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Arkivet har startat om och saknar material från perioden 180119 - 180513

Arkiveringsdatum 190503:

Statewatch 19-04-30:

Deadlock as "frontline" Member States oppose mandatory "border procedures" till sidans topp

Council discussions on controversial proposals for dealing with asylum applications at the external borders of the EU hit a wall recently, with "a large majority" of Member States who favour tougher measures facing opposition from those on the "frontline". Member States' diplomatic representatives were called upon to try to reach a resolution, but the Council is remaining tight-lipped on the outcome of those discussions.

Border procedures for asylum claims

The Asylum Procedures Regulation was proposed by the Commission almost three years ago and, like the Asylum Procedures Directive it is supposed to replace, contains provisions allowing for a "border procedure".

That procedure is set out in Article 41 of the proposed text and would allow authorities to take a decision concerning the admissibility or merits of an application for international protection "at the border or in transit zones of the Member State".

In October 2018 the Austrian Presidency of the Council reported that "Article 41 proved challenging with respect to various aspects," above all over the issue of "whether the application of the border procedure should be optional or mandatory." Recent documents show that the problem has not yet been resolved.

A "large majority" in favour

According to a note produced by the Romanian Presidency at the end of March (7708/19, pdf), a "large majority of Member States" want the border procedure to be mandatory for individuals "who do not fulfil the condition for entry in the territory of the EU" and "are subject to inadmissibility examination or fall under the accelerated examination procedure."

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180804:

EU-kommissionen 18-07-19:

Commission takes further steps in infringement procedures against Hungary till sidans topp

The European Commission has today decided to refer Hungary to the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) for non-compliance of its asylum and return legislation with EU law.

The Commission has also today sent a letter of formal notice to Hungary concerning new Hungarian legislation which criminalises activities that support asylum and residence applications and further restricts the right to request asylum.

Court referral for non-compliance with EU asylum and return legislation

The Commission first launched an infringement procedure against Hungary concerning its asylum laws in December 2015. Following a series of exchanges on both administrative and political levels and a complementary letter of formal notice, the Commission sent a reasoned opinion in December 2017. After analysing the reply provided by the Hungarian authorities, the Commission considers that the majority of the concerns raised have still not been addressed and has therefore now decided to refer Hungary to the Court of Justice of the European Union - the last stage of the infringement procedure. Specifically, the Commission finds that Hungarian legislation is incompatible with EU law in the following respects:

(...)

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UNHCR 18-07-25:

Fair and Fast: UNHCR discussion paper on accelerated and simplified procedures till sidans topp

This paper offers recommendations to Member States and EU institutions on accelerated and simplified procedures. It draws on existing practice of European States, and on UNHCR's experience in mandate refugee status determination, with a focus on specific models and tools that have proved efficient, flexible, and fair for processing manifestly well-founded and manifestly unfounded claims.

The paper suggests the following elements to be considered as part of ongoing discussions on the reform of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS).

1. Registration upon arrival, or at the time of the lodging of the asylum application entails the recording of all relevant data regarding the applicants, the identification of persons with specific needs or with family links in the EU and the referral of persons for which alternative legal procedures are available.

2. In situations of large numbers of arrivals, the centralization of the asylum process and related services could be considered. This could apply to cases where a high presumption of inclusion applies or with very low overall protection rates, and where the caseload or profiles are sufficiently homogenous.

3. Accelerated and simplified case processing may be applied for both manifestly well-founded and manifestly unfounded asylum applications.

4. A triaging system would be implemented following a caseload analysis based on 1) country of origin and 2) risk profiles, leading to channeling into different case processing modalities for:

i. Manifestly well-founded claims;

ii. Manifestly unfounded claims;

iii. Regular procedures.

5. For both manifestly well-founded and manifestly unfounded applications, elements of the assessment can be simplified, including through the use of:

(...)

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Arkiveringsdatum 180605:

Statewatch 18-05-29:

Council of the European Union "Safe countries" concept till sidans topp

"As regards Turkey, the Commission proposal for an Asylum Procedure Regulation sets out that the legal basis for protection against persecution and mistreatment is adequately provided by substantive and procedural human rights and anti-discrimination legislation, including ratification of all major international human rights treaties. Turkey has been designated as a candidate country by the European Council and negotiations have been opened."

The Council is discussing its "safe countries concept" which includes:

- the safe third country

- the first country of asylum

- safe country of origin

"Significant progress has been made in clarifying these concepts and the latest Presidency compromise proposals have been generally supported by Member States. As regards the EU list of safe third countries, the latest Presidency compromise provides that it is to be adopted via a Regulation modifying the Asylum Procedure Regulation (Article 46(1)) and that national lists may continue to exist in parallel (a sunset clause for such lists existed in the original Commission proposal). [emphasis added throughout]

The Annex to the Commission proposal listing the safe third countries of origin was bracketed and the Council requested an expert contribution from the EASO to facilitate its assessment and to allow it to take a position on the countries listed in the Annex.(...)

the latest Presidency compromise proposals provide that national lists for safe countries of origin may continue to exist in parallel (a sunset clause for such lists existed in the original Commission proposal).(...)

List of safe countries of origin

(...)

Hela artikeln (Extern länk)

Läckt via Statewatch: Reform of the Common European Asylum System - The safe countries concept = Policy debate, LIMITE doc no: 8735-18 (Extern länk till pdf-fil)

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EU Concilium / Statewatch 18-06-01:

Läckt: Utkast till rådets ståndpunkt angående asylprocedurförordningen till sidans topp

Proposal for a Regulation establishing a common procedure for international protection in the Union and repealing Directive 2013/32/EU (First reading) (LIMITE doc no: 9560-18)

/Statewatch:/ Council working on it negotiating position: 43 detailed Footnotes with Member State positions

"This document contains compromise proposals suggested by the Presidency in relation to Articles 43a-50."

/Dokumentet:/ The third examination of the proposal was finalised during three meetings of the Asylum Working Party (29-30 January, 13-14 February and 5-6 March 2018). The fourth examination of the proposal at JHA Counsellors level was finalised during five meetings (11 April, 17 April, 23 April, 3 May and 23 May).

This document contains compromise proposals suggested by the Presidency in relation to Articles 43a-50.

Taking into account the ongoing examination of the Dublin Regulation, the compromise proposals should be read in conjunction with the compromise proposals made in relation to the Dublin Regulation.

Dokumentet, publicerat av Statewatch (Extern länk)

Se också, samling av tidigare förslag:

Statewatch 18-05-29: Asylum Procedures Regulation: Documentation including "strengthening the sanctions against asylum shopping and absconding" (Extern länk)

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Källor: Informationen på denna sida är hämtad från följande källor (externa länkar): EU (kommissionen, ministerrådet, parlamentet och domstolen), Europarådet (mr-kommissionären, domstolen, kommittén mot tortyr), FN:s flyktingkommissariat UNHCR, FN:s kommitté mot tortyr m.fl. FN-organ, svenska media via Eniro och pressmeddelanden via Newsdesk, utländska media främst via I Care och IRR, internationella organisationer som Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, ECRE, ENAR, Statewatch, Noborder och Picum, organisationer i Sverige som Rädda Barnen, Röda Korset, Svenska Amnesty, FARR, Rosengrenska och InfoTorg Juridik (betaltjänst) samt myndigheter och politiska organ som Migrationsverket, Sveriges domstolar, JO, Justitiedepartementet m.fl. departement och Sveriges Riksdag.

Bevakning: Josefin Åström, Hjalte Lagercrantz, Karin Nilsson Kelly, Sanna Vestin. Sammanställning: Sanna Vestin. Asylnytt är ett ideellt projekt.