- Barnets rättigheter måste alltid komma i första hand. Vi behöver tydligare och mer förutsägbara EU-asylregler för ensamkommande barn. Vårt förslag kommer att innebära att barnets bästa alltid ska tillgodoses i Dublinförfarandet, och att dessa barn inte i onödan kommer att överföras från ett EU-land till ett annat. De kommer att få snabbare tillgång till förfarandena för fastställande av internationell skyddsstatus. Detta kommer att öka effektiviteten i vårt gemensamma asylsystem för några av de allra mest utsatta, sade Cecilia Malmström, kommissionsledamot för inrikes frågor.

Dagens förslag om ändring av Dublinförordningen ger rättssäkerhet när det gäller ansvaret för prövningen av ansökan om internationellt skydd för ensamkommande barn som inte har någon familj, syskon eller släktingar i EU. Det omfattar två möjliga fall:

Om barnet har lämnat in flera ansökningar om internationellt skydd, även i den medlemsstat där han eller hon för närvarande befinner sig, är det den medlemsstaten som ska ansvara för prövningen av ansökan (förutsatt att detta är för barnets bästa).

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Arkiveringsdatum 140406:

Amnesty International 14-03-31:

EU must ban transfers to Bulgaria until country "sets affairs in order"till sidans topp

European countries must not transfer any asylum seekers to Bulgaria until the country truly improves its demeaning reception conditions and addresses its asylum procedures, said Amnesty International.

On 1 April, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is due to announce its position on the issue after it called for a suspension of all transfers of asylum seekers to Bulgaria in January. It cited poor conditions in reception facilities and problems with the overall treatment of refugees.

"Bulgaria is still widely 'missing the mark' when it comes to its treatment of refugees and asylum seekers. EU member states must halt all transfers and take responsibility for the thousands of men, women and children in desperate need of help," said Jezerca Tigani, Europe and Central Asia Deputy Programme Director at Amnesty International.

Under EU regulation, asylum seekers can be returned to Bulgaria if it is the first country through which they have entered the EU.

During a visit to Bulgaria this month, Amnesty International found that, despite some progress, living conditions in some of the reception centres continue to be inadequate.

"Bulgarian authorities have started fixing the reception facilities but they are still failing to tackle systemic deficiencies. These include detention of asylum seekers and overcrowding, poor sanitation and inadequate provision of food," said Jezerca Tigani.

In a reception centre in Harmanli, 45 kilometres away from the Bulgarian-Turkish border, all refugees had been moved from tents to partially renovated buildings with toilets and showers and in Voenna Rampa, construction works were being carried out.

However, in Harmanli overcrowding persists with as many as seven people living in small containers measuring seven square metres. In Voenna Rampa, around 600 residents share six showers and 12 toilets. The authorities said that after the reconstruction there will be a toilet for every 17 people and a shower for every 62.

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 140224:

ECRE 14-02-14:

New Implementing Regulation sets out detailed rules on applying Dublin IIItill sidans topp

A new Implementing Regulation has entered into force providing detailed rules for the application of the Dublin III Regulation, which determines the Member State responsible for examining any asylum application lodged in the EU from 1 January 2014 onwards. The Recitals of the Implementing Regulation state that the Regulation is designed to 'increase the efficiency of the [Dublin] system and improve the cooperation between national authorities' by ensuring the 'effective application' by Member States of the Dublin III Regulation in practice.

The detailed rules cover the preparation required of States prior to requesting another State to assume responsibility for an asylum seeker, obligations in the case of delays in the procedure, the necessary consultation between States that host different members of the same family, required actions by States to identify the family of unaccompanied children seeking asylum, and the conditions and arrangements for exchanging data regarding the state of health of the asylum seeker before he or she is sent back to the state deemed responsible for examining the asylum application.

As required by the new 'right to information' introduced by the Dublin III Regulation, new common information leaflets on the Dublin Regulation for applicants seeking international protection are annexed to the Implementing Regulation.. Specific leaflets are also published for unaccompanied children, persons apprehended for an irregular crossing of an external border, and persons found to be illegally staying in a Member State.

The Dublin III Regulation entered into force in July 2013 and replaces the Dublin II Regulation.

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Arkiveringsdatum 140210:

EUR-Lex 14-02-08:

Tillämpningsföreskrifter till Dublinförordningen publiceradetill sidans topp

Kommissionens genomförandeförordning (EU) nr 118/2014 av den 30 januari 2014 om ändring av förordning (EG) nr 1560/2003 om tillämpningsföreskrifter till rådets förordning (EG) nr 343/2003 om kriterier och mekanismer för att avgöra vilken medlemsstat som har ansvaret för att pröva en asylansökan som en medborgare i tredjeland har gett in i någon medlemsstat har publicerats i EU:s officiella tidning, nr L 39

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Arkiveringsdatum 130729:

ECRE 13-07-19:

JRS & ECRE statement: The Dublin III Regulation enters into forcetill sidans topp

Today, the Dublin III Regulation enters into force. For the European Union and its member states, this is a pivotal moment because it heralds the arrival of what they consider to be the Common European Asylum System. It is also a pivotal moment for asylum seekers: the way in which EU member states implement Dublin III will undoubtedly impact their ability to seek protection in Europe.

This year, both the Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS) and the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) published in-depth research studies revealing how the Dublin II Regulation impedes asylum seekers' access to protection in Europe. Though both were produced separately, the findings of the studies are strikingly similar.

We found vast differences in the way member states apply the Dublin Regulation. There are no common standards of information provision and reception conditions, and no common ways to assess people's vulnerabilities and special needs. In some countries, people are told about a Dublin transfer just before it actually happens, leaving no time to appeal it before a court and access their right to an effective remedy. Member states implement the humanitarian and sovereignty clauses in a restrictive way with the result that some governments never apply these provisions for the benefit of the asylum seekers concerned.

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Arkiveringsdatum 130610:

Jesuit Refugee Service 13-06-04:

EU rules impede asylum protectiontill sidans topp

Complex procedures and the rigidity of the EU asylum system are key factors that interrupt people's search for protection, says JRS Report

Asylum seekers in Europe are often faced with EU rules that hinder their ability to seek asylum in an EU country where they would feel most protected. This is according to a new JRS Europe report, Protection Interrupted, released today. The report is based on interviews with 257 asylum seekers and migrants in nine EU countries.

"In June, the EU will adopt a new Common European Asylum System, and the 'Dublin Regulation' is a centrepiece of this system. But for an asylum seeker, this regulation is a key source of frustration, anxiety and thwarted access to protection", says Philip Amaral of JRS Europe and author of the report.

The report outlines in several ways how the Dublin Regulation impedes an asylum seeker's search for protection in Europe. Firstly is people's lack of knowledge about how the regulation actually works and what their rights are. About half of the project's interviewees claimed to know little or nothing about Dublin, and nor did they know how to appeal their case before a court. Secondly, people are frequently transferred to EU countries that do not offer decent housing and basic services, leaving many people homeless and destitute. Thirdly, asylum seekers are detained in multiple EU countries, seemingly for no other reason than being an asylum seeker.

"On average, the people we interviewed had been removed from three to four EU countries, with much of that time spent in a detention centre. People are split from their families, and are overwhelmed by a rigid system that overlooks their protection needs", says Mr Amaral.

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, svenska media via Eniro och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media främst via I Care och IRR, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, ENAR, Statewatch, Noborder och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Röda Korset, Svenska Amnesty, FARR, Rosengrenska och InfoTorg Juridik (betaltjänst) samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

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